Surveillance and monitoring of major chronic diseases in Brazil - National Health Survey, 2013

Deborah Carvalho Malta Sheila Rizzato Stopa Celia Landmann Szwarcwald Nayara Lopes Gomes Jarbas Barbosa Silva Júnior Ademar Arthur Chioro dos Reis About the authors



To describe the major noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in Brazil, according to the information collected from individuals aged 18 years or older.


Data from the National Health Survey (PNS), 2013, a transversal population-based study, were used. The proportions of each NCD were calculated and presented according to sex, with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI), with the absolute values.


Of the total respondents, 45.1% reported presenting at least one NCD. The region with the highest prevalence of NCDs was the South (52.1%). Hypertension showed the highest prevalence among NCDs, with 21.4%, followed by chronic back problem (18.5%), depression (7.6%), arthritis (6.4%), and diabetes (6.2%). The intense/very intense degree of limitation showed a higher prevalence of other mental illnesses (37.6%) and cerebrovascular accident (25.5%).


The improvement of health services is essential for an effective response to the double burden of illness in the middle- and low-income countries.

Health surveys; Chronic disease; Hypertension; Diabetes mellitus; Low back pain; Epidemiological surveillance.

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