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Conduction systems for physalis production in Southern Brazil

The culture of Physalis peruviana, the Solanaceae family, is still little explored in Brazil, but is a new option for diversification for small farmers, with good prospects for the domestic and international markets. It is an exotic fruit, belonging to the nightshade family and is known as camapum and joa-the-cloak, and can be confused with other species. It is a plant that can reach two meters in height system is used to drive appropriate, influencing plant development and quality of fruit produced. The objective was to evaluate the influence of four training systems in plants of physalis fruit production in two production cycles, during the years 2006-2007 and 2007-2008, in Lages, SC. We evaluated the following drive systems: system "V" system "X", espalier system simple and free. The experimental design was randomized blocks with four replicates and each experimental unit consisted of ten plants. It was observed that in two consecutive cycles, the system "X" showed the best results in most of the physico-chemical analysis, when compared with other training systems. We conclude that the physalis fits well the plateau region of Santa Catarina and that regardless of the conduction system used, the plant and tutored under a system of driving, had greater fruit weight, diameter and quality, thereby generating a result with higher commercial value.

Physalis peruviana L.; Training; Management; Cultivation

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