This study aimed to evaluate the influence of fertilizer, irrigation, the incidence sun, the time of collection and the plant in the amount of β-caryophyllene in the essential oil of Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng., Lamiaceae. The plants were grown in experimental beds between the months of December 2006 to September 2007. The substrate was used organic fertilizer (esterco veal), fertilizer mineral 1 [NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium)] and fertilizer mineral 2 (NPK with limestone) under different treatments. The quantitative analytical technique was used to gas chromatography (GC/FID). According to the results obtained in months of lower precipitation of rainfall received are higher yield of essential oil, and the months of highest precipitation of rain showed a trend of low income.
Plectranthus amboinicus; Lamiaceae; seasonality; β-caryophyllen; gas chromatography