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Antinociceptive effect of the ethanolic extract of Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A.C. Sm., Fabaceae, in rodents

Efeito antinociceptivo do extrato etanólico de Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A.C. Sm., Fabaceae, em roedores

The ethanolic extract of the trunk bark of Amburana cearensis (EEA) was examined for its oral (p.o.) analgesic activity at the doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight. In the acetic acid-induced writhing test, the EEA (200 and 400 mg/kg, p.o.) reduced the number of writhing by 33.4% and 40.7%, respectively. Additionally, EEA (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, p.o.) decreased by 77.5%, 79.7 and 91.3%, respectively, the paw liking time in the second phase of the formalin test. Therefore, EEA showed a dose-dependent analgesic effect in formalin test and was effective in reducing writhing in mice.

Amburana cearensis; Fabaceae; antinociceptive activity; medicinal plant

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