The influence of the rich alkaloidal fraction and of the major substance in this fraction, uleine, isolated from the barks of Himatanthus lancifolius (Muell. Arg.) Woodson, Apocynaceae, popularly known as agoniada, on the nitric oxide production in RAEC and B16F10 cells and its correlation with the antioxidant activity, were investigated. For the antioxidant activity the methods of formation of a phosphomolybdenum complex and the reduction of the free radical DPPH were used. The results demonstrated an antioxidant activity of 59.3 ± 0.8% for the alkaloidal fraction, while for uleine the effect was of 0.5 ± 0.1% in the reduction of the phosphomolibdenium method. In the assay of DPPH, the alkaloidal fraction presented IC50 = 196.3 ± 8.9 µg/mL and for uleine, 6475.0 ± 25.0 µg/mL. Uleine also stimulated a maximum nitric oxide production in the concentrations of 0.1 µg/mL (20.9 ± 1.4 µM) and 1 µg/mL (41.1 ± 0.2 µM) using RAEC and B16F10 cells, respectively, demonstrating that the effect of uleine in the cells occurs by promoting the nitric oxide production pathway, but not through a free radical scavenger effect.
Himatanthus lancifolius; Apocynaceae; agoniada; antioxidant; uleine