Protocol analysis with home-based motor intervention for patients with Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review

The regular practice of physical therapy is indicated as a non-pharmacological treatment of Alzheimer's disease by promoting cognitive, behavioral and functional benefits. However, little is known about the protocols with home-based motor intervention for this population. Thinking about it, this review aimed to investigate and analyze the protocols for home-based motor intervention for elderly with Alzheimer's disease described in scientific articles. A systematic search was performed in the following databases: Web of Science, PubMed, PsycINFO, and Scopus, using the following keywords and Boolean operators: "home-based exercise" OR "home-based physical exercise" OR "home-based physical fitness" OR "home-based rehabilitation" OR "home-based physical therapy" OR "home-based physical activity" OR "home-based engine Intervention" and "AD" OR "Alzheimer's disease" OR "Alzheimer " OR "Alzheimer's dementia". We also conducted a manual search of reference lists of selected articles. Of the five articles that met the inclusion criteria adopted, three performed a protocol for home motor intervention, achieving good compliance with the program, improvement of general health and reduction of depressive symptoms. The other two studies were limited to describing the protocols. Although more studies are needed, with detailed protocols, this review allowed to show that protocols for home motor intervention can also produce positive effects for both patients and caregivers.

Physical Exercise; Motor Activity; Residential Treatment; Home Intervention; Alzheimer Disease; Review

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