Obesity prevalence associated with caloric intake, glycemia, and serum lipides in a sample population of elderly adults from Southern Brazil

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of obesity in elderly adults associated with macronutrient consumption, lipid profile, blood glucose and physical activity. METHODS: A cross-sectional-study was made with 304 elderly patients from Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Anthropometric measures of weight and height were used to calculate body mass index (BMI), and lipid profile, blood glucose, daily intake of nutrients, and physical activity were analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity was 30.6%, decreasing with increased age. Obese women had higher frequency of hypertriglyceridemia and these values increased with increasing BMI. In this group, physical activity was lower. Among men, there was higher intake of dietary protein. CONCLUSION: The results show that obesity is an important health problem in Southern Brazil, being influenced by socio-cultural and economic factors that make it difficult to keep a healthy diet. Public policies should be adopted to control that problem, since obesity is a limiting factor for longevity.

Obesity; Aged; Energy Intake; Hematologic Tests

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