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Lifestyle modifications in the polycystic ovary syndrome: role of physical exercise and importance of multidisciplinary approach

George Dantas de Azevedo Eduardo Caldas Costa Maria Thereza Albuquerque Barbosa Cabral Micussi Joceline Cássia Ferezini de Sá About the authors

The polycystic ovaries syndrome (POS) is a heterogeneous endocrinal disorder prevalent in 5 to 10% of women in reproductive age. In POS, there is an association with risk factors linked to the development of cardiovascular disease such as insulin resistance, dislipidemia, diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, endothelial dysfunction, central obesity, metabolic syndrome and chronic pro-inflammatory markers. Physical exercise practice together with nutritional guidance have been recommended as first rate strategies in the treatment of oligomenorrhea, hirsutism, infertility and obesity in POS women. This way, the objective of the present review was to analyze the specific role played by exercise and/or physical activity in changes of the body shape, in biochemical and hormonal plasmatic levels, and in the POS women’s reproductive function.

Exercise; Food and nutrition education; Polycystic ovaries syndrome; Insulin resistance; Cardiovascular diseases

Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia Av. Brigadeiro Luís Antônio, 3421, sala 903 - Jardim Paulista, 01401-001 São Paulo SP - Brasil, Tel. (55 11) 5573-4919 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil