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Frequency of factor V Leiden in individuals under thrombophilia investigation, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

Thrombosis is a multifactorial disease involving genetic and environmental factors and constitutes one of the most common causes of morbimortality. A point mutation in coagulation factor V - factor V Leiden (FVL), constitutes the most prevalent genetic defect associated with thrombophilias. The study of this risk factor is relatively recent in Brazil and only a few reports have been published to date. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of FVL in 292 individuals being investigated for thrombophilia at the Pernambuco State Blood Center. The molecular biology technique used was RE/PCR (Restriction Enzyme / Polymerase Chain Reaction), using specific primers and the MnlI enzyme. The frequency of FVL was 13.3% including 36 heterozygous and 3 homozygous individuals. The presence of the mutation was similar among individuals under and over 45 years old. Our findings are similar to results published for selected patients who suffered from thromboembolism and they confirm the importance of molecular testing at different ages.

Thrombophilia; factor V Leiden; thromboembolism

Associação Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia e Terapia Celular R. Dr. Diogo de Faria, 775 cj 114, 04037-002 São Paulo/SP/Brasil, Tel. (55 11) 2369-7767/2338-6764 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil