Number of chromosomes, microsporogenesis and pollen viability in populations of Hyptis mutabilis (Rich.) Briq.

Hyptis mutabilis is a medicinal species from the Lamiaceae family, with an important phytotherapeutic value. There are no reports neither on chromosomal studies nor meiotic behavior from the Brazilian South with regard to this plant. Mitotic chromosomes, meiotic behavior, and pollen viability were studied in 05 populations of H. mutabilis from Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, using staining with acetic orcein 2%. The populations presented chromosome number 2n = 28, being that in some cells was found 2n = 26 and 32 chromosomes, indicating occurrence of polissomaty. Occurred irregularities on univalent, trivalent, and tetravalent pairing associations, as well as presence of lagging during the disjunction. However, the mitotic index and pollen viability estimative values were high, 71.19 to 92.34% and 83.25 to 96%, respectively.

cytogenetic; microsporogenesis; medicinal plant

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