Nutrients affecting "alecrim-pimenta" (Lippia sidoides Cham.) seedlings and their arthropods

F.W.S. Silva G.L.D. Leite R.E.M. Guanabens E.R. Martins A.L. Matioli L.A. Fernandes About the authors

The aim of this work was to evaluate nutrient omission effect on Lippia sidoides Cham. (Verbenacea) seedlings, as well as its possible effect on their arthropods. Treatments were: 1) control; 2) complete 1: fertilized with N, P, K, S, B, Cu, and Zn + lime (C1); 3) complete 2: C1 without lime + Ca and Mg as sulphate (C2); 4) C1 without lime; 5) C1 without N; 6) C1 without P; 7) C1 without K; 8) C1 without S; 9) C1 without B; 10) C1 without Cu; 11) C1 without Zn; 12) C2 without Ca; and 13) C2 without Mg. The experimental design was completely randomized, with four replicates. Tetranychus sp. (Acari: Tetranychidae) predominantly attacked treatments 3, 6, 9 and 13, and the greatest damages were detected in treatments 6 and 13. The largest population of Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) was observed in treatments 5, 6, 7, 8, 11 and 13, preferentially colonizing treatment 4. Phenacoccus sp. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) was predominant in treatments 4 and 9, and Insignorthezia insignis (Browne) (Hemiptera: Ortheziidae), in treatment 13. Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) adults were mostly detected in treatments 5, 7, 8 and 13, whereas nymphs, in the last three treatments. In general, treatments 1, 5 and 10 are the least attacked by arthropods. When needed, pulverization must always be directed to the leaf lower surface.

medicinal plants; fertilization; insects; mites

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