Markers of endothelial activation and autoantibodies in rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory chronic disease characterized by the production of antibodies and participation of the vascular endothelium in its pathogenesis. OBJECTIVES: to analyze the correlation of serum levels of the intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), von Willebrand factor (vWF), Rheumatoid factor (RF), and anti-cyclic citrulinated peptide (anti-CCP) with clinical, laboratory, and radiological parameters of RA. METHODS: Serum levels of ICAM-1, vWF, RF, and anti-CCP were measured in 38 RA patients and 24 controls. Disease activity was measured by the DAS-28 score and functional capa-city was assessed using the HAQ score. The American College of Rheumatism criteria defined the functional class. Hand and fist X-rays were analyzed using the Sharp's score. Statistical analysis utilized the chi-square, Student's "t", Kolmogorov-Smirnov, and Mann-Whitney tests, as appropriate, as well as the Spearman's correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Age range was from 52 ± 12.5 and 49 ± 9.4 years-old in RA and controls, respectively. Disease duration range was 68 ± 66.6 months. Serum vWF levels had a positive significant correlation to disease evolution, whereas RF and anti-CCP correlated to the Sharp score. Serum vWF and ICAM-1 levels correlated to DAS-28, while only vWF correlated with HAQ and Sharp scores. CONCLUSION: This study shows that RF and anti-CCP autoantibody levels are correlated to disease prognosis rather than activity. Serum vWF levels are positively correlated to both activity and severity parameters of the disease.

rheumatoid arthritis; rheumatoid factor; ICAM-1; anti-CCP; von Willebrand factor

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