Vocational training and workers' mental health awareness: a comparative study in an (un)employment situation

Joaquim Eurico Valentim Oliveira José Fernando Vasconcelos Cabral Pinto Rita Manuela de Almeida Barros About the authors


the present reconfiguration of the labor market arises in the context of new economic, social and historical events, characterized by complexity, uncertainty, unpredictability and acceleration.


given the psychosocial adaptation required by this context, the present study intends to distinguish workers' self-perception concerning their mental health, according to their participation in vocational training programs, whether they are employed or unemployed.


to achieve this purpose we interviewed 210 workers. To evaluate self-perceived mental health, a Portuguese adaptation of the General Health Questionnaire (G.H.Q.-28) was used .


results evidenced significant differences in workers' mental health self-perception. These differences were related to the workers' attendance in vocational programs, with advantage for those attending courses, whether men or women (t=-4.503; p<0.001 and t=-4.737; p<0.001), employed or unemployed (t=-5.551; p<0.001 and t=-2.458; p<0.05). It was also found that the employed workers who continued to join vocational training offers had a significantly more favorable mental health self perception (t=-5.138; p<0.001).


results support the hypothesis that involvement in vocational training activities functions as a protective element for workers' mental health.

labor market; vocational training; mental health

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