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A scoping review of systematic reviews on human exposure to mercury

Luciana Azevedo de Sousa Maria Paula do Amaral Zaitune About the authors



in 2018, the promulgation of the Minamata Convention in Brazil encouraged compliance with its goals of reducing mercury use and pollution.


to characterize the scientific production and identify the knowledge gaps to subsidize decision-making in healthcare on human exposure to mercury.


a scoping review was carried out of systematic reviews and metanalysis, without language and publication date restriction, retrieved from the PubMed, BVS, and Cochrane Library databases.


a total of 71 studies met the eligibility criteria, of which 40 were systematic reviews, 30 meta-analyses, and one overview. Dental amalgam as well as food and environmental contamination by mercury-based activities were the most cited sources of exposure. Most studies focused on mental and behavioral disorders, as well as the use of biomarkers and neurobehavioral tests related to mercury exposure.


knowledge gaps on occupational exposure to mercury, mercury use in both traditional practices and cosmetics point to the need for further studies. The reviews identified could provide data for evidence synthesis and healthcare protocols for affected populations, as well as for elaborating public policies aimed at controlling mercury use and exposure.

mercury; mercury poisoning; chemical products exposure; occupational health; review

Fundação Jorge Duprat Figueiredo de Segurança e Medicina do Trabalho - FUNDACENTRO Rua Capote Valente, 710 , 05409 002 São Paulo/SP Brasil, Tel: (55 11) 3066-6076 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil