Growth indexes of Pennisetum purpureum cv. Roxo cultivated in different seasons under rainfed conditions

Índices de crescimento do Pennisetum purpureum cv. Roxo cultivado em diferentes épocas sob regime de sequeiro

Theyson Duarte MARANHÃO Marcos Neves LOPES Francisco Gleyson da Silveira ALVES Rafael Rodrigues da SILVA Roberto Cláudio Fernandes Franco POMPEU Wesley do Nascimento SOUSA Gabriela Florencio LACERDA Magno José Duarte CÂNDIDO About the authors

ABSTRACT

The objective was to estimate the growth indexes of elephant grass cv. Roxo managed under rainfed conditions in different growing seasons. Seven growth ages (9, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, and 63 days) were evaluated in three growing seasons (rainy, transition and dry). A completely randomised design was adopted, with split-plot arrangement with time repeated measures, with the ages being the plots and the seasons the subplots. Interaction of age x season was observed. The specific leaf area mean was 0.0286 ± 0.0039 during the rainy season. In the transition season, it adjusted to a third-degree polynomial model; in the dry season it declined linearly (0.0003 m2 g-1). The leaf weight ratio adjusted to the third-degree polynomial model in the rainy and dry seasons, and in the transition season it was maximised at 28 DAC (0.694 g g-1). The leaf area ratio continuously declined in the rainy season. In the transition and dry seasons, it adjusted to the third-degree polynomial model. The net assimilation rate presented averages of 3.73 ± 2.50 and 3.63 ± 1.48 g m-2 day-1 in the rainy and transition seasons, respectively. In the dry season, it was minimised at 48.4 days. The relative growth rate mean was 0.0075 ± 0.0037 during the rainy season. In the transition and dry seasons, it adjusted to the third-degree polynomial model. The growth index rates of elephant grass cv. Roxo are modified by growing seasons, and the pattern and magnitude of the response varies throughout the growth cycle.

Keywords:
Elephant grass; net assimilation rate; relative growth rate; seasonality

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