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Yield and nutritional value of shoots and tuberous roots of eight industry cassava genotypes

SUMMARY

In this study we evaluated the yield and nutritional value for ruminants of shoots and roots of eight industry cassava genotypes (BGMC 1304, BGMC 1299, BGMC 1297, BGMC 1262, BGMC 991, BGMC 923, BGMC 788 and BGMC 436), grown at Embrapa Cerrados experimental field in Planaltina-DF (15 ° 35 '30' south latitude, 47 42 '30' west longitude at 1000 m altitude). The shoots of all genotypes were pruned twelve months after planting. Eighteen months after planting shoots and the tuberous roots of each genotype in each plot were harvested. The experimental design was a randomized block with three replications and means were compared by Scott-Knott. There were significant differences among genotypes for shoots and roots dry matter yield (DMI) as well as in terms of nutritional traits, except for potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and copper in shoots and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD), potassium, calcium and magnesium in roots. The BGMC 1304 showed higher yield of shoots (8,554kg ha-1) and mean levels of 44.24% and 12.58% for IVDMD and crude protein (CP), respectively. The BGMC 923 stood out for its higher root yield (17,760kg ha-1) with averages of 86.93% IVDMD and 2.27% CP.

digestibility; minerals; nutritional assessment; ruminants

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