Ruminal parameters and ruminal degradability of feedlot sheep fed safflower grains

Parâmetros ruminais e degradabilidade ruminal de ovinos alimentados com grãos de cártamo em confinamento

Jefferson Leonardo Rocha Alves Rafael Henrique de Tonissi e Buschinelli de Goes Antônio Campanha Martinez Aguinaldo Yoshio Nakamura Jefferson Rodrigues Gandra Luiz Carlos Ferreira de Souza About the authors

SUMMARY

This study aimed to evaluate the rumen degradability of dry matter (DM), disappearance of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) of Tifton 85 hay, and fermentation parameters (pH and ruminal ammonia nitrogen) of sheep fed diets with inclusion of safflower grains (0, 7.50 and 15%). Three mixed breed lambs with average body weight of 35.50± 1.50 kg were used. The rumen degradability of dry matter and NDF of the Tifton 85 haywas analyzedby the disappearance of DM and NDF, and the kinetic parameters adjusted according to the first order asymptotic model. The samples were incubated in the rumen in descending order (96, 48, 24, 12, 6, 3, 0 hours). The determination of ruminal pH and ruminal ammonia nitrogen (RAN) was performed before feeding and 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours after feeding. Data of ruminal fermentation were tested by analysis of variance with repeated measures in time, at 5% probability. Ruminal pH values were not statistically different. When evaluating the RAN, there was a significant difference between the times and treatments for the diet with 15% safflower. The diets presented low effective degradability of DM and NDF with mean values of 18.02% and 47.40%, respectively. The safflower grain can be used up to 7.50% in the diets without altering the degradability and ruminal fermentation.

Keywords:
Carthamus tinctorius; degradation kinetics; chemical composition; oilseeds; ruminants

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