Efeito da densidade populacional sobre as curvas de crescimento de Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) em cultivo semi-intensivo (Crustacea, Palaemonidae)

The effect of stocking density on Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) growth curves in earthen ponds (Crustacea, Palaemonidae)

Resumo

In this article the length growth curves of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) held in different population densities were analysed. Postlarvae prawns were stocked into five 0,02 ha earthen ponds at densities of 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 ind./m² during six months. Forthnightly, the mean total length of animals from each pond were obtained by means of random samples. For each population the length growth curves and the instantaneous growth rate expressions were determined. The growth rate and the asymptotic maximum length decreased with the stocking density raised. This effect is greater when the density ranges in low levels. The growth decrease can be due to intraspecific competition for life resources and to negative interactions between individuals, as aggressive or social behavior, that increase with the increase prawns density.

Crustacea; Palaemonidae; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; ecology


Crustacea; Palaemonidae; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; ecology

Efeito da densidade populacional sobre as curvas de crescimento de Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) em cultivo semi-intensivo (Crustacea, Palaemonidae)1 1 Trabalho financiado pela FAPESP

The effect of stocking density on Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) growth curves in earthen ponds (Crustacea, Palaemonidae)

Wagner Cotroni ValentiI; Jeanette de Toledo Cardoso de MelloII; Newton CastagnolliI

IDepartamento de Biologia Aplicada, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 14870-000 Jaboticabal, São Paulo, Brasil

IIInstituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, Caixa Postal 11461, 05422-970 São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil

ABSTRACT

In this article the length growth curves of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) held in different population densities were analysed. Postlarvae prawns were stocked into five 0,02 ha earthen ponds at densities of 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 ind./m2 during six months. Forthnightly, the mean total length of animals from each pond were obtained by means of random samples. For each population the length growth curves and the instantaneous growth rate expressions were determined. The growth rate and the asymptotic maximum length decreased with the stocking density raised. This effect is greater when the density ranges in low levels. The growth decrease can be due to intraspecific competition for life resources and to negative interactions between individuals, as aggressive or social behavior, that increase with the increase prawns density.

Key words: Crustacea, Palaemonidae, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, ecology

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AGRADECIMENTOS. Ao Prof. Dr. Edison Pereira dos Santos por ter autorizado a utilização do programa computacional "CAJUS" de sua autoria, bem como pelas sugestões apresentadas ao longo do desenvolvimento deste trabalho.

REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS

Backiel, T. & E.D. LE Creen. 1978. Some density relationships for fish populations parameters, p. 279-302. In: S.D. Gerking (ed.). Ecology of freshwater fish production. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Bagenal, T.B. 1978. Methods for assessment of fish production in freshwaters. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 3th ed., 365p.

Bertalanffy, L. von. 1938. A quantitative theory of organic growth. Hum. Biol., Baltimore, 10:181-213.

Beverton, R.J.H. & S.J. Holt. 1957. On the dynamics of exploited fish population. Fishery Invest. Lond., Ser. 2, 19:1-533.

Brody, T.; D. Cohen; A. Barnes & A. Spector 1980. Yield characteristics of the prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii in temperate zone aquaculture. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, 21:375-85.

Coelho, P.A.; M. Ramos-Porto & C.M.A. Soares 1982. Biologia e cultivo de camarões de água doce. Série Aquicultura, v. 1, Centro de Tecnologia, Departamento de Oceanografia. Recife, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 53p.

Cohen, D.; Z. Ra'Anan & T. Brody 1981. Population profile development and morphotypic differentiation in the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man). Journ. World Mariculture Soc. 12 (2):231-43.

Cohen, D.; Z. Ra'Anan; V. Rappaport & Y. Arieli 1983. The production of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) in Israel: Improved conditions for intensive monoculture. Bamidgeh, Nir-David, 35 (2):31-7.

Guest, W.C. 1979. Laboratory life history of the palaemonid shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller) (Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Crustaceana, Leiden, 37 (2):141-52.

Hartnoll, R.G. 1982. Growth, p. 111-196. In: D.E. Bliss (ed.). The Biology of Crustacea, Embriology, Morphology and Genetics. New York, Academic Press., v. 2.

Karplus, I.; G. Hulata; G.W. Wohlfarth & A. Halevy. 1986. The effect of density of Macrobrachium rosenbergii raised in earthen ponds on their population structure and weight distribution. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, 52:307-20.

Krebs, C.J. 1972. Ecology: The experimental analysis of distribuition and abundance. New York, Harper & Row., 694p.

Kuris; A.M.; Z. Ra'Anan; A. Sagi & D. Cohen. 1987. Morphotypic differentiation of male malaysian giant prawns Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Journ. Crust. Biol., Woods Hole, 7 (2):219-37.

Ling, S.W. 1969. The general biology and development of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man). FAO Fish. Rep., Rome, 3 (57):589-606.

Mauchline, J. 1977. Growth of shrimps, crabs and lobsters: an assessment. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer., Copenhague, 37 (2):162-9.

New, M.B. & S. Singholka 1985. Freshwater prawn farming. A manual for the culture of Macrobrachium rosenbergii. FAO Fish. Tec. Pap., Rome, 225:116p.

Nikolskii, G.V. 1969. Theory of fish population dynamics as the biological background for rational exploitation and management of fishery resources. Edimbug, Oliver & Boyd., 323p.

Pauly, D. 1980. A selection of simple methods for the assessment of tropical fish stocks. FAO Fish. Circ., Rome, 729:54p.

Peebles, J.B. 1979a. Molting, movement, and dispersion in the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 36:1080-8.

______. 1979b. The roles of prior residence and relative size in competition for shelter by the malaysian prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Fish. Bull., Miami, 76 (4):173-80.

Peret, A.C. 1980. Aspectos da influência da densidade populacional em cultivo intensivo com curimatã comum Prochilodus cearensis Steindachner (Characidae - Prochilodinae). Tese de Mestrado, não publicada, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, 87p.

Rouse, D.B. & R.R. Stickney. 1982. Evaluation of the production potential of Macrobrachium rosenbergii in monoculture and polyculture with Tilapia aurea. Journ. World Mariculture Soc. 13:73-85.

Sagi, A. & Z. Ra'Anan. 1988. Morphotypic differentiation of males of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii: changes in the midgut glands and the reproductive system. Journ. Crust. Biol., Woods Hole, 8 (1):43-7.

Sandifer, P.A. & T.I.J. Smith 1975. Effects of population density on growth and survival of Macrobrachium rosenbergii reared in recirculating water management systems. Proc. World Maric. Soc. 6:43-54.

______. 1985. Freshwater prawns. In: Huner, J.V. & E.E. Brown (ed.). Crustacean and Mollusk Aquaculture in the United States. Connecticut, AVI Publishing, 476p.

Schroeder, G.L. 1983. Sources of fish and prawn growth in polyculture ponds as indicated by C analysis. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, 35:29-42.

Smith, T.I.J.; P.A. Sandifer & W.E. Jenkins. 1982. Pond rearing trials with malaysian prawns, Macrobrachium rosenbergii by private growers in South Carolina, 1981. Journ. World Mariculture Soc. 13:41-55

Smith, T.I.J.; P.A. Sandifer; W.E. Jenkins & A.D. Stokes. 1981. Effect of population structure and density of prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) farming in temperate climates. Journ. World Mariculture Soc. 12 (1):233-50.

Valenti, W.C. 1984. Estudo Populacional dos Camarões de Água Doce Macrobrachium acanthurus (Wiegmann, 1836) e Macrobrachium carcinus (Linnaeus, 1758) do Rio Ribeira de Iguape (Crustacea, Palaemonidae). Tese de Mestrado, não publicada, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, 149p.

______. 1985. Cultivo de Camaroes de Água Doce. São Paulo, Nobel. 82p.

______. 1990. Criação de Camaroes de Água Doce (Macrobrachium rosenbergii). Anais da 27ª Reunião anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia e 12ª Reunião da Associação Latino-americana de Produção Animal, Campinas, p. 757-785.

______. (no prelo). Current status of freshwater prawn farming in Brasil. Proceedings of the National Symposium on Freshwater Prawns (Macrobrachium sp.). Cochin, India.

Valenti, W.C; J.T.C. Mello & V.L. Lobão. 1987. Crescimento de Macrobrachium acanthurus (Wiegmann, 1836) do Rio Ribeira de Iguape (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Revta Bras. Biol., Rio de Janeiro, 47 (3):349-55.

Walford, L.A. 1946. A new grafic method of discribing the growth of animals. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. lab., Hoods Hole, 90 (2):141-7.

Willis, A. & E. Berrigan 1977. Growth of the malaysian prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii in the earthen ponds in the central Flórida. Completion Report for NOAA-NMFS, PL 88-309 project.

Recebido em 30.IX.1991; aceito em 25.XI.1993.

  • Backiel, T. & E.D. LE Creen. 1978. Some density relationships for fish populations parameters, p. 279-302. In: S.D. Gerking (ed.). Ecology of freshwater fish production. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications.
  • Bagenal, T.B. 1978. Methods for assessment of fish production in freshwaters. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 3th ed., 365p.
  • Bertalanffy, L. von. 1938. A quantitative theory of organic growth. Hum. Biol., Baltimore, 10:181-213.
  • Beverton, R.J.H. & S.J. Holt. 1957. On the dynamics of exploited fish population. Fishery Invest. Lond., Ser. 2, 19:1-533.
  • Brody, T.; D. Cohen; A. Barnes & A. Spector 1980. Yield characteristics of the prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii in temperate zone aquaculture. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, 21:375-85.
  • Coelho, P.A.; M. Ramos-Porto & C.M.A. Soares 1982. Biologia e cultivo de camarões de água doce. Série Aquicultura, v. 1, Centro de Tecnologia, Departamento de Oceanografia. Recife, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 53p.
  • Cohen, D.; Z. Ra'Anan & T. Brody 1981. Population profile development and morphotypic differentiation in the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man). Journ. World Mariculture Soc. 12 (2):231-43.
  • Cohen, D.; Z. Ra'Anan; V. Rappaport & Y. Arieli 1983. The production of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) in Israel: Improved conditions for intensive monoculture. Bamidgeh, Nir-David, 35 (2):31-7.
  • Guest, W.C. 1979. Laboratory life history of the palaemonid shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller) (Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Crustaceana, Leiden, 37 (2):141-52.
  • Hartnoll, R.G. 1982. Growth, p. 111-196. In: D.E. Bliss (ed.). The Biology of Crustacea, Embriology, Morphology and Genetics. New York, Academic Press., v. 2.
  • Karplus, I.; G. Hulata; G.W. Wohlfarth & A. Halevy. 1986. The effect of density of Macrobrachium rosenbergii raised in earthen ponds on their population structure and weight distribution. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, 52:307-20.
  • Krebs, C.J. 1972. Ecology: The experimental analysis of distribuition and abundance. New York, Harper & Row., 694p.
  • Kuris; A.M.; Z. Ra'Anan; A. Sagi & D. Cohen. 1987. Morphotypic differentiation of male malaysian giant prawns Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Journ. Crust. Biol., Woods Hole, 7 (2):219-37.
  • Ling, S.W. 1969. The general biology and development of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man). FAO Fish. Rep., Rome, 3 (57):589-606.
  • Mauchline, J. 1977. Growth of shrimps, crabs and lobsters: an assessment. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer., Copenhague, 37 (2):162-9.
  • New, M.B. & S. Singholka 1985. Freshwater prawn farming. A manual for the culture of Macrobrachium rosenbergii. FAO Fish. Tec. Pap., Rome, 225:116p.
  • Nikolskii, G.V. 1969. Theory of fish population dynamics as the biological background for rational exploitation and management of fishery resources. Edimbug, Oliver & Boyd., 323p.
  • Pauly, D. 1980. A selection of simple methods for the assessment of tropical fish stocks. FAO Fish. Circ., Rome, 729:54p.
  • Peebles, J.B. 1979a. Molting, movement, and dispersion in the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 36:1080-8.
  • ______. 1979b. The roles of prior residence and relative size in competition for shelter by the malaysian prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Fish. Bull., Miami, 76 (4):173-80.
  • Peret, A.C. 1980. Aspectos da influência da densidade populacional em cultivo intensivo com curimatã comum Prochilodus cearensis Steindachner (Characidae - Prochilodinae). Tese de Mestrado, não publicada, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, 87p.
  • Rouse, D.B. & R.R. Stickney. 1982. Evaluation of the production potential of Macrobrachium rosenbergii in monoculture and polyculture with Tilapia aurea. Journ. World Mariculture Soc. 13:73-85.
  • Sagi, A. & Z. Ra'Anan. 1988. Morphotypic differentiation of males of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii: changes in the midgut glands and the reproductive system. Journ. Crust. Biol., Woods Hole, 8 (1):43-7.
  • Sandifer, P.A. & T.I.J. Smith 1975. Effects of population density on growth and survival of Macrobrachium rosenbergii reared in recirculating water management systems. Proc. World Maric. Soc. 6:43-54.
  • ______. 1985. Freshwater prawns. In: Huner, J.V. & E.E. Brown (ed.). Crustacean and Mollusk Aquaculture in the United States. Connecticut, AVI Publishing, 476p.
  • Schroeder, G.L. 1983. Sources of fish and prawn growth in polyculture ponds as indicated by C analysis. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, 35:29-42.
  • Smith, T.I.J.; P.A. Sandifer & W.E. Jenkins. 1982. Pond rearing trials with malaysian prawns, Macrobrachium rosenbergii by private growers in South Carolina, 1981. Journ. World Mariculture Soc. 13:41-55
  • Smith, T.I.J.; P.A. Sandifer; W.E. Jenkins & A.D. Stokes. 1981. Effect of population structure and density of prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) farming in temperate climates. Journ. World Mariculture Soc. 12 (1):233-50.
  • Valenti, W.C. 1984. Estudo Populacional dos Camarões de Água Doce Macrobrachium acanthurus (Wiegmann, 1836) e Macrobrachium carcinus (Linnaeus, 1758) do Rio Ribeira de Iguape (Crustacea, Palaemonidae). Tese de Mestrado, não publicada, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, 149p.
  • ______. 1985. Cultivo de Camaroes de Água Doce. São Paulo, Nobel. 82p.
  • ______. 1990. Criação de Camaroes de Água Doce (Macrobrachium rosenbergii). Anais da 27ª Reunião anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia e 12ª Reunião da Associação Latino-americana de Produção Animal, Campinas, p. 757-785.
  • ______. (no prelo). Current status of freshwater prawn farming in Brasil. Proceedings of the National Symposium on Freshwater Prawns (Macrobrachium sp.). Cochin, India.
  • Valenti, W.C; J.T.C. Mello & V.L. Lobão. 1987. Crescimento de Macrobrachium acanthurus (Wiegmann, 1836) do Rio Ribeira de Iguape (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Revta Bras. Biol., Rio de Janeiro, 47 (3):349-55.
  • Walford, L.A. 1946. A new grafic method of discribing the growth of animals. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. lab., Hoods Hole, 90 (2):141-7.
  • Willis, A. & E. Berrigan 1977. Growth of the malaysian prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii in the earthen ponds in the central Flórida. Completion Report for NOAA-NMFS, PL 88-309 project.

  • 1
    Trabalho financiado pela FAPESP

Datas de Publicação

  • Publicação nesta coleção
    27 Jul 2009
  • Data do Fascículo
    1993

Histórico

  • Aceito
    25 Nov 1993
  • Recebido
    30 Set 1991
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