Diversidade de ácaros (Acari, Arachnida) em seringueiras (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg., Euphorbiaceae) na região noroeste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil

Mites diversity (Acari, Arachnida) from rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg., Euphorbiaceae) in Northwestern of São Paulo State, Brazil

Resumo

The mites of three rubber tree cultures (Cedral, Pindorama and Taquaritinga) in order to determine the abundance of populations, the richness, the diversity and the degree of similarity among the communities was studied. Twenty one species were found, five of which were common to the three cultures. The richness and the abundance were greatest at the beginning of the dry season. The composition of communities differed probably as consequence of the kind of neighboring vegetation to each area, and because of the acaricid pulverization on the culture of Taquaritinga, reductng the richness of mite species in that area. The influence of neighboring vegetation can be shown by the occurrence of Iphiseiodes zuluagui Denmark & Muma, 1972, a common species to citrus trees, on neighboring rubber trees in Taquaritinga, and Tenuipalpus heveae Baker, 1945, a common species on rubber trees, on a coffee culture neighbor to the rubber trees of Pindorama. This data suggests that mites move among neighbor cultures, and can be an importam factor towards pest management and control. The diversity was small on the three cultures, as a result of the occurrence of one dominam species on each area, Calacarus heveae Feres, 1992 or T. heveae, which are considered pests of the rubber tree. The small diversity and the occurrence of dominant species are patterns expected in monocultures, systems with small environmental heterogeneity.

Acari; mites; Hevea brasiliensis; rubber three; biodiversity; Brazil


Acari; mites; Hevea brasiliensis; rubber three; biodiversity; Brazil

Diversidade de ácaros (Acari, Arachnida) em seringueiras (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg., Euphorbiaceae) na região noroeste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil1 1 ) Parte do Programa BIOTA/FAPESP ( www.biota.org.br).

Mites diversity (Acari, Arachnida) from rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg., Euphorbiaceae) in Northwestern of São Paulo State, Brazil

Reinaldo J.F. FeresI; Denise de C. Rossa-FeresI; Rodrigo D. DaudI,II; Rodrigo S. SantosI,III

IDepartamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Universidade Estadual Paulista. Rua Cristóvão Colombo 2265, Jardim Nazareth, 15054-000 São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brasil. E-mail: reinaldo@zoo.ibilce.unesp.br

IIBolsista de Treinamento Técnico (TT-III) Fapesp

IIIBolsista de Iniciação Científica Fapesp

ABSTRACT

The mites of three rubber tree cultures (Cedral, Pindorama and Taquaritinga) in order to determine the abundance of populations, the richness, the diversity and the degree of similarity among the communities was studied. Twenty one species were found, five of which were common to the three cultures. The richness and the abundance were greatest at the beginning of the dry season. The composition of communities differed probably as consequence of the kind of neighboring vegetation to each area, and because of the acaricid pulverization on the culture of Taquaritinga, reductng the richness of mite species in that area. The influence of neighboring vegetation can be shown by the occurrence of Iphiseiodes zuluagui Denmark & Muma, 1972, a common species to citrus trees, on neighboring rubber trees in Taquaritinga, and Tenuipalpus heveae Baker, 1945, a common species on rubber trees, on a coffee culture neighbor to the rubber trees of Pindorama. This data suggests that mites move among neighbor cultures, and can be an importam factor towards pest management and control. The diversity was small on the three cultures, as a result of the occurrence of one dominam species on each area, Calacarus heveae Feres, 1992 or T. heveae, which are considered pests of the rubber tree. The small diversity and the occurrence of dominant species are patterns expected in monocultures, systems with small environmental heterogeneity.

Key words: Acari, mites, Hevea brasiliensis, rubber three, biodiversity, Brazil

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AGRADECIMENTOS. Ao Eng. Agr. José Fernando Canuto Benesi, Diretor Técnico da Associação Paulista dos Produtores e Beneficiadores de Borracha (APABOR), pelas informações prestadas sobre infestações de

T. heveae

em Barretos, São Paulo e Goianésia, Goiás; ao Eng. Agr. Fernando Tadeu dei Grossi, pelas informações a respeito do controle químico nos cultivos da Fazenda São José, Taquaritinga, São Paulo; ao Prof. Dr. Francisco Langeani Neto, Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, UNESP - São José do Rio Preto, pela correção do abstract.

Recebido em 08.VI.2001; aceito em 08.II.2002.

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Datas de Publicação

  • Publicação nesta coleção
    19 Maio 2009
  • Data do Fascículo
    Mar 2002

Histórico

  • Aceito
    08 Fev 2002
  • Recebido
    08 Jun 2001
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