BACKGROUND: to evaluate as AP is managed by the Brazilian surgeon. METHODS: A questionnaire has been sent to 2,000 members of the Brazilian College of Surgeons, with 618 (30.9%) answers obtained. The questionnaire consisted of questions related to the experience of the surgeon and in particular to the treatment of AP. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-two interviewed (33.6%) answered to treat up to five cases per year and 147 (27.2%) treat six to ten cases per year. The most cited criteria used for the definition of severe AP was clinical evaluation for 306 (57.4%) interviewed, followed by the Ranson criteria for 294 (55.2%) and CT scan for 262 (49.2%). Regarding the use of CT, 275 (51.5%) interviewed answered that make use of CT scan for all patients with AP. The parenteral nutritional support was the method of choice indicated for 248 (46.6%) interviewed. The infection of fluid collection and/or pancreatic necrosis was the main reason for surgical treatment with 447 (83.6%) answers. The optimum period to operate a patient with severe AP was considered up to seven days for 278 (54.2%) interviewed. With relation to antibiotics, 371 (68.6%) said that they use antibiotics in the treatment of severe AP. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate a wide variation in the treatment of AP in Brazil. Little experience of the surgeons and controversial issues are the main factors responsible for this lack of standardization. A national Consensus based on new concepts and worldwide experience is crucial to adjust these thoughts.
Pancreatitis; Acute disease; Treatment; Consensus; Physician's practice patterns