BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:
Central sensitization is an important phenomenon for pain chronicity and is present in neuropathic pain. This study aimed at addressing some pathophysiological aspects of this phenomenon.
Some extra and intracellular aspects responsible for central sensitization genesis, especially phenotypic changes in plasticity of neurons involved in the process are described.
Pain chronicity may result from changes in central nervous system neurons properties by the central sensitization phenomenon with constant changes in membrane excitability, inhibitory transmission reduction and increase in synaptic efficacy mediated by several convergent and divergent molecular mechanisms over a background of phenotypic and structural changes. Neuroplasticity deeply alters painful sensation, contributing for many clinical painful syndromes and may represent a major target for therapeutic intervention.
Central sensitization; Ionophores; Neural plasticity; Neuropathic pain