Implications of self-reported fragility on the quality of life of older adults: a cross-sectional study

Implicaciones de la fragilidad auto declarada en la calidad de vida de adultos mayores: estudio transversal

Edison Vitório de Souza Júnior Diego Pires Cruz Cristiane dos Santos Silva Randson Souza Rosa Lais Reis Siqueira Namie Okino Sawada About the authors

ABSTRACT

Objective:

To analyze the association between self-reported fragility and quality of life in older adults.

Method:

Cross-sectional study carried out with Brazilian older adults between July and October 2020. Three instruments were applied to obtain bio sociodemographic, frailty data and quality of life. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test, Pearson correlation and multivariate linear regression, adopting a 95% confidence interval (p < 0.05).

Results:

A total of 662 older adults participated. All facets of quality of life were significantly and negatively correlated with reduced strength, reduced walking speed, low physical activity, and reported fatigue, with the exception of weight loss. In the regression analysis, different frailty components were associated with quality of life, but all had a negative relationship.

Conclusion:

Self-reported frailty has a negative relationship with quality of life, that is, the increase in the frailty scale implies a reduction of different magnitudes in the quality of life of older adults.

DESCRIPTORS
Frail Elderly; Quality of Life; Geriatric Nursing; Health of the Elderly; Family Health Strategy

Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem Av. Dr. Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar, 419 , 05403-000 São Paulo - SP/ Brasil, Tel./Fax: (55 11) 3061-7553, - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: reeusp@usp.br