Healthcare profile of rabies pre-exposure prophylaxis in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 2007-2014

Roberta Silva Silveira da Mota Luiz Filipe Damé Schuch Dóris Gómez Marcos Schuch Christieli Prestes Osmari Tássia Gomes Guimarães About the authors

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

to describe the profile of healthcare provision regarding rabies pre-exposure prophylaxis (RPrEP) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, as compared with the Technical Standards for Rabies Prophylaxis in Humans.

METHODS:

this was a descriptive study using Notifiable Disease Information System data on anti-rabies healthcare provided between 2007 and 2014.

RESULTS:

only 2.4% of anti-rabies healthcare related to RPrEP (5,721/239,245), 42.5% of these were veterinary, biology and zootechnics students and 10.3% were professionals from the same areas; individuals aged 20 to 64 accounted for 71.8% of the total number of people vaccinated and the frequency of this form of prophylaxis was 53.5/100,000 inhabitants for the state as a whole, varying between 13.1 to 185.1/100,000 inhabitants in the state's different health districts.

CONCLUSION:

RPrEP frequency was found to be low, suggesting that this rabies prevention tool has been neglected, leaving a large number of people at occupational risk.

Key words:
Rabies; Rabies Vaccines; Occupational Health; Epidemiology, Descriptive.

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