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Cell and humoral immunity in endemic pemphigus foliaceus

Imunidade humoral e celular no pênfigo foliáceo endêmico

Silvia Regina C. Sartori Barravieira Neuza Lima Dillon Maria Tereza Rezkallah-Iwasso Maria Terezinha Serrão Peraçoli Paulo Roberto Curi Dinah Borges de Almeida About the authors

A study was conducted on 16 patients with pemphigus foliaceus, ten of them with the localized form (group G1) and six with the disseminated form (group G2). These patients were submitted to full blood counts, quantitation of mononuclear cell subpopulations by monoclonal antibodies, study of blastic lymphocyte transformation, and quantitation of circulating antibodies by the indirect immunofluorescence test, in order to correlate their clinical signs and symptoms and laboratory data with their immunological profile, and to determine the relationship between circulating autoantibody titers and lesion intensity and course of lesions under treatment. Leucocytosis was observed especially in group G2. All patients showed decreased relative CD3+ and CD4+ values and a tendency to decreased relative values of the CD8+ subpopulation. Blastic lymphocyte transformation indices in the presence of phytohemagglutinin were higher in patients (group G1+G2) than in controls. The indirect immunofluorescence test was positive in 100% of G2 patients and in 80% of G1 patients. The median value for the titers was higher in group G2 than in group G1. Analysis of the results as a whole permits us to conclude that cell immunity was preserved and that there was a relationship between antibody titers detected by the direct immunofluorescence test and extent of skin lesions.

Endemic pemphigus foliaceus; Cell immunity; Humoral immunity; Fogo Selvagem

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