Meat consumption among Southern Brazilian adolescents

OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the consumption frequency of various meats according to sociodemographic and nutritional variables and analyzed the consumption of high-fat diets according to type of meat by southern Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included the 1993 birth cohort from Pelotas (RS). The consumption frequency of red, white and organ meats and sausage were investigated by a food frequency questionnaire adapted for this study. Dietary fat content was determined as proposed by Block. The independent variables were gender, skin color, socioeconomic level, maternal education level and nutritional status. The statistical analyses included the Chi-square linear tendency test and the Chi-square test of homogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 4,325 adolescents with a mean age of 14.7 years, SD=0.3 years, were assessed, of which 51.2% were females. Red meat was consumed more frequently daily than white meat (43.0% and 9.7%, respectively). Sausage consumption frequency greater than 4 times per week was reported by 48.5% of the sample, and 81.4% reported to consume organ meats rarely or never. Adolescents of higher socioeconomic levels and of mothers with higher education levels consumed more red meats and sausages, while those in the opposite situation consumed more white meats. Adolescents who consumed meats more frequently also consumed a high-fat diet. CONCLUSION: Red meats and sausages were the meats most frequently consumed by the study adolescents. However, adolescents of higher socioeconomic levels consumed red meats more often, while those of lower socioeconomic levels consumed white meats more often.

Adolescents; Meat; Food consumption

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