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Comparison of preparation time and ability to maintain canal morphology in curved canals: Pathfile + Protaper Universal versus Twisted Files

INTRODUCTION: Nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments reduce procedural errors and the time required for root canal preparation. The aim of this study was to compare two rotary NiTi instrumentation systems-Pathfile + ProTaper Universal versus Twisted Files-as to their ability to maintain original canal morphology and the time they require to prepare curved root canals. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The mesial canals of 32 human mandibular molars (with curvature angles between 20 and 40 degrees) were selected for the study, and divided at random into two groups of 16 canals each. The canals were prepared by an endodontist using either the combination of Pathfile and ProTaper Universal instruments (Group PT) or Twisted Files (Group TF). The double digital radiograph technique, pre- and post-instrumentation, was used by three endodontists to assess whether apical transportation and/or aberration in root canal morphology occurred. The initial and final images of the root canals were compared by superimposition through computerized analysis and with the aid of magnification. The odds ratio test was used to compare root canal morphology preservation, and ANOVA complemented by Tukey's test was used to compare preparation times. The significance level was set at 5%. RESULT: Deviation in root canal trajectory occurred in both groups, although the differences were not significant. The preparation time required by the Pathfile + ProTaper Universal combination was significantly longer than that required by the Twisted Files system. CONCLUSION: Both systems showed similar performances regarding the ability to maintain original root canal morphology; however, the preparation time required by the Twisted Files system was shorter

Endodontics; root canal therapy; instrumentation; radiography

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