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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo), Volume: 48, Issue: 5, Published: 2021
  • Relationship between oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene polymorphism and obsessive compulsive disorder in Chinese Han Original Article

    Wang, Dandan; Liu, Wei

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Recent research has shown that genetic variations in the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) may be related to variations in subtypes of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We aimed to explore the relationship between different subtypes of OCD and the genetic variation between rs1316193 and rs4686301 of the OXTR. In this case-control study, 92 OCD patients and 92 healthy controls were included in the OCD and control groups, respectively. The Y-BOCS scale was used to assess the severity of the OCD symptoms. The fasting peripheral blood samples were collected to extract DNA. rs4686301 and rs13316193 were genotyped using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis techniques. Whether the gene frequency of the locus and the distribution of allele frequency were related to OCD were further study by TaqMan allele typing. The rs4686301 locus differed significantly between behavior and control groups. The genotype frequency and allele frequency at the rs4686301 locus were statistically significant between behavior and control groups (P<0.05). There was significant difference in the genotype frequency at the rs13316193 locus between behavior and control groups (P<0.05). The rs4686301 polymorphism of the OXTR may affect the clinical subtype of OCD. The rs13316193 polymorphism of the OXTR may be a risk factor for obsessive-compulsive behavior.
  • The prevalence and risk factors for anxiety in frontline nurses under COVID-19 pandemic based on a large cross-sectional study using the propensity score-matched method Original Article

    Dai, Xiaoling; Zhao, Qingyun; Li, Jia; Pan, Chunyu

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Introduction: We determined the prevalence of anxiety and the associated risk factors in frontline nurses under COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from February 20, 2020, to March 20, 2020, and involved 562 frontline nurses. The effective response rate was 87.68%. After propensity score matched, there were 532 participants left. Extensive characteristics, including demographics, dietary habits, life-related factors, work-related factors, and psychological factors were collected based on a self-reported questionnaire. Specific scales measured the levels of sleep quality, physical activity, anxiety, perceived organization support and psychological capital. Adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were determined by binary paired logistic regression. Results: Of the nurses enrolled in the study, 33.60% had anxiety. Five independent risk factors were identified for anxiety: poor sleep quality (OR=1.235), experienced major events (OR=1.653), lower resilience and optimism of psychological capital (OR=0.906, and OR=0.909) and no visiting friend constantly (OR=0.629). Conclusions: This study revealed a considerable high prevalence of anxiety in frontline nurses during the COVID-19 outbreak, and identified five risk factors, which were poor sleep quality, experienced major events, lower resilience and optimism of psychological capital, and no visiting friend constantly. Protecting mental health of nurses is important for COVID-19 pandemic control and their wellbeing. These findings enrich the existing theoretical model of anxiety and demonstrated a critical need for additional strategies that could address the mental health in frontline nurses for policymakers.
  • Absence of an association between serum interleukin-6 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in drug-naïve first-episode major depression Original Article

    Yoshimura, Reiji; Okamoto, Naomichi; Kinishi, Yuki; Ikenouchi, Atsuko

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Peripheral and central cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels play an important role in the pathophysiology of major depression (MD). We investigated the association between serum levels of IL-6 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in drug-naïve, first-episode patients with MD. This study included 28 patients (male/female: 11/17; mean [standard deviation] age, 46.7 [11.9] years) who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria for MD without any physical diseases. We evaluated the severity of depression using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression. No associations were found between serum levels of IL-6 and BDNF (r=-0.102, P =0.605). These results suggest that IL-6 does not influence BDNF and vice versa, but both act in a peripheral manner.
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