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Malaria in region of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, 1980 to 1994

According to epidemiological data, from 1980 to 1994, 2,781 cases of malaria were registered as follows: DIR XII - Campinas (49.3%), DIR XV - Piracicaba (41.3%) and DIR XX - São João da Boa Vista (9.4%). The Plasmodium vivax was found in 70.6% of the patients; Plasmodium falciparum in 25.4% and 4% of the patients presented a mixed infection. The epidemiological classification showed that 95% of the cases came from the States of RondÙnia, Mato Grosso and Par·. The masculine sex, between the age of 20 to 39 years old, was responsible for 84.3% of the confirmed cases. During the study period, 9 cases of induced malaria were registered: 5 of which through blood transfusion, 3 through the sharing of syringes and infected needles among drug users and one occurrence of congenital malaria. 5 deaths were registered in patients prime-infected by Plasmodium falciparum with late diagnosis. The set of variables studied enabled a greater understanding of the epidemiology of malaria in the region and to subsidize and indicate the process of decentralization of attendance, diagnosis and treatment of the patient, as well as the control and epidemiological surveillance of the endemic disease in Campinas region and in the State of São Paulo.

Malaria; Epidemiology; Epidemiological surveillance

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