Trajectories policies and electoral chances: analyzing the "gender" among candidates 2010

Clara Maria de Oliveira Araújo Doriam Borges About the authors

This article presents the main results of a survey of candidates to Parliament, conducted within the research developed by the Consortium Bertha Lutz during the 2010 elections. It examines dimensions such as political trajectories and electoral strategies, resources and difficulties campaigns. The objective is to identify how gender is presented in possible intervening variables in these profiles. For this work we used two data sources: a survey sampling based on a structured questionnaire consisting questions regarding various individual and institutional dimensions, applied to Congress candidates in 14 states, and the data provided by applicants to the Superior Electoral Court . The statistical analysis for verification of hypotheses based on the Cluster Analysis. The results indicate that being male is associated with being or have already been parliamentary, be trying to re-election, have a reasonable time of political, owning militancy and have invested large resources in the election campaign. On the other hand, for a woman to have a campaign promising she should have a good political career and being inserted into social networking strategies. Based on the data, it is concluded that the strategy to achieve gender equality in Congress should follow these points: the parties, through consolidation of party experience, job positions public political forms of association and / or militancy and structuring networks or personal representative and, above all, availability of financial resources, or through personal networks and donations. The election process would therefore a result of a preceding filter even recruitment. Profiles elected, whether men or women, are similar, but as far as men are widely majority among the elect, we can say that these profiles are the result of a structure still marked by inequalities and values differentiated by gender.

gender; election; inequality; policy

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