Assessment of organizational culture types in Gaza Strip hospitals

Abstract

The aim of the study was to describe the organizational culture types and their dimensions at the governmental and non-governmental hospitals in the Gaza Strip of Palestine. It was a descriptive cross-sectional study that involved 400 participants of the governmental and non-governmental hospitals in the period between June and December 2018. The target population included all the working staff categories at the hospitals as physicians, nurses, paramedics, and administrators. About 60% of the sample was male and 40% was female. Most of the participants’ age was between 20-40 years. Of these, 78.2% were having bachelor’s or higher degrees and 17.9% were having diplomas or lesser degrees. Participants’ sample sizes were diverse according to the types and capacities of their hospitals. The highest number of participants was from governmental hospitals with 82.5%, while 17.5% was from non-governmental hospitals. The highest determined types of management in Gaza Strip hospitals were clan and hierarchy-oriented cultures. The non-governmental hospitals had higher means than the governmental ones in all the organizational culture types. The comprehensive approach of organizational culture is desired to study the organizational culture type and realize its direction and trend before establishing new procedures or initiative programs.

Keywords:
Hospital; Strategic Management; Organizational Culture; Palestine; Gaza Strip

Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo. Associação Paulista de Saúde Pública. Av. dr. Arnaldo, 715, Prédio da Biblioteca, 2º andar sala 2, 01246-904 São Paulo - SP - Brasil, Tel./Fax: +55 11 3061-7880 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: saudesoc@usp.br