The Therapeutic Itinerary in Brazil: systematic review and meta-synthesis from the health negative and positive conceptions of health

Fran Demétrio Elvira Rodrigues de Santana Marcos Pereira-Santos About the authors

ABSTRACT

The understanding of how people look for help to solve their demands or health problems has increasingly been the focus of researches. The objective is to analyze national scientific production that addresses the Therapeutic Itineraries (TI) in Brazil from the negative and positive conceptions of health. Studies from the period between 2008 and 2019 were investigated on the Virtual Library in Health. The meta-study had the objective of interpreting and summarizing the results. 224 studies were identified, and 50 were selected. The main core of interest in the theoretical approach deemed the disease/problem as the trigger to the quest for treatment. It was noticed the dominance of studies with high methodological accuracy that used interviews and content analysis for data production. The results of the studies indicate the meaning that the subjects attach to the health-disease-care process. Among the IT support networks, the family and the healthcare services are emphasized. The formal system resolvability and care comprehensiveness were also analyzed. It is concluded that the expansion of analytical frameworks and theoretical perspectives on IT studies, such as the positive conception of health, can contribute to the effectiveness of comprehensiveness and symbolic effectiveness in health care.

KEYWORDS
Attitude to health; Health services accessibility; Healthcare systems

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