Black female professors in health postgraduate courses: between structural racism and the feminization of care

Ana Lucia Nunes de Sousa Luciana Ferrari Espíndola Cabral Janine Monteiro Moreira Valentina Carranza Weihmüller Marina Meloni da Silva Rodrigues Gabriela Gomes Araujo Beatriz Cristina Castro Macedo About the authors

ABSTRACT

Based on black feminism, intersectional perspective and Brazilian ethnic-racial studies, the paper problematized racism and sexism in the Brazilian academy. It characterizes and analyses the presence/ absence of black women professors in PhD programs in health sciences of two federal universities, UFRJ and UFF. Using information from the websites of 31 PhD programs, we reconstructed, quantitatively, the gender and ethnic-racial profiles of the PhD programs by university and evaluation area. Twentythree black women professors were identified in 26 teaching positions. Based on information from the Plataforma Lattes, we also addressed the study dimension longitudinally. The results indicate that the presence of black women professors is 2% at UFRJ and 6% at UFF. It is greater in areas related to care, and non-existent in areas of greater scientific and socio-economic prestige, such as Medicine. Racism is seen as the main power system, operating in the institutional and disciplinary context. In the latter, it is associated with sexism that determines gender hierarchies in health fields. It is also observed that race inequalities overlap with gender inequalities in the context of this research, confirming the theses that point to the epistemicide of black knowledge.

KEYWORDS
Racism; Sexism; Health science; Nursing; Intersectionality; Higher Education Institutions

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