Web of Science Journal Citation Report 2020: the Brazilian contribution to the “Medicine, General & Internal” category of the journal impact factor (JIF) ranking (SCI 2019)

To be included in the “Medicine, General & Internal” category of the Web of Science Journal Citation Report is a distinction for a select group of 165 journals that are considered to be the most influential in this category worldwide. This means standing shoulder-to-shoulder with giants like the New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet, JAMA, BMJ and Annals of Internal Medicine. Here, we wish to highlight the Brazilian presence among these journals.

The Web of Science (WoS) is a multidisciplinary database that provides access to 12,171 scientific journals, and it is edited under the responsibility of the company Clarivate Analytics. It is made available in Brazil through the journals portal of the Brazilian government's funding agency CAPES, to all institutions that are members of this portal.

The Web of Science Journal Citation Report (JCR) identifies and evaluates the most important science and social science journals worldwide and offers analysis on journal performance. It thus reflects the scientific and academic literature of the highest quality. The information that the JCR provides includes the total numbers of articles and citations, and data on the journals cited and those citing them, along with other analyses.11. Collier K. The 2020 Journal Citation Reports: Helping you make better-informed decisions with confidence. Clarivate Analytics Blog, 29 June 2020. Available from: https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/article/the-2020-journal-citation-reports-helping-you-make-better-informed-decisions-with-confidence/. Accessed in 2020 (Sep 21).
https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/...

The journal impact factor (JIF), published annually, has been eagerly awaited by researchers and journal editors around the world for the last 40 years. Its bibliometric mission has steered the scientific community towards editorial rigor and its results have influenced policies, partnerships, classifications and scientific analyses.

How is the JIF calculation made? The JIF of a given periodical for any given year (for example, 2020) is calculated from citations made during the previous year (2019, in this example) for items published in the two preceding years (2017 + 2018, in this example), divided by the number of citable items in these two years (2017 + 2018), published in that periodical.

The core collection of the Web of Science is composed of ten indexes containing thousands of periodicals. Three main citation indexes are responsible for the JIFs calculated from authors' citations, namely: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-Expanded), covering the years from 1900 to today (in which the São Paulo Medical Journal is included); Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), covering the years from 1900 to today; and Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), covering the years from 2005 to today.11. Collier K. The 2020 Journal Citation Reports: Helping you make better-informed decisions with confidence. Clarivate Analytics Blog, 29 June 2020. Available from: https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/article/the-2020-journal-citation-reports-helping-you-make-better-informed-decisions-with-confidence/. Accessed in 2020 (Sep 21).
https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/...
A fourth major index, the Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI), covering the years from 1975 to today, is not used to generate an impact factor.

“MEDICINE, GENERAL & INTERNAL” CATEGORY (SCI 2019)

The “Medicine, General & Internal” category of the SCI is formed by a total of 165 journals that are considered to be the group of periodicals within this field that are most influential worldwide. Table 1 shows the top ten of these 165 journals and also highlights the three Brazilian journals that also form part of this very select list, together with their respective JIFs..22. Journal citation reports. (JCR). Supported by Web of Science Journal Citation Reports (JCR). [s.l]: Clarivate Analytics, 2020.

Table 1
“Medicine, General & Internal” category rankings (SCI 2019)22. Journal citation reports. (JCR). Supported by Web of Science Journal Citation Reports (JCR). [s.l]: Clarivate Analytics, 2020.

The São Paulo Medical Journal is ranked 116th in terms of its JIF, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews is ranked 10th, among the journals in which there is Brazilian participation. To plant its flag in the land of giants, the São Paulo Medical Journal has, since 1932, taken the firm stance of placing value on its authors and editors and has traced out clear aims in analyzing the international trends of major journals. Through this initiative, it has over recent years been attaining the desired recognition among its peers, in terms of JIF. The calculation is shown below.22. Journal citation reports. (JCR). Supported by Web of Science Journal Citation Reports (JCR). [s.l]: Clarivate Analytics, 2020.

Journal impact factor (JIF) calculation for the São Paulo Medical Journal (SPMJ)

JIF calculation for SPMJ

2019  JIF = 166 159 = 1.044

How is the JIF calculated?

 JIF = Citations in 2019 of items published in 2017 ( 108 ) + 2018 ( 58 ) Number of citable items in 2017 ( 75 ) + 2018 ( 84 ) = 166 159

In the 2020 edition of the JCR, among the 12,171 journals that it encompasses, 1,658 journals are classified as gold open access journals. Table 2 shows that the São Paulo Medical Journal is in this category, which means that all its articles are made public and accessible free-of-charge. This enables immediate use of them, thus contributing to the worldwide movement advocating open access.22. Journal citation reports. (JCR). Supported by Web of Science Journal Citation Reports (JCR). [s.l]: Clarivate Analytics, 2020.

Table 2
Articles published in the São Paulo Medical Journal (SPMJ) in 2017 that were most cited in 2019; and the number of citations of each of these articles that were counted towards the journal impact factor. The arrow highlights the open padlock symbol that signifies that the SPMJ is a gold open access journal

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews is the periodical that is ranked tenth regarding its JIF. This ranking was achieved with participation from Brazil. Table 3 demonstrates that Brazil was in 16th place as a contributor to its JIF, with 62 citations.

Table 3
Citations contributing to the journal impact factor (JIF) of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, according to country

The Federal University of São Paulo (Universidade Federal de São Paulo, UNIFESP) was the only Brazilian institution to contribute citations to the JIF of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. In the 2018 edition of the JCR, it was one of the top 50 institutions contributing to the JIF of this periodical, occupying 44th place (Table 4).

Table 4
Citations contributing to the journal impact factor (JIF) of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, according to institutions and organizations. The arrow highlights the participation of the Federal University of São Paulo (Universidade Federal de São Paulo, UNIFESP)

For journals to be accepted into this database, they are evaluated in terms of 28 criteria relating to quality, impact and editorial assessment. Thus, these journals have met these rigorous standards (Table 5).33. Silveira M. Fator de impacto e os reflexos nos periódicos brasileiros. ABEC Brasil You Tube (11 set 2020). Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nze9DAaKCzg&t=5120s. Accessed in 2020 (Sep 21).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nze9DAaK...

Table 5
Quality, impact and editorial evaluation criteria that journals need to meet in order to be included in the Web of Science

There is no doubt that Brazilian science is well disseminated through several international databases and through the best journals. The São Paulo Medical Journal is proud to be among them.

It can also be asked, “Is being part of this scenario significant?” The response has to be affirmative. The São Paulo Medical Journal and the other two Brazilian periodicals (Clinics and Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira) that form part of this group are among the most influential journals in the world, with a JIF that can reach 74.699, which is very considerable and highly important.

The São Paulo Medical Journal provides an international window for health science results produced mostly by Brazilian researchers, with support from the recent and previous boards of directors of the São Paulo Medical Association (Associação Paulista de Medicina). We also send our compliments to the editors of the journals Clinics and Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira.

It is important to highlight the major contributions that have been made from Brazil to the Cochrane Library, which equal those of more-developed countries. Free-of-charge access to the Cochrane Library has been available for all Brazilians since 2001 (https://www.cochranelibrary.com/). This was achieved thanks to yearly efforts made by Cochrane Brazil's Director, with support from the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) via BIREME in the beginning and from CAPES and the CAPES portal more recently.

  • Cochrane Brazil, São Paulo (SP), Brazil
  • Sources of funding: None

REFERENCES

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    23 Oct 2020
  • Date of issue
    July-Aug 2020
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