(Updated: 2018/09/14)

About the journal


Basic Information

The objective of International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology is to act through the research divulgence about prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilition of ear deficiency, nose, mouth, pharynx, larynx, cervical region and respiratory ducts, and in this way to contribute with the schooling, research, curative and preventive medicine, finally with the technologic-scientific development of Otorhinolaryngology.

International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology is bound for everyone who is interested in health area, in special the otolaryngologists, head and neck surgeons, neurologists, neurosurgeons, allergists, pediatricians, physiotherapists, phonologists, physiatrists, pneumologists and others.

The International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology was founded in 1997 (Former Title: Arquivos da Fundação Otorrinolaringologia) by Professor Ricardo Ferreira Bento and Professor Aroldo Miniti, becoming the First Electronic Magazine of Otorhinolaryngology of the world. It has trimester periodicity and its studies are divulged in opening access for everyone who is interested in this medical area.

Its abbreviated title is Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol., which should be used in bibliographies, footnotes and bibliographical references and strips.


Indexed in

  • DOAJ- Diretory of Open Access Journals. 
  • FUNPEC-RP (Fundação de Pesquisas Científicas de Ribeirão Preto). 
  • Latindex - Sistema Regional de Información en Línea para Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal. 
  • LILACS e LILACS-Express Literatura Latino- Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde.
  • SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online.


Intellectual Property

All content of the journal, except where identified, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND.



The publication receives financial support:

  • Fundação Otorrinolaringologia.
    Rua Teodoro Sampaio, 483
    Pinheiros - São Paulo / SP
    CEP: 05405-000
    Phone: +55(11) 3068-9855 Fax: +55(11) 3085-9943
    E-mail: forl@forl.org.br


Editorial Board



Geraldo Pereira Jotz - UFRGS / UFCSPA - Porto Alegre - Brazil



Aline Gomes Bittencourt - USP - São Paulo / Brazil


Associated Editors

  • Alergy and Olfact: João Ferreira de Mello Junior - USP - São Paulo / Brazil
  • Audiology: Marcelo M. Hueb - UFTM - Uberaba / Brazil
  • Skull Base: Ricardo L. Carrau - Ohio State University - OH / USA
  • Head and Neck: Luiz Paulo Kowalski - H. AC Camargo - São Paulo / Brazil
  • Stomatology: Michiel W. M. Van den Brekel - Netherlands Cancer Institute - Amsterdam / Netherlands
  • Pharyngology: Marcus Miranda Lessa - UFBA - Salvador / Brazil
  • Laryngology: Robert T. Sataloff - Drexel University College of Medicine - Philadelphia / USA
  • Neurotology: Ricardo Ferreira Bento - USP- São Paulo / Brazil
  • Otology: Priscila Bogar Rapoport - FMABC - Santo André / Brazil
  • Facial Plastic and Reconstructive: Marcos Mocelin - UFPR - Curitiba / Brazil
  • Rhinosinusology: Richard Voegels - USP - São Paulo / Brazil


Editorial Board

Adriana Brondani da Rocha
ULBRA, Canoas, Brazil
Adriane Teixeira
UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Agrício Crespo
UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil

Agustin del Canizo
Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain

Alberto Alencar Nuldelmann
PUC, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Alejandro Rivas Vanderbilt
University Medical Center, Tennessee, USA

Alexandre Felippu Neto
Instituto Felippu, São Paulo, Brazil

Alfio Ferlito
Udine School of Medicine, Unide, Italy

Ana Cristina H. Hoshino
USP, São Paulo, Brazil

André Luiz Lopes Sampaio
UNB, Brasília, Brazil

Antonio Celso Nassif Filho
PUC, Curitiba, Brazil

Badr Eldin Mostafa
Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Bernard Fraysse
Hôpital PURPAN, Toulouse, France

Carlos Augusto Pires de Oliveira
UNB, Brasília, Brazil

Carlos Curet
Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina

Carlos Diógenes Pinheiro Neto
Albany Medical College, New York, USA

Ciríaco Cristóvão Tavares Atherino
UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Desiderio Passáli
University Hospital, Siena, Italy

Domenico Cuda
Guglielmo da Saliceto Hospital, Piacenza, Italy

Domingos Hiroshi Tsuji
USP, São Paulo, Brazil

Eduardo Crema
UFTM, Uberaba, Brazil

Eliane Schochat
USP, São Paulo, Brazil

Elisabeth Carrara de Angelis
Hospital AC Camargo, São Paulo, Brazil

Fabrizio Ricci Romano
USP, São Paulo, Brazil

Fayez Bahmad Junior
UNB, Brasília, Brazil

Filipe Matuba
Agostinho Neto University, Luanda, Angola

Fernando Luis Dias
INCA, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Francini Grecco de Melo Pádua
UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil

Francisco Verissimo de Mello Filho
USP-RP, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

Gerson Schulz Maahs
UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Giovanni Danesi
Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy

Héctor Rondón Cardoso
Universidad Nacional de San Agustín, Arequipa, Perú

Heinz Stammberger
Graz University, Graz, Austria

Hélio Lessa
UFBA, Salvador, Brazil

Jacques Magnan
Université dAix-Marseille, Marseille, France

Jair Cortez Mantovani
UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil

Jeferson S. D'Avila
UFSE, Aracajú, Brazil

Jesús Algaba Guimera
Hospital Donostia de San Sebastián, San Sebastián, Spain

José Faibes Lubianca Neto
UFCSPA, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Jose N. Fayad
Keck School of Medicine, USC, California USA

Lídio Granato
FCMSCSP, São Paulo, Brazil

Lilian Muniz
Universidade Federal de Recife, Recife, Brazil

Luiz Antonio Guerra Bernd
UFRS, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Luiz Lavinsky
UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Luiz Ubirajara Sennes
USP, São Paulo, Brazil

Maira Rozenfeld Olchik
UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Manuel Manrique Rodríguez
Universidad de Navarra, Navarra, España

Marcelo Lazzaron Lamers
UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Marcelo Ribeiro de Toledo Piza
Associação Paparella, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

Márcio Abrahão
UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil

Márcio Nakanishi
UNB, Brasília, Brazil

Marcos Vial Goycoolea
Clinic of Las Condes, Santiago, Chile

Maria Valéria Schimidt Goffi Gómez
USP, São Paulo, Brazil

Mario Andréa
Lisboa University, Lisboa, Portugal

Mario Svirsky
New York University, New York, USA

Maurizio Barbara
Sapienza University, SantAndrea Hospital, Rome, Italy

Minoru Hirano
Kurume University, Kurume, Japan

Nédio Steffen
PUC, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Nelson Rosário
UFPR, Curitiba, Brazil

O. Nuri Özgirgin
Başkent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Olivier Sterkers
Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France

Onivaldo Cervantes
UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil

Otávio Bejzman Piltcher
UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Paulo Sérgio Lins Perazzo
UNEB, Salvador, Brazil

Pedro L. Coser
UFSM, Santa Maria, Brazil

Pedro Luís Mangabeira Albernaz
UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil

Regina Helena Garcia Martins
UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil

Richard Harvey
University of New South Wales, New South Wales, Australia

Robert Sweet
McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Robert Vincent
Causse Ear Clinic, Colombiers, France

Roberto Campos Meirelles
UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Roberto Dihl Angeli
UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Roberto Filipo
Sapienza Università di Roma, Roma, Italy

Rodrigo de Paula Santos
UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil

Ronaldo Frizzarini
USP, São Paulo, Brazil

Sady Selaimen da Costa
UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Salvatore Conticello
Università degli Studi di Torino, Turin, Italy

Samir Cahali
HSPE, São Paulo, Brazil

Shiro Tomita
UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Silvia Dornelles
UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Silvio Antonio Monteiro Marone
PUCCAMP, Campinas, Brazil

Silvio da Silva Caldas Neto
UFPE, Recife, Brazil

Tania Maria Sih
FMUSP, São Paulo, Brazil

Thomas Linder
Luzerner Kantonsspital, Luzern, Switzerland

Ugo Fisch
University Hospital, Zürich, Switzerland

Wytske Fokkens
Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Zelita Ferreira Guedes
UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil


Instructions to authors


Scope and Policy

International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology (IAORL) is an international peer-reviewed journal dedicated to otolaryngology–head and neck surgery, audiology, and speech therapy.

IAORL is published every three months and supports the World Health Organization (WHO) and of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) politics regarding registration of clinical trials. Therefore from now on we will only accept for publication articles of clinical trials that have been given a number of identification from one of the Clinical Essay Registry validated by the criteria established by the WHO and the ICMJE, the links to which are available at the ICMJE (http://www.icmje.org/). The identification number should be given at the end of the abstract.

IAORL reserves the right to exclusive publication of all accepted manuscripts. We will not consider any manuscript previously published nor under review by another publication. Once accepted for review, the manuscript must not be submitted elsewhere. Transfer of copyright to IAORL is a prerequisite of publication. All authors must sign a copyright transfer form.

Authors must disclose any financial relationship(s) at the time of submission, and any disclosures must be updated by the authors prior to publication. Information that could be perceived as potential conflict(s) of interest must be stated. This information includes, but is not limited to, grants or funding, employment, affiliations, patents, inventions, honoraria, consultancies, royalties, stock options/ownership, or expert testimony.

Article Categories
The journal publishes the types of articles defined below. When submitting your manuscript, please follow the instructions relevant to the applicable article category.

Original Research
Original, in-depth, clinical or basic science investigations that aim to change clinical practice or the understanding of a disease process. Article types include, but are not limited to, clinical trials, before-and-after studies, cohort studies, case control studies, cross-sectional surveys, and diagnostic test assessments. Components of original research are:

  • A title page, including the manuscript title and all authors’ full names, academic degrees (no more than three), institutional affiliations, and locations. Designate one author as the corresponding author. Also indicate where the paper was presented, if applicable.
  • A structured abstract of up to 250 words with the headings: Introduction, Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion.
  • The Manuscript body should be divided as: introduction with objective(s); method; result; discussion; conclusion; references.
  • Manuscript length of no more than 24 pages (exclusive of the title page and abstract).
  • Studies involving human beings and animals should include the approval protocol number of the respective Ethics Committee on Research of the institution from which the research is affiliated.

Systematic Reviews (including Meta-analyses)
Critical assessments of literature and data sources on important clinical topics in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. Systematic reviews that reduce bias with explicit procedures to select, appraise, and analyze studies are highly preferred over traditional narrative reviews. The review may include a meta-analysis, or statistical synthesis of data from separate, but similar, studies leading to a quantitative summary of the pooled results. The components of a systematic review are:

  • A title page, including the manuscript title and all authors’ full names, academic degrees, institutional affiliations, and locations. Designate one author as the corresponding author. Also indicate where the paper was presented, if applicable.
  • A structured abstract of up to 250 words with the headings: Introduction, Objectives, Data Synthesis, and Conclusion.
  • The Manuscript body should be divided as: introduction; review of literature; discussion; final comments; references.
  • Manuscript length of no more than 24 pages (exclusive of the title page and abstract).

Case Reports
Case Reports will no longer be accepted for submission, starting on 2015. Submitted manuscripts until December 2014 will be reviewed and published, if approved.

Update Manuscripts
The manuscript is an update that explores a particular subject, developed from current data, based on recently published works.

  • A title page, including the manuscript title and all authors’ full names, academic degrees, institutional affiliations, and locations. Designate one author as the corresponding author. Also indicate where the paper was presented, if applicable.
  • A structured abstract of up to 250 words with the headings: Introduction, Objectives, Data Synthesis, and Conclusion.
  • The Manuscript body should be divided as: introduction; review of a particular subject; discussion; final comments; references.
  • Manuscript length of no more than 15 pages (exclusive of the title page and abstract).

Letters to the Editor and Opinion articles
Only by invitation from the Editorial Board. Manuscript length: no more 2 pages.


Form and preparation of manuscripts

Manuscript Preparation
Correct preparation of the manuscript will expedite the review and publishing process. Manuscripts must conform to acceptable English usage.
Necessary Files for Submission (each topic should start in a new page):

  • Title Page
  • Abstract
  • Manuscript (main text, references, and fi gure legends)
  • Figure(s) (when appropriate)
  • Table(s) (when appropriate)

In accordance with double-blind review, author/institutional information should be omitted or blinded from the following submission fi les: Manuscript, Figure(s), Table(s), Response to Reviewers.

The Abstract should be followed by three to six keywords in English, selected from the list of Descriptors (Mesh) created by National Library of Medicine and available at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/2013/mesh_browser/MBrowser.html.

Do not use abbreviations in the title or abstract. When using abbreviations in the text, indicate the abbreviation parenthetically after the first occurrence and use the abbreviation alone for all subsequent occurrences.

Authorship credit should be based on criteria established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors:
(1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data;
(2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (3) final approval of the version to be published.

Authors are responsible for the completeness, accuracy, and format of their references. References should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numbers in the text. All authors shall be listed in full up to the total number of six; for seven or more authors, list the first three authors followed by “et al.” There should be no more than 90 references for original articles and no more than 120 for systematic reviews or update articles. Refer to the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus for abbreviations of journal names, or access the list at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/lji.html. Sample references are given below. For more information, please check: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7256/.


  • Journals: Author | Article Title | Journal Title | Date of Publication | Volume Number | Issue Number | Pagination.
    Huttenhower C, Gevers D, Knight R, et al. Structure, function and diversity of the healthy human microbiome. Nature 2012;486(7402):207-214
  • Dissertations and Theses: Author | Title | Content Type | Place of Publication | Publisher | Date of Publication | Pagination.
    Baldwin KB. An exploratory method of data retrieval from the electronic medical record for the evaluation of quality in healthcare [dissertation]. Chicago: University of Illinois at Chicago, Health Sciences Center; 2004:116
  • Books: Author/Editor | Title | Edition | Place of Publication | Publisher | Date of Publication.
    Valente M, Hosford-Dunn H, Roeser RJ. Audiology Treatment. 2nd ed. New York: Thieme; 2008
  • Book chapters: Author of the chapter | Title of chapter | In: Editor(s) of book | Title of chapter | Place of Publication | Publisher | Date of Publication | Pagination.
    Vilkman E. A survey on the occupational safety and health arrangements for voice and speech professionals in Europe. In: Dejonckere PH, ed. Occupational Voice: Care and Cure. Hague: Kugler Publications; 2001:129-137
  • Electronic material: for articles taken entirely from the Internet, please follow the rules mentioned above and add at the end the web site address. Ex: AMA: helping doctors help patients [Internet]. Chicago: American Medical Association; c1995-2007 Available at: http://www.ama-assn.org/. Accessed Feb 22, 2007

Figures must be uploaded separately. Include the number of the figure in the description box.

Figure Legends
Provide a legend for each figure. List the legends (double spaced) on a separate text page, after the reference page. Up to 8 pictures will be published at no cost to the authors; color pictures will be published at the editor’s discretion. Acceptable submissions include the following: JPG, GIF, PNG, PSD, or TIF. The Publication Management System accepts only high definition images with the following features:

  • Width up to 1000 px and DPI equal to or higher than 300;
  • The image formats should be preferentially TIF or JPG;
  • The maximum image size should be 8 MB;
  • If figures have multiple parts (e.g., A, B, C, D), each part must be counted as a separate image in the total number allowed.

Tables and Graphs
Tables should be numbered in Arabic numbers consecutively as they appear in the text, with a concise but self-explicative title, without underlined elements or lines inside it. When tables have too many data, prefer to present graphics (in black
and white). If there are abbreviations, an explicative text should be provided on the lower margin of the table or graph.

Appendices will only be published online, not in the print journal, and may include additional figures or tables that enhance the value of the manuscript. Appendices must be submitted online with the rest of the manuscript and labeled as such. Questionnaires will be considered as Appendices


Online Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts should be submitted at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/iaorl, which gives access to the ScholarOne Manuscripts submission system where the submission of the article is done by the authors and the evaluation process is done by the reviewers of our editorial board in a blinded process where the names of the authors are not displayed in any instance. The system will ask for your user ID and password if you have already registered. If you have not registered, click on the link “Create Account” and make your registration. In case you have forgotten your password, click on the appropriate link and the system will generate an automatic e-mail with the information.

The author(s) should keep a copy of all submitted material for publication because the editor cannot be held responsible for any lost material.
After submission, the system offers the option of saving a copy of your manuscript in PDF format for your control.

The journal strongly recommends that the authors submit their electronic manuscripts written in Microsoft Word. In the “Preparing Manuscript” step a screen that simulates the word processor will be displayed, where it is possible to “copy and paste”, including tables.

Mandatory Author Forms
Ethics and Financial Disclosure: The manuscript will be assigned to an Editor for solicitation of peer review and editorial evaluation ONLY after this form has been submitted by the corresponding author.

Patient Confidentiality
For manuscripts containing photographs of a person, submit a written release from the person or guardian, or submit a photograph that will not reveal the person’s identity (eye covers are inadequate to protect patient identity).

Using Previously Published Material and Illustrations
For manuscripts containing illustrations and/or material reproduced from another source, permission from the copyright holder, medical illustrator, or original publication source must be obtained and submitted to the editorial office.

IRB Policy and Animal Studies
For all manuscripts reporting data from studies involving human participants, formal review and approval, or formal review and waiver (exemption), by an appropriate institutional review board (IRB) or ethics committee is required and should be described in the Methods section with the full name of the reviewing entity. All clinical research requires formal review, including case reports, case series, medical record reviews, and other observational studies. For experiments involving animals, state the animal handling protocol in the Methods section, including approval by an institutional board.

Duplicate or Redundant Submission
Manuscripts are considered with the understanding that they have not been published previously and are not under consideration by another publication. If the author explicitly wishes the journal to consider duplicate publication, he or she must submit the request, in writing, to the Editor with appropriate justification.

Submissions not in compliance with the following instructions will be returned to the author by the editorial office and a corrected version must be resubmitted within 30 days. Papers not resubmitted within that time will be withdrawn from consideration.

Revised manuscripts must follow the same instructions and should be submitted within 30 days of the revision letter date.

Accepted manuscripts sent to the publisher will be typeset and proofs will then be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author. If proofs are not approved and received within 2 business days, the article will not be published.

The reviewers should send their comments within 20 days.

English Language Assistance
Appropriate use of the English language is a requirement for publication in IAORL. Authors who wish to improve the grammar and spelling in their articles may wish to consult a professional service. Many companies provide substantive editing via the web. A few examples are:


Please note that IAORL has no affiliation with these companies and use of the service does not guarantee your manuscript will be accepted


The International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology Scientific Merit Journal Prize

The IAORL Scientific Merit Journal Prize is awarded every year for up to three best systematic review (meta-analysis) papers published each year in the journal. The 2015 manuscript awards will be selected from articles published in issues 1-4 of volume 19, based on novelty, impact, data quality, and number of online downloads by the journal readers.

The adjudication committee consists of the editorial board, assisted by comments received through the peer review process. The judgment of the papers will be published after issue number 4 of volume 19. The result will be communicated to the winners and officially published in volume 20 of IAORL.

All authors and co-authors will receive certificates of award and the first author of each of the three selected manuscripts will receive $1,000 (USD).


Fundação Otorrinolaringologia R. Teodoro Sampaio, 483, 05405-000 São Paulo/SP Brasil, Tel.: (55 11) 3068-9855, Fax: (55 11) 3079-6769 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: iaorl@iaorl.org