(Updated: 2020/08/17)

About the journal

 

Basic Information

 

The Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo (RBCS) is a journal that publishes peer-reviewed manuscripts, edited by the Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo (SBCS). The RBCS aims to disseminate original and relevant contributions in different areas of Soil Science.
The publications are organized in Scientific Divisions and Commissions, in accordance with those adopted by the SBCS and the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS).

The journal began to be published in 1977 in a non-continuous format. After 1996, three numbers started to be published annually. During 1997 to 2002 and 2003 to 2015, the journal periodicity was four and six numbers published per year, respectively. During all these years, the journal was published in the printed form.
In 2016 the RBCS was submitted to a significant restructuring, when the journal adopted the electronic format; moved to a continuous publication model; the manuscripts exclusively published in English, although it was optional since 2007; the editorial and the manuscripts review process board was restructured; and, although RBCS had adopted electronic submission since 2007, which was performed through its own software, in 2015 the journal adopted ScholarOne, an internationally known online submission and paper management system.

The journal management is performed by the Editorial Board, which is composed by the Editor-in-Chief, Co-Editor, Technical Editor, Associate Editors, and Area Editors.
The submitted manuscripts are forwarded to technical pre-screening, which is conducted by the technical editor. In this stage, a general check is performed to ensure that the manuscript: i) is complete (i.e. title page, cover letter, main document, figures, and tables); ii) complies with instructions provided in the Guide for Authors; iii) is within of journal scope; and iv) is original, which means that the manuscript will be checked by an originality detection service – Crossref Similarity Check. Submitted papers not meeting these requirements will be returned to the authors who may re-submit their paper after corrections.
A manuscript with accepted submission is assigned to one of the Area Editors (AreaEd). The Area Editors may endorse or not the manuscript suitability to the journal scope and, additionality, he/she examines, in a general way, if the manuscript contributes with new knowledge to the Soil Science.
If the AreaEd considers the manuscript suitable, he/she will forward the manuscript to the Associate Editor (AE). The AE assesses if the specific scientific merit is attended, and then it will be sent to, at least, three ad hoc reviewers with appropriate knowledge, skills, methodological expertise, and experience to assess the manuscript. Based on the comments of, at least, two reviewers and on its own experience,, the AE recommends if the manuscript should be rejected, accepted, or needs revision before acceptance for publication. This decision will be endorsed or not by the AreaEd. The final decision is taken by the Editor-in-Chief, based on AE and AreaEd recommendations. Manuscripts, whose processing were interrupted by the AreaEd and AE, will also be forwarded to Editor-in-Chief gives the final decision. Other attributions under Editor-in-Chief responsibility are: to coordinate activities developed by AreaEd, AE, and reviewers; and keep a communication channel with the authors.
The manuscript processing is conducted without anonymity until reaching the AE, which means that identities are not disclosed only between authors and ad hoc reviewers.
After the manuscript is published, all the publication rights are reserved to the RBCS. The manuscripts will be available at the journal website (www.rbcs.org.br) and in online libraries, such as SciELO (www.scielo.br) and Redalyc (www.redalyc.org), or any other database in which RBCS becomes indexed in the future.
The RBCS applies the Creative Commons (CC BY) license to published manuscripts. This license allows others to use, reproduce, disseminate, or display the article in any way, including for commercial purposes, so long as they credit the author for the original creation.
Authors are responsible for all ideas and information presented in the manuscripts, which may not necessarily reflect the views of the RBCS’s Editors and Editorial Board.

To promote the widest-possible visibility of your research and to inspire new research focused on Soil Science, the RBCS encourages to deposit the data published in the manuscripts in open access repositories. Suggested repositories: The Free Brazilian Repository for Open Soil Data (febr) (http://www.ufsm.br/febr) and/or Hydrophysical Database for Brazilian Soils (http://www.cprm.gov.br/publique/Hidrologia/Pesquisa-e-Inovacao/HYBRAS-4930.html). Other repositories can be found at Scientific Data website (https://www.nature.com/sdata/policies/repositories).
 

 

Information Services

 

Manuscripts published in Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo are indexed in the following databases:

Web of Science
Scientific Electronic Library Online – SciELO
Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y El Caribe, España y Portugal – Redalyc
Directory of Open Acess lournal – DOAJ
Chemical Abstracts.

 

 

 

Intellectual Property

 

The RBCS adopts the electronic format with e-ISSN 1806-9657, where its content is published continuously (publishing research online as soon as the article is ready) and licensed by Creative Commons (CC BY) International attribution 4.0

 

 

Funding

 

Besides the financial resources arising from the publication fees, the RBCS receives financial support from Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo (SBCS) and government agencies such as Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG).

 

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Editorial Board

 

Editorial board

 

CHIEF EDITOR: José Miguel Reichert
Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria - RS, Brasil

EXECUTIVE EDITOR: Reinaldo Bertola Cantarutti
Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa - MG, Brasil

 

 

Area Editors

  Soil in Space and Time
Pablo Vidal Torrado – Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, USP, Brazil
Soil Processes and Properties
Sidney Stürmer – Universidade de Blumenau, Brazil
Quirijn de Jong Van Lier – Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, USP, Brazil
Leônidas Azevedo Carrijo Melo – Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil

Soil Use and Management
Clístenes Willians Araújo do Nascimento – Universidade Federal Rural do Pernambuco, Brazil
Luciano da Silva Souza – Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Brazil

Soil, Environment and Society
Ricardo Simão Diniz Dalmolin – Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
 

 

Associate Editors

  Soil Genesis and Morphology
Marcos Gervasio Pereira – Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Soil Survey and Classification
José Coelho de Araújo Filho – EMBRAPA Solos, Brazil
Pedometrics
Waldir de Carvalho Junior – EMBRAPA Solos, Brazil
Richard J. Heck – University of Guelph, Canada

Soil Biology
Marco Aurélio Carbone Carneiro – Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Jerri Edson Zilli – EMBRAPA Agrobiologia, Brazil
Adriana Giongo – Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Tine Grebenc – Slovenian Forestry Institute (Gozdarski inštitut Slovenije), Slovenia
Pedro Antunes – Algoma University, Canada

Soil Physics
Milton César Costa Campos – Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Brazil
Cássio Antônio Tormena – Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Brazil
João Tavares Filho – Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Brazil
Edivan Rodrigues de Souza – Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
Ary Bruand – Université d’Orléans, France
Nunzio Romano – University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Yakov Pachepsky – United States Department of Agriculture / Agricultural Research Service, USA

Soil Mineralogy
Alberto Vasconcellos Indá Júnior – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Vidal Barrón Lopez de Torre – Universidad de Córdoba, Spain
Laurent Caner – Universidade de Poitiers, France

Soil Chemistry
Etelvino Henrique Novotny – EMBRAPA-Solos, Brazil
Leandro Souza da Silva – Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Maria Betânia Galvão dos Santos – Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
Heike Knicker – Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Sevilla, Spain

Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition; Lime and Fertilizer; Soil Pollution, Remediation and Reclamation of Degraded Areas
Leonardus Vergütz – Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brazil
Adelson Paulo de Araújo – Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Edicarlos Damacena Souza – Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Brazil
Guillaume Echevarria – University of Lorraine, France
Tales Tiecher – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Richard Bell – Murdoch University, Australia

Soil and Water Management and Conservation; Land Use Planning
Jean Paolo Gomes Minella – Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Jackson A. Albuquerque – Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Jeferson Dieckow – Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil
Gustavo Henrique Merten – University of Minnesota Duluth, USA
 Soil Education and Public Perception of Soil; Soils and Food Security; History, Epistemology and Sociology of Soil Science
Ângelo Giusepe Chaves Alves – Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
Winfried E. H. Blum – Universität Wien, Austria
 

Editorial Team

 

TECHNICAL EDITOR
Rafaella Campos
EDITORIAL SECRETARY
Denise Machado Goulart (autores@sbcs.org.br)

 

 

Editorial production

  Caboverde Tecnologia e Serviços Ltda  

 


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Instructions to authors

 

Scope and editorial policy

 

Language
Before submitting your manuscript to the RBCS, we recommend a professional edition of your paper, particularly if English is not your native language. This is not mandatory but may ensure that the scientific content is fully understood by the editors and reviewers. Even after approval, the editors/reviewers may request, if necessary, a text revision by one of the specialists indicated herein. Manuscripts with inappropriate English will have its review process interrupted/rejected by the Editor or reviewer.

Exclusivity and originality

Manuscripts submitted or published, even partially, in another journal are not accepted. The exclusivity must be declared in the cover letter. Only manuscripts whose content has been published in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis/dissertation/monography are accepted. Nonconformities of the manuscript regarding exclusivity and originality will be the sole responsibility of the corresponding author.

Conflict of interest

In the cover letter, declare absence (or declare if any) of conflict of interest associated with financial and personal support or of any other nature which has influenced the manuscript content.

Authors
All authors must have an Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier (ORCID iD - https://orcid.org/register), which will be required during the submission to ScholarOneTM. The corresponding author must declare in the cover letter that all authors are aware of and approved the manuscript submission. The manifestation of unawareness or disagreement with the submission by anyone of the authors will result in the interruption of the manuscript processing. It is not allowed to change the corresponding author. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made before the manuscript is accepted. The contribution of each author to the proposal, implementation, data analysis, and writing of the manuscript must also be declared in the title page.

 

Manuscript
Manuscripts must be in accordance with the standards for scientific writing. The publication of an experiment in parts (fractionation of the content) should be avoided, but if it proves necessary the manuscripts should be submitted in sequence, and this fact must be informed in their corresponding cover letters.

RBCS accepts the following manuscripts types:

Original research papers (Regular papers) – Should be based on an original scientific hypothesis, which was not yet clarified. The hypothesis must be tested through experimentation and/or theoretical models, based on the scientific method, with adequate statistical planning and discussion. Priority will be given to manuscripts that contribute to the understanding of processes and mechanisms occurring in the soil. Comparisons of methods, varieties, types of management, etc. may, exceptionally, be considered as a scientific article only when they provide a basis and/or logical scientific reason; if they solve an important problem in the field; or if there is a significant conceptual advance. The article structure must contain: title, highlights, abstract, keywords, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion (results and discussion cannot be presented together in the same section – Results and Discussion), conclusions, references and may contain tables and figures. Supplementary material is allowed (see Submission).

Short communication – Describes significant advances and innovative aspects of a technique or equipment/instrument; a new species or observations; and data surveys limited to non-repeatable experiments or other unique situations. It is not an article of inferior quality and it has the same scientific value of an original research publication. This type of manuscript is, in general, shorter than the scientific article. It may not have the conventional structure required to original research papers, but it must obey the same scientific rigor. Adding supplementary material is also allowed.

Review articles – This type of manuscript may be submitted spontaneously or invited by the Editor-in-chief, but both will undergo the same review process to be approved. Besides reporting the state of knowledge on a specific topic, review articles should be analytical and critical and present suggestions for future research.

Letter to the editor - It should contain relevant communication to the Soil Science community or a critique on a manuscript published by RBCS. In the latter case, the right of counter argument will be granted to the authors.
 

 

Manuscript submission

 

All manuscripts must be submitted online through ScholarOneTM, an online submission and paper management system, which can be accessed using the following links:
https://www.rbcsjournal.org
www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0100-0683&lng=en&nrm=iso
https://mc04.manuscriptcentral.com/rbcs-scielo.
The following files at submission must be uploaded: cover letter, title page, and main document. Tables, figures, and supplemental file are optional.

Formatting requirements
All documents should be created using a word processing software, preferably the Microsoft Word. The text should be left aligned, written with 12-point font, and with a 1.5 line spacing throughout the entire document. Manuscripts should be prepared without line numbering, since the online submission system will do it automatically when converting the submitted files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process.

Cover letter
The cover letter must contain: 1) manuscript title; 2) a statement that the paper is original and neither the manuscript nor any part of its content was published previously in print form or electronically, and are not under consideration by any other journal or electronic medium; 3) a statement certifying that all authors approved the manuscript being submitted; 4) a statement that there is no conflict of interest (financial, personal or institutional) associated with the information and results disclosed in the manuscript; and 5) information about the manuscript relevance; the authors must indicate the suitability of the manuscript within the scope of the RBCS, and highlight the problem, hypothesis, objectives, and to emphasize the main findings and why they are significant to increasing Soil Science knowledge.

Title page
The title page must contain the manuscript title, authors names without abbreviation and without an academic degree. Present the current authors’ affiliation addresses below the names, indicating without abbreviation and translation the Institution (University, Institute, Research Center, etc.), Department, Graduate Program, City, State, and Country. Link all affiliations with their respective authors using a superscript number in parentheses immediately after the author's name and in front of the institutional address. It is necessary to mark the author correspondent with an asterisk and indicate his/her email and cell phone number. Present a short and concise description of the individual contribution of each author to conception and design of the study, the contribution should be linked to the authors’ names using superscript letters in parentheses. The author contributions will be published in the final manuscript. Acknowledgements to individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance, or proof reading the article, etc.) and to public or private organizations/institutions which provided financial or logistical support to conduct the study.

Main document
The main document must contain title, highlights, abstract, introduction, material and methods, results, discussion, conclusions, and references.

Title: Concise and informative, with no more than 20 words. Avoid symbols, abbreviations, and formulae. Please consider that titles are often used in information-retrieval systems.

Highlights: Provide 3-5 bullet points that convey the manuscript’s core findings. Each bullet point must have a maximum of 85 characters, including spaces.

Abstract: The abstract must be concise, factual, and informative, not exceeding 400 words. The abstract is an independent section, often presented separately from the manuscript; therefore, it must stand alone and supply the main information about the manuscript. The abstract must start with a brief sentence that clearly introduces the problem and the manuscript relevance. The objective should be explicitly stated. It must present relevant information about material and methods, the principal results and major conclusions. References, symbols, and non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided. If essential symbol or abbreviations be used, they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Keywords: Select up to five relevant keywords, which must differ from those words used in the manuscript title. Prepositions and conjunctions (of, or, and) must be avoided. Do not use terms composed of more than three words. Only abbreviations firmly established may be eligible.

Introduction: The introduction must be clear and concise, but sufficient to present the addressed problem and show any existing gap in knowledge. Bibliographic citations should be specific, selected from the most relevant and recent studies, preferably from journals with high impact factors. Thesis, dissertation, newsletters, congress proceedings, and documents of difficult access should be avoided. The hypothesis should be mentioned explicitly. A hypothesis is a statement (therefore, written in the present tense) that establishes a cause-effect relation and which should be supported or denied with experimenting; it will be used to construct the conclusions. State the objectives at the end of the introduction.

Materials and methods: This section can be subdivided by short headings referring to methods/procedures adopted; the information should be organized in a logical order to enable full understanding. Material and methods should provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Field studies should contain the location with geographic coordinates, climatic conditions, and soil classification. Manuscripts describing research carried out in Brazil must have the soils classified according to Brazilian Soil Classification System (SiBCS, edition 2018) and, additionally, to present (parenthetically) equivalent classification consistent with international systems (Soil Taxonomy or WRB). To classify the soils according to the international systems, the authors should access the Table of Partial Equivalence provided in this website or at J appendix of the SiBCS. Manuscripts from foreign authors, whose soils were completely analyzed and classified based on WRB or Soil Taxonomy, are not required to use the SiBCS. Methods that are well known and already published should be indicated by a reference, and only relevant modifications should be described. Reagents and equipment model and brand should be cited only if this information is essential to reproduce the study. The experimental design and the statistical methods used to analyze the data should be described clearly. Software used in the statistical analysis should be informed only if relevant.

Results: Results must be clear and concise. They should be presented using tables or, preferably, figures containing graphics, images, or schematic models. Avoid using more than four tables and four figures. Avoid reproducing numeric values that have already been presented in tables and figures. Tables and figures should be presented along the text as “table 1” or “figure 2”, using a lowercase letter; or highlighted in parenthesis (Table 1 or Figure 2).

Discussion: In this section, the authors should present the significance of the results obtained, without repeating them. Arguments that support the acceptance or rejection of the research hypothesis should be explored. The discussion should support the conclusions. Avoid excessive citations, such as those used to point out basic concepts or common knowledge.

Conclusions: Conclusions should be coherent with the hypothesis and objectives. Conclusions should be a short, clear, and concise text, without further discussions, and results should not be repeated here. This section must stand by itself, without requiring going back to the results and discussion sections. Do not use bulleted or numbered list to organize the conclusions.

References: Every reference cited along the text should be included in the Reference list (and vice versa). Personal communication is not recommended in the reference list. The Reference list should be organized first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary; more than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by letters (‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc.), placed after the publication year. Do not translate the references; they should be presented in their original language. It is not necessary to use a specific reference style at submission, as long as the style is consistent. The reference style adopted by the journal (Vancouver style adapted) will be mandatory only to the accepted manuscripts. The formatting requirements are shown below.

The RBCS has its reference template available in two of the most popular reference management software: Mendeley and Zotero. Using citation plug-ins from these software, the authors only need to select our journal template when preparing their article, after which citations and bibliographies will be automatically formatted in our journal’s style.

Users of Mendeley Desktop or Zotero can easily install the reference style for our journal by clicking the following link: https://www.sbcs.org.br/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/rbcs.csl_.zip When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using the Mendeley/Zotero plugins for Microsoft Word or LibreOffice.

The format of the references and citations must follow the orientations presented in this Guide. If you use reference management software, please ensure that you remove all field codes before submitting the electronic manuscript.

Citation in text
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Examples: Ferguson (2016) or (Ferguson, 2016).
Manuscripts with two authors should be cited as: Author 1 and Author 2 (Year) or (Author 1 and Author 2, Year). Examples: Silva and Smith (1975) or (Silva and Smith, 1975).
Manuscripts with three or more authors should be cited as first author’s last name followed by “et al.” and the year of publication. Example: Roberts et al. (2015) or (Roberts et al., 2015).
Groups of references should be listed first chronologically, then alphabetically. Examples: (Tanaka and Yano, 2005; Jackson et al., 2008).
References from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by letters ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc., placed after the publication year. Examples: Silva (1975a,b) or (Silva, 1975a,b).
Personal communication should be used only if absolutely necessary. In this case, the citation should be made informing the communicator’s name followed by the year, both in parentheses. Personal communication should not be included in the Reference section, but it should be linked to a numbered footnote, with the communicator’s name, the date when the information was collected, and the state and country of her/his institutional address.

Reference to a journal publication

Author AA, Author BB. Title of the manuscript. Abbreviated title of the journal. Year of publication; volume: beginning and ending pages. DOI. Journal names should be abbreviated according to the https://www.library.caltech.edu/journal-title-abbreviations. Examples:

Camargo LA, Marques Júnior J, Pereira GT. Spatial variability of physical properties of an Alfisol under different hillslope curvatures. Rev Bras Cienc Solo. 2010;34:617-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832010000300003

Brown DJ, Shepherd KD, Walsh MG, Mays MD, Reinsch TG. Global soil characterization with VNIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Geoderma. 2006;132:273-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.04.025

Reference to a book

Author AA, Author BB. Title of book. Number of the edition (if not first). Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Examples:

Klug HP, Alexander LE. X-ray diflraction procedures for polycrystalline and amorphous materials. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1974.

Ab’Sáber A. Os domínios de natureza no Brasil: potencialidades paisagísticas. 7. ed. São Paulo: Ateliê Editorial; 2012.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book
Author AA, Author BB. Title of the referenced part, followed by In: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of the publication. Number of the edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Beginning and ending pages. Examples:

Jackson ML. Chemical composition of soil. In: Bear FE, editor. Chemistry of the soil. 2nd ed. New York: Reinhold; 1964. p. 71-141.

Sharpley AN, Rekolainen S. Phosphorus in agriculture and its environmental implications. In: Tunney H, Carton OT, Brookes PC, Johnston AE, editors. Phosphorus loss from soil to water. New York, CAB International; 1997. p. 1-53.

Reference to a Conference Proceedings

Author AA, Author BB. Title of conference paper. In: type of publication, number, and title of the event [CD-ROM, when published in]; date of the event (Year Month Date); City and Country where meeting was carried out. City (of the Publisher): Publisher or Institution responsible for the publication; year of the edition (not always the same as the event). Pages of the study or the abstract. Examples:

Bailey TB, Swan JB, Higgs RL, Paulson WH. Long-term tillage effects on continuous corn yields. In: 8th Annual conference proceedings - Annual conference on applied statistics in agriculture; 1996 Apr 28-30; Manhattan, Kansas. Manhattan: Kansas State University Libraries; 1996. p. 17-32.

Reference to an Electronic Source

Author AA, Author BB (use the Organization if no individual author or editor is named). Title of referenced material. Place of publication: Publisher; year [cited Year Month Day]. Available from: URL

Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements - IRMM. Certified reference material BCR - 142R. 2007 [cited 2016 Jan 18]. Available from: http://www.lgcstandards.com/medias/sys_master/pdfs/pdfs/ha6/hc4/9208111169566/BCR-142R-ST-WB-CERT-1515931-1-1-1.pdf.

Reference to a Thesis, Dissertation or Monography

Author AA. Title (include the subtitle if there is one) [academic degree]. City: Institution where it was defended; year. Example:

Brienza S Jr. Biomass dynamics of fallow vegetation enriched with leguminous trees in the Eastern Amazon of Brazil [thesis]. Göttingen: University of Göttingen; 1999.

Tables: Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables should not be included in the main document and they should have portrait (not landscape) orientation. They should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numbers. Each table should be self-explanatory, containing the elements that allow readers to understand the table's content without having to go back to the text. The descriptive title above it should be brief, but with enough information to describe the variables and their cause-effect relationships. Supplementary information should be placed in footnotes (for example: the methodologies used to determine the properties values presented in the table). The footnotes should be indicated by superscript numbers in parentheses (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table’s body. Horizontal lines should only be used in header lines, to highlight variables, and in the last line of the table. Units should be placed in the body of the table, on the first line above the numerical values (results). Vertical and horizontal lines should not appear in the body of the table. Tables should be created using a table tool of the text editing software, preferably from MS Word or MS Excel. Avoid tables which have only a few rows and columns, try stating the findings in a few sentences. Information in small tables can often be presented better in the text. Do not insert blank columns or rows. Asterisks or letters next to values indicating statistical significance should appear in the same cell as the value, not an adjacent cell (i.e., they should not have their own column). Revisions, such as adjustments of tables, may be requested after manuscript acceptance.

Figures: Figures encompass two- or three-dimensional graphs, images, and schematic models. Do not include figures in the main manuscript file. Figures should have portrait (not landscape) orientation and be numbered sequentially with Arabic numbers. The title should appear below the figure and should be brief but sufficiently detailed to stand on its own. Notes below the figure can be used to present additional information. For multipart figures, each part should be labeled (a), (b), (c),⋯, sequentially. And each part should be described in the caption. Avoid using figures with more than four sub-figures, and it is not allowed to insert graphs as an image. For review (submission), figures may be submitted in EPS, TIFF, and PDF formats (JPG and GIF formats are acceptable). However, editable figures must be provided after manuscript acceptance. Photographs should be in tagged image (TIF) format with 500 dpi. Be sure that the overall style in the figures follows the journal standards. For example, if you use Mg ha-1 in the text, do not use Mg/ha in the figures. Minor revisions in the figures may be requested after manuscript acceptance.

Formulae and equations: They should be inserted as editable text and not as image. Formulae and equations should be created using the equation editor available in text editing software such as MS Word or any other tool which allow to edit them. Equations should be cited along the text as “equation 1”, using a lowercase letter; or highlighted in parenthesis (Equation 1). Equations should be numbered consecutively as Eq.1, Eq. 2, Eq. 3, etc. at the right-hand side.

Supplementary File: The supplementary material allows presenting a more concise and clearer manuscript. Supplementary material encompasses tables, figures, schematic models, photographs, and datasheet, which are additional or complementary to support the scientific paper. Each supplementary material should contain a concise and descriptive caption. The supplementary material should not be cited in the main manuscript text. Supplementary material will be published as received from the author, without any conversion, editing, or reformatting; therefore, it should be clearly and succinctly presented, and its formatting style should conform with that adopted for the whole paper. The link to the supplementary material, if any, will be inserted after the Reference section
 

 

Review process

 
To do so, the author should access the Author Centre (at ScholarOne) and click on Create a Revision. In step one, it is mandatory to prepare a text with general and specifics answers to ALL questions raised and suggestions made by the reviewers and editorial board, indicating in which lines changes were done; this text should be inserted in a text box named “your response”. In the following steps, the author will be required to upload the revised version of the manuscript (main document). In this step, the author must provide a main document file with ALL changes (removals and additions) made in the revision process. Any revisions should be clearly highlighted using the "Track Changes" function in Microsoft Word, so that they are easily visible to the editors and reviewers.
 

After acceptance

 

After acceptance, the process will be conducted by e-mail (autores@sbcs.org.br).

Procedures: If necessary, the corresponding author will be requested to: apply the reference style adopted by the journal and to edit/format figures and tables. To ensure correct spelling and formal style, the editor may request, if necessary, a text revision by one of the specialists indicated in this guidance.
 
Graphical abstract: The graphical abstract is mandatory. The corresponding author should send a graph, image or schematic model, which summarized the main findings or relevant information of the manuscript. The graphical abstract should be submitted in a separate editable file (saved directly from the original artwork or plotting device) to allow reformatting the original editable drawing. The graphical abstract will only be displayed in the online manuscript, at the Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo's website.

 

Publication fees

 

Publication expenses – including those of the peer review management, journal production, and online hosting and archiving – are covered by charging a publication fee.

For Brazilian and foreign manuscripts in which the first author and the corresponding author are members of the Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo – SBCS (Brazilian Soil Science Society), the publication fee per page is R$ 80.00 and $ 70.00, respectively. If the first author and the corresponding author are not members of the SBCS, the publication fee is R$ 200.00 and $ 100.00 for Brazilian and foreign manuscripts, respectively.
 

Additional information

 

General guidelines for manuscript enhancement will be presented below. Some of them will not be mandatory in the peer-review phase but may be requested after manuscript acceptance. Units should be adopted according to the International System of Units (SI).
Some examples of data presentation are shown below:

Incorrect

Correct

72 hours

72 h

5 minutes

5 min

3 seconds

3 s

10 liters

10 L

20 ml

20 mL

3 tons

3 Mg

25°C

25 °C

3 m × 3 m

3 × 3 m

5%

5 %

4%, 6%, and 12%

4, 6, and 12 %

5 m and 16 m

5 and 16 m

1 M HCl

HCl 1 mol L-1 or 1 mol L-1 of HCl

1 mM

1 mmol L-1

grams per pot

g per pot

grams per plant

g per plant

tons per hectare per year

Mg ha-1 yr-1

Do not express solute concentration as normality

Use mol L-1

23°C to 27 °C

23 to 27 ° or 23-27 °C

Ca++

Ca2+

5YR

5 YR

4±0.2

4 ± 0.2

kg/ha, mol/L, Mg/m-3, etc.

kg ha-1, mol L-1, Mg m-3, etc.

 

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Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo Secretaria Executiva , Caixa Postal 231, 36570-000 Viçosa MG Brasil, Tel.: (55 31) 3899 2471 - Viçosa - MG - Brazil
E-mail: sbcs@ufv.br