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(Updated: 2023/07/24)

About the journal


Basic Information


Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo (RBCS), edited by the Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo (SBCS), publishes peer-reviewed manuscripts. The RBCS aims to disseminate original and relevant contributions in different areas of Soil Science, promoting the sustainable use of this resource, maintaining productivity and food security, and mitigating climate change.

Manuscripts submitted to the RBCS must fit within the themes of the SBCS Scientific Divisions and Commissions, which are consistent with those of the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS), as described below.



  • Soil Genesis and Morphology
  • Soil Survey and Classification
  • Pedometrics
  • Paleopedology


  • Soil Biology
  • Soil Physics
  • Soil Mineralogy
  • Soil Chemistry


  • Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition
  • Lime and Fertilizer
  • Soil and Water Management and Conservation
  • Land Use Planning
  • Soil Pollution, Remediation and Reclamation of Degraded Areas


  • Soil Education and Public Perception of Soil
  • Soil and Food Security
  • History, Epistemology and Sociology of Soil Science


RBCS adopts an electronic format with e-ISSN 1806-9657 and is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY) international attribution 4.0. Accepted papers are continuously published on the RBCS website and on the Scientific Electronic Library Online SciELO-Brasil.





The journal is published without discontinuity since 1977. After 1996, three numbers started to be published annually. From 1997 to 2002 and 2003 to 2015, the journal periodicity was four and six numbers published per year, respectively. During all these years, the journal was published in printed form.

RBCS adopted electronic submission in 2007 with its own software, but in 2015, an internationally recognized submission and processing platform, ScholarOne, was adopted. In 2016, the journal was submitted to a significant restructuring when the electronic format was adopted; moved to a continuous publication model; the manuscripts started to be published exclusively in English, although it was optional since 2007; and the editorial and the manuscripts review process board was restructured. 

Throughout 2021, RBCS began planning to implement Open Science practices. Up to 2025, it is expected that all articles published in the journal will use Preprint servers, deposit their data in repositories, and be submitted to an open review process, which means that authors and reviewers know the identity of each other.



Editorial Policy


The journal management is performed by the Editorial Board, composed of two Editors-in-Chief, a Technical Editor, and Associate Editors. The submitted manuscripts are forwarded by the technical editor for technical pre-screening. A general check is performed to ensure that the manuscript: i) is complete (i.e., title page, cover letter, main document, figures, and tables); ii) complies with instructions provided in the Guide for Authors; iii) is within of journal scope; and iv) is original, which means that the manuscript will be checked by an originality detection service. Submitted papers not meeting these requirements will be returned to the authors, who may re-submit their manuscript after corrections.

A manuscript with accepted submission is assigned to one of an Associate Editor (AE), who verifies the manuscript suitability to the journal scope and, in additionality, he/she examines if the manuscript is novel in Soil Science. The AE also assesses the specific scientific merit, and then sends the manuscript to at least three ad hoc reviewers with appropriate knowledge, skills, methodological expertise, and experience to assess the manuscript. Based on the comments of at least two reviewers and on its own experience, the AE recommends if the manuscript should be rejected, accepted, or needs revision before acceptance for publication. The final decision is taken by the Editor-in-Chief, based on AE and reviewers’ recommendations. Manuscripts whose processing were interrupted by the AE, will also be forwarded to Editor-in-Chief for final decision. Other responsabilities of the Editor-in-Chief are coordinating activities developed by AE and reviewers, and keeping a communication channel with the authors. The manuscript processing is conducted without anonymity until reaching the AE, which means that identities are not disclosed only between authors and ad hoc reviewers.

After the manuscript is published, all the publication rights are reserved to the RBCS. The manuscripts will be available at the journal website and in online libraries, such as SciELO, or any other database in which RBCS becomes indexed in the future. 

The RBCS applies the Creative Commons (CC BY) license to published manuscripts. This license allows others to use, reproduce, disseminate, or display the article in any way, including for commercial purposes, so long as they credit the author for the original creation.

Authors are responsible for all ideas and information presented in the manuscripts, which may not necessarily reflect the views of the RBCS’s Editors and Editorial Board.





Manuscripts published in Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo are indexed in the following databases:

  • Web of Science
  • Scientific Electronic Library Online – SciELO
  • Directory of Open Acess Journal – DOAJ
  • Scopus




Besides the financial resources arising from the publication fees, the RBCS receives financial support from Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo (SBCS) and Brazilian government agencies such as Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG).



Ethical Principles Adopted by RBCS


RBCS adopts the ethical guidelines of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) to ensure integrity in all steps of the editorial process and the integrity of all those involved. Responsibilities and actions assumed by the journal to promote integrity in the publication process and procedures foreseen in cases of suspicion or proof of misconduct are described below.



Responsibilities of the Editor-in-Chief


The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for implementing the policies established for publication and for supervising the publishing process and relations of the journal with the authors, reviewers, readers, indexers, research support agencies, the scientific community, and the general public. It is incumbent upon the Editor-in-Chief to designate Associate Editors based on their scientific production and area of soil science knowledge. In addition, the Editor-in-Chief is responsible for ensuring transparency and quality control in the publishing process.



Responsibilities of Associate Editors


Associate Editors should ensure that the peer review process is based on academic neutrality and impartiality; safeguard the confidentiality of the reviewers; contribute to the investigation and evaluation of cases in which there is suspicion of misconduct or anti-ethical behavior; detect whether there are financial interests compromise the ethical standards of publication; ensure, in the best manner possible, that there is no plagiarism or fraudulent data or results; and ensure that the links indicated regarding Preprint deposit and/or data repository are valid and meet the criteria of RBCS.



Responsibilities of the Reviewer


Reviewers must respect the confidentiality of the review and non-disclosure of any manuscript detail during or after the review process, as well as the guidelines that RBCS promotes. The journal is committed to the principles of Open Science and will progressively offer reviewers and authors the possibility of revealing their identities if they so desire. Thus, reviewers must manifest their prior agreement through consultation made by the Editorial Committee.

Reviewers must: decline to evaluate any text if there are, in view of their own analysis, conflicting interests; accept invitations only when they are able to carry out the assessment within the stipulated deadline; maintain confidentiality about revised texts; not use the information contained in the manuscript for their benefit until the publication of the article; verify that the data are available in open access repositories and that they are valid and reliable; indicate possible relevant published references that are not cited in the text.



Identification of misconduct


The RBCS ensures that all authors review and certifiably accept responsibility for the content published and register individual contributions to the manuscript. If there is any authorship question, the corresponding author is contacted, and if necessary, the contact is extended to the other authors. In the event of an impasse, the institutions of affiliation of the authors or the funding institutions involved in the research development are consulted.

The journal uses a software that checks for duplications of already published texts to ensure the originality of the texts. In the event of an occurrence of similarity, the Editor-in-Chief contacts the corresponding author for clarification and, if necessary, contacts all the authors. If duplication is proven, the institutions of affiliation of the authors or the funding institutions involved in the development of the research are contacted.

In cases of doubt involving citations given and respective references, the document cited is checked or requested to be sent. If greater clarification is necessary, the Editor-in-Chief will contact the corresponding author and, if necessary, all the authors. If editors or reviewers identify an excess of self-citation of authors and/or of the journal during the editorial process, the corresponding author will be contacted and, if necessary, all the other authors as well, who will provide clarification as a basis for making a decision.

Editors and reviewers should practice impartiality, integrity, and confidentiality in their evaluation, prioritizing constructive criticism and the deadline agreed upon with the journal. When there are doubts or questions, the Editor-in-Chief should contact the corresponding assistant editor and/or the reviewers.

Fabricating or falsifying data and images is serious misconduct. RBCS has a careful evaluation process in identifying such misconduct and, if there are questions concerning the origin of the data, the authors will be required to send information corroborating the methodology and the results presented. If misconduct is identified, the institutions of affiliation of the authors or the funding institutions involved in development of the research will be informed. Suspicions of possible cases of misconduct can be sent to the e-mail:

Suspicions of misconduct will be investigated by the journal under the highest academic and ethical rigor standards so that all questions are settled. RBCS is committed to publishing corrections, clarifications, retractions, and notes of concern if necessary. In the face of any complaint or observation of misconduct of whatever party, the editorial process of the manuscript under investigation will be suspended, and all parties involved will be informed of the reason for this action. The evaluation process can be resumed if misconduct is not substantiated. Otherwise, depending on the party involved, one or more actions can be taken: the manuscript will be removed from the process; the journal will not receive submissions from the group of authors; the editor will be removed from his/her functions in the journal; or the reviewer will not provide further contributions to the journal.

A published article, in which misconduct is identified, remains indexed in the SciELO database under the condition of being retracted. The retraction documents the reason for the retraction, which will be duly referenced through communication of the author or editor or other authorized agent, and published in the same journal. The retraction may be partial when the misconduct applies to a specific part of the article, without, however, compromising the whole of the published study. The article cannot be “unpublished”. Cases of errors or flaws, regardless of their nature or origin, that do not constitute misconduct, are corrected through errata / corrigenda. The journal will publish errata, corrigenda, or retractions as quickly as possible. 



Editorial Board


Editorial board


The Editorial Board of the Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo is powered a very diverse group of Brazilian and international researchers, which are committed to publishing high-quality papers and contributing to the advance of Soil Science knowledge.

Our editorial board is divided in:





José Miguel Reichert, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria - RS, Brasil

Reinaldo Bertola Cantarutti, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa - MG, Brasil



Editorial Team

  Technical editor: Rafaella Campos 
Editorial secretary: Denise Machado Goulart (


Editores Associados


Soil Genesis and Morphology

Marcos Gervasio Pereira – Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Soil Survey and Classification

José Coelho de Araújo Filho – EMBRAPA Solos, Brazil


Pablo Vidal Torrado – Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, USP, Brazil
Richard J. Heck – University of Guelph, Canada
Waldir de Carvalho Junior – EMBRAPA Solos, Brazil


Soil Biology

Adriana Giongo – Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Jerri Edson Zilli – EMBRAPA Agrobiologia, Brazil
Julio Neil Cassa Louzada – – Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Juvenil Enrique Cares – Universidade de Brasília, Brazil
Leônidas Azevedo Carrijo Melo – Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Marco Aurélio Carbone Carneiro – Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Marliane de Cássia Soares da Silva – Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brazil
Pedro Antunes – Algoma University, Canada
Quirijn de Jong Van Lier – Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, USP, Brazil
Sidney Stürmer – Universidade de Blumenau, Brazil
Tine Grebenc – Slovenian Forestry Institute (Gozdarski inštitut Slovenije), Slovenia


Soil Physics

Cássio Antônio Tormena – Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Brazil
Edivan Rodrigues de Souza – Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
João Tavares Filho – Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Brazil
Milton César Costa Campos – Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Brazil
Wenceslau Geraldes Teixeira – Embrapa Solos, Brazil
Yakov Pachepsky – United States Department of Agriculture / Agricultural Research Service, USA


Soil Mineralogy

Alberto Vasconcellos Indá Júnior – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Laurent Caner – Universidade de Poitiers, France
Vidal Barrón Lopez de Torre – Universidad de Córdoba, Spain


Soil Chemistry

Etelvino Henrique Novotny – EMBRAPA-Solos, Brazil
Heike Knicker – Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Sevilla, Spain
Leandro Souza da Silva – Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Maria Betânia Galvão dos Santos – Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil


Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition; Lime and Fertilizer; Soil Pollution, Remediation and Reclamation of Degraded Areas

Adelson Paulo de Araújo – Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Edicarlos Damacena Souza – Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Brazil
Guillaume Echevarria – University of Lorraine, France
Richard Bell – Murdoch University, Australia
Tales Tiecher – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil


Soil and Water Management and Conservation; Land Use Planning

Clístenes Willians Araújo do Nascimento – Universidade Federal Rural do Pernambuco, Brazil
Gustavo Henrique Merten – University of Minnesota Duluth, USA
Jackson A. Albuquerque – Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Jean Paolo Gomes Minella – Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Jeferson Dieckow – Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil
Luciano da Silva Souza – Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Brazil
Yuri Jacques Agra Bezerra da Silva – Universidade Federal do Piauí, Brazil


Soil Education and Public Perception of Soil; Soil and Food Security; History, Epistemology and Sociology of Soil Science

Déborah de Oliveira – Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Ricardo Simão Diniz Dalmolin – Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Winfried E. H. Blum – Universität Wien, Austria



Editorial production

  IR Publicações  



Instructions to authors




Although the journal only publishes manuscripts in English, RBCS accepts manuscripts written in Portuguese and English. The manuscripts submitted should be revised by a professional, particularly if English is not the author’s native language. The pre-submission revision is not mandatory but it may ensure that the scientific content is fully understood by the editors and reviewers. The review process of manuscripts with inappropriate English will be interrupted/rejected by the editors or reviewer(s). Even after approval, the editors/reviewers may request, if necessary, a text revision by one of the specialists indicated herein. If the manuscript was submitted in Portuguese, after approval, it must be translated by a professional reviewer indicated by the RBCS. The translation cost is supported by the authors. 



Exclusivity and originality


Manuscripts submitted or published, even in partial form, in another journal will not be accepted. This exclusivity must be declared in the cover letter. Manuscripts whose content has been published in the form of an abstract, published lecture, or academic thesis/dissertation/monography are accepted. The lack of conformity of the manuscript regarding exclusivity and originality will be the sole responsibility of the corresponding author. Depositing manuscripts in Preprint servers does not characterize previous publication. RBCS accepts and even encourages that manuscripts be deposited in these servers.



Competing interests


The cover letter should contain a declaration of any competing interests or of the absence of competing interests of a financial, personal, or any other nature that may have influenced production of the manuscript.





All authors must have an Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier (ORCID iD), which will be required during submission to ScholarOneTM. The following link: contains instructions on how to insert the Orcid id in ScholarOne. The corresponding author must declare in the cover letter that all authors are aware of and have approved the manuscript submission. The lack of awareness or disagreement with the submission by any one of the authors will result in interruption in processing of the manuscript. The corresponding author can not be changed. Any addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made before the manuscript is accepted. The contribution of each author to the research proposal, implementation, dat and analysis, and writing of the manuscript must also be declared in the title page, according to the criteria established by the CRediT – Contributor Roles Taxonomy.





Manuscripts must be in accordance with the standards for scientific writing. The publication of an experiment in parts (fractionation of the content) should be avoided, but if it proves necessary, these manuscripts should be submitted in sequence, and indicated in corresponding cover letters. RBCS accepts the following manuscript types:

Original research papers (regular papers) They should be based on an original scientific hypothesis that has not yet been clarified. The hypothesis must be tested through experimentation and/or theoretical models and based on the scientific method, with adequate statistical planning and discussion. Priority will be given to manuscripts that contribute to the understanding of processes and mechanisms occurring in the soil. Comparisons of methods, varieties, types of management, etc. may, exceptionally, be considered for publication as a scientific article when they provide a well-argued and/or logical scientific basis, if they solve an important problem in the field, or if there is a significant conceptual advance. It is desirable that the manuscript follows the formal structure (Title, Highlights, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, References and may contain Tables and Figures). However, as long as duly justified in the cover letter, this structure can be changed for a better presentation of the manuscript's content. The inclusion of supplementary material is allowed (see Submission).

Methods Papers – This describes significant advances and innovative aspects of a technique, a device/instrument, a new species, or observations and data collection limited to non-repeatable experiments or other unique situations. It is not an article of inferior quality, and it has the same scientific value as an original research publication. This type of manuscript is, in general, shorter than the scientific article. It may have the conventional structure required for original research papers. Supplementary material is also allowed.

Review articles – This type of manuscript may be submitted spontaneously or through invitation by the Editor-in-Chief, but the same review process will be used for approval. Review articles should report the state of knowledge on a specific topic, be analytical and critical, and present suggestions for future research.

Mini-Reviews –  These are short and timely reviews about the recent advances in Soil Science. Authors that wish to prepare a mini-review are encouraged to contact the Editor-in-Chief prior to submitting a manuscript. Mini-reviews should present less than 2500 words, 50 references, and four figures or tables.

Opinion Papers – These present a personal and original perspective on an important research topic related to Soil Science. They should aim to stimulate debate or new research, cover controversial topics, or provide a new framework for, or interpretation of, an old problem or current issue, or speculate on the implications of some recent research.

Letter to the editor – This should be a critical comment on a manuscript published by RBCS. In the latter case, the right of counter argument will be granted to the authors.

Prior to submission – PREPRINT

The new modus operandi in international science has aimed at greater accessibility, transparency, agility in sharing information, and cooperation. Depositing full studies in Preprint servers prior to or in parallel with submission of the manuscript is one of the aspects in achieving these objectives and is, therefore, a practice encouraged by RBCS. 

Authors should give priority to reliable Preprint servers, with transparency and ease of access, and they should preferentially have affinity to soil science (see recommendations on the site of RBCS). In accordance with good practices, the manuscript should be submitted to a single Preprint server. RBCS recommends that authors deposit their manuscripts in the SciELO Preprint (a server that receives manuscripts from all areas of knowledge). However, authors may also select reliable servers dedicated to disseminating studies within the area of soil science. During the peer review process conducted by RBCS, the authors should not use the comments of revisors and editors to improve the Preprint version. If the manuscript is rejected, the suggestions can be incorporated into the Preprint version. Immediately after the publication of the article in RBCS, the authors that have manuscripts in Preprint should communicate the DOI of the final publication to the Preprint server. 






All manuscripts must be submitted online through ScholarOneTM, an online submission and paper management system, which can be accessed using the following links:

The documents required for submission are the cover letter, title page, Open Science Compliance Form, and main document. Tables, figures, and supplemental files are optional.



Formatting requirements


All documents should be created using word processing software, preferably Microsoft Word. The text should be left aligned, in a 12-point font, and with 1.5 line spacing throughout the entire document. Manuscripts should be prepared without line numbering, since the online submission system will perform this automatically when converting the submitted files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process.



Cover letter


The cover letter must contain: 1) manuscript title; 2) a statement that the paper is original and that neither the manuscript nor any part of its content was previously published in print or electronical form and that they are not under consideration for publication by any other journal or electronic medium; 3) a statement certifying that all authors approved the submitted manuscript; 4) a statement that there is no competing interest (financial, personal, or institutional) associated with the information and results disclosed in the manuscript; and 5) information about the relevance of the manuscript, in which the authors indicate the suitability of the manuscript within the scope of the RBCS, highlight the problem, hypothesis, and objectives, and emphasize the main findings and why they are significant to increasing knowledge in the area of soil science.



Title page


The title page must contain the manuscript title and authors’ names without abbreviation and without academic degrees. The current authors’ affiliation and addresses should be presented below the names, indicating the institution (university, institute, research center, etc.), department, graduate program, city, state, and country, without abbreviation and translation. Link all affiliations with their respective authors using a superscript number in parentheses immediately after the author’s name and before the institutional address. It is necessary to signal the corresponding author with an asterisk and indicate his/her email and cell phone number. Individuals who assisted the research (e.g., language assistance, writing assistance, proofreading the article, etc.) and public or private organizations/institutions that provided financial or logistical support to conduct the study should also be acknowledged.



Open Science Compliance Form

  RBCS accepts and encourages, though does not currently oblige, depositing manuscripts in Preprint servers, and data and other article support materials in a data repository. In that respect, at the time of submission, it is necessary to fill out the Open Science Compliance Form.  


Main document


The main document must contain title, highlights, abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, or results and discussion, conclusions, and references.

Title: It should be concise and informative of no more than 20 words, avoiding symbols, abbreviations, and formulae. Consider that titles are often used in information-retrieval systems.

Highlights: This section is for provision of 3-5 bullet points that convey the core findings detailed in the manuscript. Each bullet point may have a maximum of 85 characters, including spaces.

Abstract: The abstract must be concise, factual, and informative, not exceeding 400 words. The abstract is an independent section, often presented separately from the manuscript; therefore, it must be able to stand alone and supply the main information about the manuscript. The abstract must start with a brief sentence that clearly introduces the problem and the relevance of the manuscript. The objective should be explicitly stated. It must present relevant information about materials and methods, the main results, and major conclusions. References, symbols, and non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided. If it is necessary to use symbols or abbreviations, they must be defined in the abstract itself when first mentioned.

Keywords: Up to five relevant keywords can be selected, which must differ from the words used in the manuscript title. Prepositions and conjunctions (of, or, and) should be avoided, as well as terms composed of more than three words. Only abbreviations that are firmly established may be appropriate.

Introduction: The introduction must be clear and concise, but sufficient to present the problem addressed and show existing gaps in knowledge. Bibliographic citations should be specific and selected from the most relevant and recent studies, preferably from journals with high impact factors. Theses, dissertations, newsletters, congress proceedings, and documents that are difficult to access should be avoided. The hypothesis should be explicitly stated. A hypothesis is a statement (written in the present tense) that establishes a cause-effect relationship, and it should be supported or rejected through the experimentation; it is to be used to construct the conclusions. The objectives should be stated at the end of the introduction.

Materials and methods: This section can be subdivided into short headings referring to the methods/procedures adopted. The information should be organized in a logical manner to enable full understanding. Materials and methods should provide sufficient details to allow the study to be replicated by an independent researcher. Field studies should contain the location of data collection, with geographic coordinates, climatic conditions, and soil classification. Manuscripts describing research carried out in Brazil must have soil classification according to the Brazilian Soil Classification System (SiBCS, edition 2018), along with equivalent classification (in parentheses) consistent with international systems (Soil Taxonomy or WRB). To classify the soils according to the international systems, the authors should access the Table of Partial Equivalence provided on this website or in Appendix J (Anexo J) of the SiBCS. Manuscripts from foreign authors, with soils completely analyzed and classified based on WRB or Soil Taxonomy, are not required to use the SiBCS. Methods that are well known and already published should be indicated by a reference, and only relevant modifications should be described. Specific reagents and models and brands of equipment should be cited only if this information is essential for replicating the study. The experimental design and the statistical methods used to analyze the data should be clearly described. Software used in the statistical analysis should be indicated only if relevant.

Results: Results must be clear and concise. They should be presented using tables or, preferably, figures containing graphics, images, or schematic models. The use of more than four tables and four figures should be avoided, as well as restating numeric values that have already been presented in tables and figures. Tables and figures should be presented throughout the text as “table 1” or “figure 2”, using a lowercase letter; or highlighted in parenthesis (Table 1 or Figure 2).

Discussion: In this section, the authors should present the significance of the results obtained, without repeating them. Scientific evidences that support the acceptance or rejection of the research hypothesis should be presented. The discussion should support the conclusions. Avoid excessive citations, such as those used to point out basic concepts or common knowledge.

Results and Discussion: RBCS accepts that results and discussion be written in a single topic, although the journal encourages that they be presented in separate topics. For both situations the specific recommendations are the same.

Conclusions: Conclusions should be consistent with the hypothesis(es) and objective(s). Conclusions should be presented in a short, clear, and concise text, without further discussion; and results should not be repeated here. This section must stand by itself, without the need to return to the results and discussion sections. Do not use bulleted or numbered lists to organize the conclusions.

References: Every reference cited in the text should be included in the References list (and vice versa). It is not necessary to use a specific reference style at submission, as long as the style is consistent. The reference style adopted by the journal (adapted Vancouver style) will be mandatory only for accepted manuscripts. The formatting requirements are shown below. The RBCS has a reference template available in two of the most popular reference management software programs: Mendeley and Zotero. Using citation plug-ins from these programs, the authors only need to select our journal template when preparing their article, after which citations and bibliographies will be automatically formatted in the style of our journal. Users of Mendeley Desktop or Zotero can easily install the template of the Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo by the programs or by the link: This style can then be selected using the Mendeley/Zotero plugins for Microsoft Word or LibreOffice in preparation of the manuscript.

If the data of the article are deposited in a data repository or if the authors use data from a third party, these data must be cited in the manuscript and included in the Bibliographical References. Information on personal communication should not be placed in the References list. Manuscripts deposited in Preprint servers can be cited; however, the use of information not validated by a peer review process is under the responsibility of the authors. The References list should be organized first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically, if necessary; more than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by letters (‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc.), placed after the year of publication. Do not translate the references; they should be presented in their original language. 

The format of the references and citations must follow the guidelines presented in this Guide. If reference management software is used, ensure that all field codes are removed before submitting the electronic manuscript.



Citations in the text

Citations may be made directly or parenthetically – for example: Ferguson (2016) or (Ferguson, 2016).

Manuscripts with two authors should be cited as Author 1 and Author 2 (year) or (Author 1 and Author 2, year) – for example: Silva and Smith (1975) or (Silva and Smith, 1975).

Manuscripts with three or more authors should be cited using the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” and the year of publication – for example: Roberts et al. (2015) or (Roberts et al., 2015).

Groups of references should be listed first chronologically, then alphabetically – for example: (Mercato et al., 2005; Tanaka and Yano, 2005; Ferreira et al., 2006; Jackson et al., 2008).

References from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by letters ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc., placed after the year of publication – for example: Silva (1975a,b) or (Silva, 1975a,b).

Personal communication should be used only if absolutely necessary. In this case, the citation should be made indicating the communicator’s name, followed by the year, both in parentheses. Personal communication should not be included in the References section, but should be linked to a numbered footnote, with the communicator’s name, the date when the information was collected, and the state and country of her/his institutional address.


Reference to a journal publication

Author AA, Author BB. Title of the manuscript. Abbreviated title of the journal. Year of publication; volume: beginning and ending pages. DOI.

Journal names should be abbreviated according to Examples:

Camargo LA, Marques Júnior J, Pereira GT. Spatial variability of physical properties of an Alfisol under different hillslope curvatures. Rev Bras Cienc Solo. 2010;34:617-30.

Brown DJ, Shepherd KD, Walsh MG, Mays MD, Reinsch TG. Global soil characterization with VNIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Geoderma. 2006;132:273-90.


Reference to a book

Author AA, Author BB. Title of book. Number of the edition (if not first). Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication. Examples:

Klug HP, Alexander LE. X-ray diffraction procedures for polycrystalline and amorphous materials. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1974.

Ab’Sáber A. Os domínios de natureza no Brasil: potencialidades paisagísticas. 7. ed. São Paulo: Ateliê Editorial; 2012.


Reference to a book chapter

Author AA, Author BB. Title of the referenced part, followed by In: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of the publication. Number of the edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication. Beginning and ending pages. Examples:

Jackson ML. Chemical composition of soil. In: Bear FE, editor. Chemistry of the soil. 2nd ed. New York: Reinhold; 1964. p. 71-141.

Sharpley AN, Rekolainen S. Phosphorus in agriculture and its environmental implications. In: Tunney H, Carton OT, Brookes PC, Johnston AE, editors. Phosphorus loss from soil to water. New York: CAB International; 1997. p. 1-53.


Reference to conference proceedings

Author AA, Author BB. Title of conference paper. In: type of publication, number, and title of the event [CD-ROM, when published in this format]; date of the event (year month day); city and country where meeting was held. City (of the publisher): publisher or institution responsible for the publication; year of the edition (not always the same as the event). Pages of the study or the abstract. Examples:

Bailey TB, Swan JB, Higgs RL, Paulson WH. Long-term tillage effects on continuous corn yields. In: 8th Annual conference proceedings – Annual conference on applied statistics in agriculture; 1996 Apr 28-30; Manhattan, Kansas. Manhattan: Kansas State University Libraries; 1996. p. 17-32.


Reference to an electronic source

Author AA, Author BB (use the name of the organization if no individual author or editor is named). Title of referenced material. Place of publication: Publisher; year [cited year month day]. Available from: URL

Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements – IRMM. Certified reference material BCR – 142R; 2007 [cited 2016 Jan 18]. Available from:


Reference to a thesis, dissertation, or monograph

Author AA. Title (include the subtitle if there is one) [academic degree]. City: institution where it was defended; year. Example:

Brienza S Jr. Biomass dynamics of fallow vegetation enriched with leguminous trees in the Eastern Amazon of Brazil [thesis]. Göttingen: University of Göttingen; 1999.

Reference to information in data repositories

Author AA. Data from: Title of dataset [dataset]. In: Data repository [internet]. City (State); year [cited 2020 Sep 10]. Available from: electronic identifier or url. Example:

Rabia AH. Data from: Spatial distribution of heavy metal contamination in soils using remote sensing and GIS techniques [dataset]. In: Figshare [internet]. Athens (Georgia); 2019 [cited 2020 Sep 14]. Available from:



Author AA. Title of manuscript. To be published in Name of Journal (if accepted). Preprint Server [Preprint]. Year [cited year month day]. Available from: electronic identifier or url.

Ugaz-Hoyos J, Vega-Cruz H, Iglesias-Osores S. Biosurfactants in the bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soils. SciELO Preprint [Preprint]. 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 14]. Available from:


Tables: Submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables should not be included in the main document and they should have portrait (not landscape) orientation. They should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numbers. Each table should be self-explanatory, containing the elements that allow readers to understand the content of the table without having to go back to the text. The descriptive title above the table should be brief, but with enough information to describe the variables and their cause-effect relationships. Supplementary information should be placed in footnotes (for example, the methodologies used to determine the values of the properties presented in the table). The footnotes should be indicated by superscript numbers in parentheses (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the body of the table. Horizontal lines should only be used in header lines to highlight variables and in the last line of the table. Units should be placed in the body of the table, on the first line above the numerical values (results). Vertical and horizontal lines should not appear in the body of the table. Tables should be created using a table tool of text editing software, preferably from MS Word or MS Excel. Avoid tables that have only a few rows and columns; try stating the findings in a few sentences. Information that would create small tables can often be presented better in the text. Do not insert blank columns or rows. Asterisks or letters next to values indicating statistical significance should appear in the same cell as the value, not in an adjacent cell (i.e., they should not have their own column). Revisions, such as adjustments of tables, may be requested after manuscript acceptance.

Figures: Figures include representations of two- or three-dimensional graphs, images, and schematic models. Figures should me included in end of the main document. Figures should have portrait (not landscape) orientation and be numbered sequentially with Arabic numbers. The title should appear below the figure and should be brief but sufficiently detailed for the figure to stand on its own. Notes below the figure can be used to present additional information. For multipart figures, each part should be labeled (a), (b), (c),⋯, sequentially, and each part should be described in the caption. Figures should not have more than four sub-figures, and they cannot be inserted as images. For review (submission), figures may be submitted in EPS, TIFF, and PDF formats (JPG and GIF formats are acceptable). However, if the manuscript is accepted for publication, editable figures must be provided. Photographs should be in tagged image format (TIF), with 500 dpi. Be sure that the overall style in the figures is standardized. For example, if Mg ha-1 is used in the text, Mg/ha should not be used in the figures. Minor revisions in the figures may be requested after manuscript acceptance.

Formulae and equations: They should be inserted as editable text and not as images. Formulae and equations should be created using the equation editor available in text editing software such as MS Word or any other tool which allows editing. Equations should be cited within the text as “equation 1”, using a lowercase letter; or highlighted in parenthesis (Equation 1). Equations should be numbered consecutively as Eq.1, Eq. 2, Eq. 3, etc. at the right-hand side.

Supplementary Files: Supplementary provides a more concise and clearer manuscript. Supplementary material includes tables, figures, schematic models, photographs, and datasheets that are additional or complementary to support the scientific paper. All supplementary material should contain a concise and descriptive caption. The supplementary material should not be cited in the main manuscript text. Supplementary material will be published as received from the author, without any conversion, editing, or reformatting; therefore, it should be clearly and succinctly presented, and its format should be in conformity with that adopted for the whole paper. If the manuscript has supplementary material, add a section called “Supplementary data” after the conclusions. This section must contain the following information: “Supplementary data to this article can be found online at”.

Data repository: It is desirable that, up to the time of publication of the article, the data, methods, program codes, images, videos, or other materials supporting the article be available through open access. As part of good practices, the data should be deposited in a single repository. In selecting the data repository, check for its reliability, reputation, accessibility, and visibility, and if it is affiliated with recognized institutions. Check if it is aligned with the FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable) principles. RBCS accepts articles with their data deposited in the SciELO database or in other servers established for the purpose of deposit of research data related to soil science. Options for repositories directed to soil science can be accessed through the link:






This journal uses a double-blind review, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa. However, authors that choose to place their manuscripts in Preprint servers will be under the modality of single-blind review, in which only the identity of the authors is revealed. After concluding the corrections required by editors and reviewers, the author should submit a revision.

The author should access the author center (at ScholarOne) and click on Create a Revision. In step one, authors must prepare a text with general and specific answers to ALL questions raised and suggestions made by the reviewers and editorial board, indicating in which lines changes were made; this text should be inserted in a text box designated “your response”. In the following steps, the author will be required to upload the revised version of the manuscript (main document). In this step, the author must provide a main document file with ALL changes (deletions and additions) made in the revision process. All revisions should be clearly highlighted using the “Track Changes” function in Microsoft Word so that they are clearly visible to the editors and reviewers. A revised clean version of the manuscript must also be provided.





After acceptance, the process will be conducted by e-mail ( 

Procedures: If necessary, the corresponding author will be requested to apply the reference style adopted by the journal and to edit/format figures and tables. When necessary, to ensure correct spelling and formal style, the editor may request a text revision by one of the specialists indicated in these guidelines.
Graphical abstract: A graphical abstract is desirable. The corresponding author should send a graph, image, or schematic model that summarizes the main findings or relevant information of the manuscript. The graphical abstract should be submitted in a separate editable file (saved directly from the original artwork or plotting device) to allow reformatting of the original editable figure. The graphical abstract will only be displayed in the online manuscript on the website of the Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo.

After publication, the authors whose manuscripts are in Preprint should communicate to the server that the study was published and indicate its DOI.





For Brazilian manuscripts in which the first author or the corresponding author are members of the Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo – SBCS (Brazilian Soil Science Society), the publication fee per page is R$ 80.00. If the first author or the corresponding author are not members of the SBCS, the publication fee per page is R$ 200.00.

For foreign authors, the RBCS adopts a policy that takes into account the development level of the authors’ country. The classification is done according to World Bank data released in 2019. Countries grouped in Class 1 will pay $ 100.00 per page, while countries from Classes 2, 3 and 4 will be charged in $ 80.00, $ 65.00 and $ 50 per page, respectively. To find out which class your country fits into, see the table below.


Class 1

Class 2

Class 3

Class 4

$ 100.00

$ 80.00

$ 65.00

$ 50.00





Antigua and Barbuda





American Samoa


Burkina Faso







Cabo Verde

Central African Republic

Bahamas, The







Congo, Dem. Rep.






Bosnia and Herzegovina

Congo, Rep.




Côte d’Ivoire

Gambia, The

British Virgin Islands




Brunei Darussalam


Egypt, Arab Rep.




El Salvador


Cayman Islands



Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.

Channel Islands

Costa Rica












Dominican Republic



Czech Republic





Equatorial Guinea





Kyrgyz Republic


Faroe Islands







Sierra Leone





French Polynesia


Micronesia, Fed. Sts.

South Sudan




Syrian Arab Republic


Iran, Islamic Rep.















Hong Kong SAR, China



Yemen, Rep.







Papua New Guinea






Isle of Man


São Tomé and Principe




San Salvador



Marshall Islands





Solomon Islands


Korea, Rep.

















North Macedonia







Macao SAR, China






West Bank and Gaza










New Caledonia

Russian Federation


New Zealand



Northern Mariana Islands




South Africa






Sri Lanka



St. Lucia


Puerto Rico

St. Vincent and the Grenadines





San Marino



Saudi Arabia









Sint Maarten (Dutch part)



Slovak Republic




Venezuela, RB


St. Kitts and Nevis


St. Martin (French part)






Taiwan, China


Trinidad and Tobago


Turks and Caicos Islands


United Arab Emirates


United Kingdom


United States


Virgin Islands (U.S.)


*The classification of this country was based on data from the World Bank and because it is member of the Latin American Soil Science Society.


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: General guidelines for refinement of the manuscript are presented below. Some of these items will not be required in the peer-review phase, but may be required after acceptance of the manuscript.

RBCS uses the International System of Units (SI). Some examples of how data should be presented are shown below:



72 hours

72 h

5 minutes

5 min

3 seconds

3 s

10 liters

10 L

20 ml

20 mL

3 tons

3 Mg


25 °C

3 m × 3 m

3 × 3 m


5 %

4%, 6%, and 12%

4, 6, and 12 %

5 m and 16 m

5 and 16 m

1 M HCl

HCl 1 mol L-1 or 1 mol L-1 of HCl

1 mM

1 mmol L-1

grams per pot

g per pot

grams per plant

g per plant

tons per hectare per year

Mg ha-1 yr-1

Do not express solute concentration as normality

Use mol L-1

23°C to 27 °C

23 to 27 ° or 23-27 °C



5 YR



4 ± 0.2

kg/ha, mol/L, Mg/m3, etc.

kg ha-1, mol L-1, Mg m-3, etc.




Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo Secretaria Executiva , Caixa Postal 231, 36570-000 Viçosa MG Brasil, Tel.: (55 31) 3899 2471 - Viçosa - MG - Brazil