ISSN 0034-7094 printed version
ISSN 1806-907X online version



Form and preparation of manuscripts

Articles for publication shall be exclusively forwarded to Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Articles already published in other journals will not be accepted.

Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia classifies the articles in the following categories:

a) Scientific Articles: New clinical or experimental research information.

b) Reviews: Summary of well established subjects, with a review of references and conclusions, systematic review.

c) Clinical Information: Case reports, introduction of new techniques, methods and equipments.

d) Miscellaneous: Those not matching the above mentioned categories, but relevant for Anesthesiology.

e) Special Articles: Subject reviews relevant for Anesthesiology.

f) Letters to the Editor: Constructive, objective and educational comments on published matters. Discussions on Anesthesiology-specific subjects will by published on the sole Editor's discretion.

g) Editorials

Editorial Process: The manuscripts submitted to the Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology are initially evaluated by editors to verify the content's compliance with the journal's editorial line. If any one of these aspects is considered unsatisfactory, the manuscript is rejected and automatically archived into the system. If it receives a positive evaluation, the manuscript proceeds to a double-blind peer review, which ensures the anonymity of authors and reviewers. Reviewers can rule the manuscript as accepted, rejected, or needs review (whether in form or content). The Editors in Chief then assesses the rulings issued by the reviewers, and the final ruling is sent to the registered author. The corrections requested must be submitted within 30 days. If there is a delay in returning the proof, the Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to publish independent of the final correction or exclude the manuscript from the editorial process. The revised manuscript, after implementing the changes suggested by the reviewers, should be resubmitted along with the specific indications of any changes made to the text or the reasons why the changes were not made. The manuscripts accepted may be subjected to minor corrections or changes which do not alter the author’s style. Possible modifications in format, style or interpretation will only be carried out after previous consultation to the author.

The ultimate publication will be based on the final approval of the editors.

The manuscripts denied, will be returned with a justification of the Editor-in-Chief.

OBS: Author and coauthors shall sign and send during the submission process a Copyright Cession Form to Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia and Elsevier Editora Ltda. These forms shall be sent as separate documents (one form per author), as PDF files, through the submission system.A template is available for download at:, in the Upload Files section.

Articles Presentation

Title: Article's title shall be short, clear and straightforward to make easy its classification. When needed, a sub-title may be used.

Author(s): Full name(s), their titles and affiliations in Societies or Institutions. Names of other collaborators may be mentioned at the end as acknowledgments. A different paragraph shall be used to indicate the place where the study was carried out.

Structured Summary: For scientific articles please state: Background and Objectives, Methods, Results and Conclusions. For clinical information please state: Background and Objectives, Case Report and Conclusions. For reviews please state: Background and Objectives, Contents and Conclusions. For all articles, inform Key Words for classification according to Greene NM - Key Words in Anesthesiology, 3rd Ed, New York, Elsevier or newer.

Text: without mentioning the author(s) or the place were it has been carried out. Scientific articles should have the following chapters: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Summary and References.

References: The article shall contain only the references consulted, which shall be numbered as they enter the text. Other quotes of already numbered authors should indicate only the reference number; avoid mentioning the name of the author. The quotation of unpublished articles or presented in Medical Events is not recommended. Text books and congress summaries references older than five years should be limited to those considered fundamental. When an article already accepted for publication is quoted, please include "to be published", indicating the journal and the year. Personal communications will not be accepted. Use the model below:

Journals: Author(s) names, middle name(s) initial(s) - paper's title. Journal's title (abbreviated according to Index Medicus), year of publication; volume: number of first and last pages.
Pereira E, Vieira ZEG - Visita pré-anestésica, responsabilidade intransferível do anestesiologista. Rev Bras Anestesiol, 1977;27:337-353.

Books: Editor(s) name(s), middle name(s) initial(s) - book's title (initials in capital letters), volume and edition, city of publication, Publisher, publication year and number of quoted page(s).
Rigatto M - Fisiopatologia da Circulação Pulmonar, 1ª Ed, São Paulo, Fundo Editorial Procienx, 1973;53-55.

Chapters: Author(s) name(s), middle name(s) initials - chapter title; editor(s) name(s), middle name(s) initials - Book title (initials in capital letters), volume and edition, city of publication, Publisher, publication year and quoted page(s).
Coelho A - Anatomia do Sistema Específico de Condução, em: Germiniani H - Diagnóstico e Terapêutica das Arritmias Cardíacas. São Paulo, Fundo Editorial Procienx, 1972;3-10.

Note: Punctuation should never be used in names or abbreviations of mentioned publications. When there are less than three authors, all of them should be mentioned; when there are more than three, only the first three should be mentioned, followed by the expression "et al.".

Illustrations: Number illustrations according to text entry order. Number figures in Arabian numerals. Number charts and tables in Roman umerals. Indicate on the text the preferential site for the entry of each illustration (for example: Enter Figure x). Use black and white photos. The same result should not be expressed by more than one illustration.

Use of Digital Resources: Text in DOC format (Winword standard); bars or lines figures in XLS (Excel standard); photos and figures, with minimum re solution of 300 dpi, in JPG format. Please do not attach titles and letterings to illustrations. Please do not insert illustrations on text. Each illustration shall have an individual file. File name shall express illustration type and numbering (Figure 1, Table II, for example). Illustration titles and letterings duly numbered shall be in separate text file. Copies or reproductions of other publications will be allowed only with the attachment of express authorization of the Editing company or the author of the original article.

Abbreviations: Abbreviations are not recommended, except for those recognized by the International System of Weights and Measures, or those widely accepted in medical publications. When there are large numbers of relevant abbreviations, their definitions should be presented in a separate note (Glossary). Abbreviations of well established medical terms should follow current traditional standards according to standard abbreviations approved by the Montreal document published by the British Medical Journal, 1979;1:532-535.

Drug Names: The use of commercial drug names (trademarks) is not re commended, but when such use is mandatory, the product name should follow its generic name, in brackets, in lowercase, followed by the trademark symbol (®).

Legal an Ethical Considerations: according with Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors — February 2006).

Conflict of Interest
Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author's institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence (bias) his or her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from those with negligible potential to those with great potential to influence judgment, and not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. The potential for con flict of interest can exist whether or not an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to under mine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.

Informed Consent
Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should identify Individuals who provide writing assistance and disclose the funding source for this assistance.

Identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve, however, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note.

When informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the published article.

Ethical Treatment
When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000. If doubt exists whe ther the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

Clinical Trials Registry
Clinical trial must be register according WHO recommendation at The definition of clinical trial include preliminary trials (phase I): any study with prospective recruiting of subjects to undergo any health-related inter vention (drugs, surgical procedures, equipment, behavioral therapies, food regi men, changes in health care) to evaluate the effects on clinical outcomes (any biomedical or health-related parameter, including pharmacokinetics measure ments and adverse reactions).

The Journal has the right of not publishing trials not complying with these and other legal and ethical standards determined by international guidelines.


Sending of manuscripts

The analysis and approval of an article to be published in the Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia follows the sequence below:

a) The author forwards the article to the Editor-in-Chief;
- The forwarding letter must mention the Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia's exclusivity and the author's name;
- In the case of clinical and experimental research, the approval by the Institution's Ethical Committee is mandatory.

b) The Editor-in-Chief forwards a copy to two members of the Editorial Board for analysis;
- The co-editor is in charge of checking the thoroughness of the references.

c) After the analysis, the material is sent back to the Editor-in-Chief who decides whether to approve it or not.

d) The Editor-in-Chief forwards a copy to the author with the analysis results, suggestions or corrections.

e) The author returns to the Editor-in-Chief a printed copy of the article and a copy in diskette (Word for Windows)

f) The article is approved after being reviewed by Portuguese, American English and Spanish language reviewers.

g) The article is sent to typesetting.

h) Before publication, Editor-in-Chief and author receive a copy for possible corrections.

NOTE: It is the Editor-in-Chief's responsibility to, after hearing the members of the Editorial Board and provided ethic requirements are met, approve the articles to be published.

Articles ethical aspects

The Medical Ethical Code of the Federal Medicine Council establishes strict rules for research work.

We are reproducing articles 122 to 130 ruling what is forbidden in scientific research.

Physician may not:
Art. 122
- Participate in any type of research for war, politic, racial or religious purposes.
Art. 123 - Carry out research in humans without their written consent after being duly informed about the nature and consequence of the research.
Sole Paragraph - If patients are unable to consent, the research will only be performed in their own benefit after explicit authorization of their legal representatives.
Art. 124 - Experimentally use any type of therapy not yet approved to be used in the country without the duly authorization of qualified bodies and without patients (or their legal representatives) consent after being duly informed about the situation and potential complications.
Art. 125 - Promote medical research in the community without the previous knowledge of such community and without aiming public health protection, respected local characteristics.
Art. 126 - Obtain personal advantages, have any commercial interest or give up their professional independence vis-a-vis the sponsors of the medical research they participate in.
Art. 127 - Carry out human research without submitting an approval protocol and the follow-up of a committee with any dependence whatsoever vis-a-vis those being researched.
Art. 128 - Carry out medical research in healthy or unhealthy volunteers with direct or indirect dependence or subordination vis-a-vis the researcher.
Art. 129 - Perform or participate in medical research where there is the need to interrupt or withdraw proven therapy, thus hurting the patient.
Art. 130 - Carry out experiments with new clinical or surgical treatments in terminal patients or those with incurable disease without a reasonable hope of usefulness for the patients and not imposing them additional suffering.


Throughout its 51 years, Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia has counted on the cooperation of laboratories and anesthesia equipment manufacturers just in advertising their products without interfering in the scientific publications.


It is worth underlying that Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia is managed by The Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology itself, which has a budget and the statutory duty of publishing the journal without the need of selling ads. So, the periodicity of the journal is not dependent on money coming from advertisers. The budget proposal of the Society takes into account expenses with the publication of regular editions of the journal which is paid using part of the members fees.

There is no fee for submission and review articles.

The Journal adopts iThenticate system for plagiarism identification.


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