1519-5902 printed version
2238-0094 on-line version



Scope and Policy

The Revista Brasileira de História da Educação [Brazilian History of Education Journal] (RBHE) is the official publication of the Sociedade Brasileira de História da Educação [Brazilian History of Education Society] (SBHE). Based in the Universidade Estadual de Maringá [State University of Maringá], the RBHE has been circulating in national and international academic spheres since 2001. The journal regularly features unpublished articles derived from researches addressing themes associated with the history and the historiography of education. The RBHE has as objectives the wide dissemination of knowledge and the promotion of discussions about different issues surrounding history of education research and teaching, from an interdisciplinary and plural perspective, in theoretical and methodological terms. The periodical also publishes documents, reviews and reading notes, as well as interviews with outstanding national and international personalities.

As a reference publication, it requires PhD as minimum degree for authors interested in submitting articles. In case of collective authorship, at least one of the authors must hold this title.


Form and preparation of manuscripts

  • In order to reach the internationalization and a better indexing of our periodicals, the Revista Brasileira de História da Educação has adopted, since January 1st, 2016, as a standard for article presentation, the Style Guide of the American Psychological Association (APA) – 6. ed. Thus, submitted articles must comply with the APA. Continue to the end of this page and pay careful attention to the standards required.


The Revista Brasileira de História da Educação is published through an Open Access model and allows anyone to read and download, as well as to copy and disseminate its content in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution copyright policies.


Keeping our tradition of excellence, we would like to inform about editorial improvements that aim to strengthen the integrity of all articles published by this journal. In conformity with the guidelines of the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) and of the CNPq, whose intention is to encourage the identification of plagiarism, misconducts, frauds, possible ethics violations and opening processes, we indicate:

1. Authors should visit COPE website and the Report of CNPq’s Commission on Research Integrity, which contain information for authors and editors about ethics in research;

2. Before submission, authors must meet the following criteria:
- articles containing data acquisition, or analysis and interpretation of data from other publications must reference them explicitly;
- in writing of articles containing critical review of an intellectual content belonging to other authors, the latter must be dully cited;
- all authors must meet the unpublished-article authorship criteria, and none of the researchers involved in the research may be left out of the list of authors;
- the final approval of the article will be given by the editors and the editorial board.

3. To meet the criteria, the following procedures will be carried out:
a) The editors will evaluate the manuscripts through the CrossCheck system immediately after submission. First, the textual content of the scientific articles will be evaluated, seeking to detect plagiarism, duplicate submissions, manuscripts already published and possible research frauds;

b) The received manuscripts are evaluated by the Editorial Board. If they are in agreement with the Journal’s norms of publication, they will be sent to ad hoc associates. The evaluation follows the double-blind procedure, maintaining the anonymity between authors and referees. The Editorial Board will assess the reviewers' opinions and will notify the authors about the decision, that can be of: acceptance without changes; acceptance after reformulation; returned for new evaluation; refused. Together with the editorial decision, the authors will receive copy of the judgements. 

c) Submission is subject to the opinions of members of the Editorial Board or ad hoc associates. The selection of articles for publishing has as primary criteria their contribution to education and to the editorial line of the Journal, the originality of the theme or of the treatment given to it, as well as the consistency and rigor of the theoretical and methodological approach. Eventual changes in structure or content, suggested by the evaluators or by the Editorial Board, will be incorporated only with the consent of the authors;

d) After acceptance and before publishing, the articles might be evaluated again.

4. Conflict of interests
A conflict of interests may have personal, commercial, political, academic or financial nature. Conflicts of interests may occur when authors, reviewers or editors have interests that may influence on the elaboration or evaluation of manuscripts. By submitting a manuscript, authors are responsible for recognizing and disclosing financial conflicts or conflicts of another nature that may have influenced on the piece of work. In case there is any conflict of interest, even if potentially, the author(s) must inform it in a proper document to be signed and attached to the submission platform.
Authors must identify in the manuscript any financial aid received for the execution of the piece of work and other personal connections referring to its development. The reviewer must inform the editors about any conflicts of interest that could influence on the analysis of the manuscript and must declare himself or herself as unqualified to review it.

5. Declaration on the role played in the research for articles endorsed by more than 4 authors
The first author of the article must describe, in details, by means of a proper document to be signed and attached to the submission platform, the participation of each one of the authors that endorse the article, considering study design; data collection, analysis and interpretation; manuscript writing; decision to submit the manuscript for publishing.


LANGUAGES: The Revista Brasileira de História da Educação accepts collaborations in Portuguese, Spanish and English.

FORMAT: The text must be typed in Word for Windows text editor, Times New Roman font, size 12, 1.5 line spacing; page size A4 (297 x 210 mm), with top and bottom margins of 2.5 cm; and right and left margins of 3 cm.

All authorship indications must be deleted from the originals, including the username registered on Microsoft Word.

For submission, the registration of all authors of the manuscript in the metadata of the system is mandatory and must include full name (maximum of four), ORCID identifying number (ID), institutional address and e-mail. Later inclusion of authors that are not registered in the system will not be allowed.

The cover sheet must contain the title of the piece of work and full information about all authors, in this order: name, latest degree, role, institutional filiation (in full and initials), city, state, e-mail and full address.

Authors should check the text for spelling and grammar errors, as well as for compliance with APA norms, before presenting it to the Revista Brasileira de História da Educação.

EXTENSION: All pieces of work must comply with the following extension:
• Articles, translations and articles from the dossiers – 40,000 to 60,000 characters with spaces (excluding from the count the abstract and its versions in English and Spanish, and including graphs, tables, figures and images). The abstract and its versions must contain between 700 and 800 characters with spaces, each;
• Reviews – 8,000 to 15,000 characters with spaces;
• Interviews – 8,000 to 15,000 characters with spaces.

TITLE, ABSTRACT, KEYWORDS, SECTIONS: all articles must include abstract and keywords (up to four keywords not mentioned in the title, separated by comma), in Portuguese, English and Spanish. Full title with subtitles (in up to two lines) must also be presented in their versions for English and Spanish.
The text must contain, MANDATORILY, sections ‘Introduction’ and ‘Further Considerations’.
In order to facilitate the use of and search for keywords, a Controlled Vocabulary must be used. The RBHE adopts "Brased" – Brazilian Education Thesaurus.

EXPLANATORY NOTES: Footnotes, presented in consecutive numbering, must have explanatory purpose.

Citations must follow the examples below, which are based on the norm of the American Psychological Association (APA). For citation in the text, use surname and year: Garraffoni (2007) or (Garraffoni, 2007); for two authors: Virtuoso and Rabelo (2015) or (Virtuoso & Rabelo, 2015); for three to five authors (1st citation): Gheorghiu, Gruson and Vari (2008) or (Gheorghiu, Gruson & Vari, 2008), and, in subsequent citations, Gheorghiu et al. (2008) or (Gheorghiu et al., 2008); for six authors or more, cite only the first one followed by et al.: Cachioni et al. (2015) or (Cachioni et al., 2015).

The journal accepts a maximum rate of 5% of self-citations.

They must be organized in alphabetical order, with justified alignment, in accordance with the following examples, which are based on the norm of the American Psychological Association (APA). List all authors of the piece of work. Periodical titles must be written in full, not abbreviated, without place of publication.

Important: from the second line, in every reference, there must be a left indent.


One author
Saviani, D. (2015).Historiography of Brazilian education: training and development field of the history of education in Brazil.Acta Scientiarum. Education, 37(1), 1-14. doi: 10.4025/actascieduc.v37i1.23680

Two authors
Virtuoso, T. S., & Rabelo, G. (2015). Escolas étnicas italianas: Urussanga como principal centro ítalo-brasileiro catarinense no início do século XX. Acta Scientiarum. Education, 37(1), 65-77.

Up to seven authors (all authors must be indicated, separated by comma, except for the last one, who must be separated by comma followed by &)
Gheorghiu, M. D., Gruson, P., & Vari, J. (2008). Trocas intergeracionais e construção de fronteiras nas experiências educativas das classes médias. Educação e Sociedade, 29(103), 377-399.

Eight authors or more (indicate the first six, insert suspension points and add the last author)
Cachioni, M., Ordonez, T. N., Batistoni, S. S. T., Lima-Silva, T. B., Fooken, I., Dornelles, L. V., ... Ramos, A. C. (2015). Metodologias e estratégias pedagógicas utilizadas por educadores de uma Universidade Aberta à Terceira Idade. Educação & Realidade, 40(1), 81-103

Caporalini, J. B. (2005). O problema antropológico em O Nome da Rosa. In Anais da 4ª Jornada de Estudos Antigos e Medievais da Universidade Estadual de Maringá (p. 200-213). Maringá, PR.

Bowman, A. K., & Woolf, G. (1998). Literacy and power in the ancient world. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Adorno, T. W. (2003). Educação e emancipação. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Paz e Terra.
Ucko, P. (1995). Archaeological interpretation in a world context. In I. Hodder (Ed.), Theory in archaeology: a world perspective (p. 1-27). Londres, UK: Routledge.

Santos, V. S. (2007). A mediação docente na educação para mídia (Dissertação de Mestrado). Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá.

Chamberlin, J. Novotney, A. Packard, E., & Price, M. (2008, May). Enhancing worker well-being: Occupational health pschologists convene to share their research on work, stress, and health. Monitor on Psychology, 39(5), 26-29.

Fiuza, G. (2015, Julho). Só a Grécia salva Dilma: Austeridade é o palavrão da moda. A Grécia deve € 26 milhões à Espanha, e a culpa é dos espanhóis. Época. Acessado em:  http://epoca.globo.com/colunas-e-blogs/guilherme-fiuza/noticia/2015/07/so-grecia-salva-dilma.html

Ninio, M. (2015, 6 de Agosto). Se partido não o escolher, Trump ameaça concorrer como independente. Folha de São Paulo. Acessado em: http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/mundo/2015/08/1665601-se-nao-for-escolhido-trump-ameaca-concorrer-como-independente.shtml
For instructions on other reference cases in accordance with APA norms, consult the “Normalização de Referências: adaptação do manual de estilo da American Psychological Association (APA) – 6a ed.” material [Standardization of References: adaptation of the style guide of the America Psychological Association] (APA), published by the Psychology Institute of the University of São Paulo: http://www.ip.usp.br/portal/images/biblioteca/normalizacao_referencias_APA_6_ed_vers%C3%A3o2013.pdf

Spacing after punctuation elements
Add space after
- commas, colon and semi-colon.
- marks that separate parts of a quoted reference.
- marks after initials in names (for instance, J. R. Zhang).
Exception: do not add space after internal marks in abbreviations (e.g., a.m., i.e.).

Use a period with
- name initials (J. R. Smith).
- Latin abbreviations (a.m., cf., i.e., vs.).
- abbreviations of references (Vol. 1, 2nd ed., p. 6)

Do not use a period with
- abbreviations of state names (SP; MG; Maringá, PR) on list of references.
- abbreviations made up of capital letters or acronyms (APA, IBAMA, IBGE).
- web addresses in the text or on the list of references (http://www.apa.org). In the text, insert the link in brackets when possible, or revise the sentence to avoid ending it with a URL and without punctuation.
- metric and non-metric abbreviations (cd, cm, kg, lb, min, s).

Use a dash to indicate only a sudden interruption in the continuity of the sentence. Its excessive use breaks the textual flow.

Quotation marks
Observe the following instructions for use of double quotations marks for cases other than direct quotation of external source.
Use double quotation marks
- to introduce a word or phrase such as an ironic comment, slangs or neologism. Use quotation marks the first time the word or phrase is used; afterwards, do not use it.
considered a “normal” behavior
the “astonishing” variable . . . the astonishing variable (no quotation marks after the first instance).
considered a ‘normal’ behavior
the “astonishing” variable . . . the “astonishing” variable
- to indicate, in the body text, the title of an article or chapter in periodical or book.
Riger’s article (1992), “Epistemological Debates, Feminist Voices: Science, Social Values, and the Study of Women”
- to reproduce items on a list or instructions to participants:
The first item to be filled in was “it was expected that ________”
If the instructions are long, separate them from the body text through an indentation, without quotation marks.
Do not use double quotation marks
- to identify references from a scale. Instead, use italics.
We ranked the items on a scale ranging from 1 (all the time) to 5 (never).
- to insert a letter, word, phrase or sentence as linguistic example. Instead, use italics.
- He explained the difference between now and know
- to introduce a technical term. Instead, use italics.
The term diction appears frequently in the discourse.
She compared it by meta-analysis, which is described in the next section.

Single or double quotation marks

In the text. Use double quotation marks to open and close quotations in the text. Use single quotation marks to replace double quotation marks inside a quotation, that is, when the quoted excerpt already has double quotation marks.
Correct: Miranda (2002) observed that the “‘expanded crystal’ phenomenon, verified in previous studies, has its effects boosted if tested at higher temperatures” (p. 299).
Incorrect: Miranda (2002) observed that the ““expanded crystal” phenomenon, verified in previous studies, has its effects boosted if tested at higher temperatures” (p. 299).

In indented quotations. Do not use double quotation marks to open and close these quotations. Use them only when there are double quotation marks in the quoted excerpt itself, in the indented text itself.
The “expanded crystal” phenomenon, verified in previous studies, has its effects boosted if tested at higher temperatures. In the case analyzed initially, the application of medicines proved little efficient, thus making it necessary to use different temperatures in the experiment (p. 299).
“The “expanded crystal” phenomenon, verified in previous studies, has its effects boosted if tested at higher temperatures. In the case analyzed initially, the application of medicines proved little efficient, thus making it necessary to use different temperatures in the experiment (p. 299)”.

Using italics
For the specific use of italics in APA periodicals, see the guidelines below. In general, limit the use of italics.
Use italics for
- titles of books, periodicals, movies, videos, TV shows and microfilm publications.
Exception: words in the title of a book that are in italics already must be written in Roman type (this is usually called reverse italics).
A Stereotaxic Atlas of the Monkey Brain (Macaca Mulatta)
Dreaming by the Book: Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams and the History of the Psychoanalytic Movement
- genre, species and varieties.
Macaca mulatta
- introduction of a new term or technical term.
- a letter, word or phrase inserted as a linguistic example.
words such as big and small
the letter a
the meaning of make believe
a row of Cs
- words that could be misinterpreted
Small group (meaning a designation, not the size of the group)
- indication of periodical volume on lists of references
American Psychologist, 26, 46-67
- markers on a scale
health indexes range from 1 (bad) to 5 (excellent).

Tables and figures numbers
Number all tables and figures with Arabic numerals in the order they are mentioned in the text, regardless of whether a more detailed discussion of the table or figure occurs later in the text or not. Do not use letters as suffixes to number tables and figures; that is, number them as Table 5, Table 6, Table 7, or Figure 5, Figure 6 and Figure 7, instead of 5, 5a and 5b. If the manuscript includes an appendix with tables and figures, identify those appendix elements with capital letters and Arabic numerals (e.g., Table A1 is the first table of Appendix A, Figure C2 is the second figure of Appendix C.

Table titles
Provide each table a brief but explanatory title. The basic content of the table must be inferred from its title. Abbreviations that appear in the header or body of a table may be explained in the title itself (abbreviation in brackets).
Explain abbreviations that require further explanations or that do not relate directly to the content of the title in a general note above the table. Do not use a specific note to clarify an element of the title.

Tables may have two types of notes located below the body: general notes and explanatory notes. A general note qualifies, explains and provides information related to the table as a whole and ends with an explanation of abbreviations, symbols and the like. Also consider, in this case, information about the origin of the table, that is, whether it originates from an external source. General notes must be identified by the word Note (italicized)

For other cases, we suggest that authors consult the “Normalização de Referências: adaptação do manual de estilo da American Psychological Association (APA) – 6a ed." material [Standardization of references: adaptation of the manual of the American Psychological Association (APA)], published by the Psychology Institute of the University of São Paulo and available at this link.

Ideological responsibility
Articles whose authorship is identified express the viewpoint of the authors rather than the official stance of the Revista Brasileira de História da Educação.

Contact with the Revista Brasileira de História da Educação can be made via e-mail – rbhe.sbhe@gmail.com – and via the portal of the journal {http://www.periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/rbhe}.


Send of the manuscript

- The contribution is original and unpublished and is not under evaluation for publication by another journal; otherwise, it should be justified in "Comments to the editor".

- The submission file is in Microsoft Word format.

- URLs for bibliographical references were informed when possible.

- The text must be typed in Word for Windows text editor, Times New Roman font, size 12, 1.5 line spacing; page size A4 (297 x 210 mm), with top and bottom margins of 2.5 cm; and right and left margins of 3 cm.

- The author has indicated his name and curriculum in a maximum of three lines, indicating the degree, function and institution (in full and acronym) to which he is associated, as well as the research groups in which he participates. He also registered the address, telephone and e-mail, which will be published by the journal.

- The text follows the style standards and bibliographic requirements described in "Author Guidelines" on the "About" page.

- In the case of submission to a peer-reviewed section, the instructions available under "Ensuring blind peer evaluation" were followed.

- I have a doctorate degree or at least one of the authors of the article has such a degree.

- To ensure blind peer evaluation, the research group involved in authoring the article should not be cited.


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