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Revista Bioética

Print version ISSN 1983-8042On-line version ISSN 1983-8034

Abstract

GOMES, Bruna Mota Machado et al. Advance directives in geriatric medicine. Rev. Bioét. [online]. 2018, vol.26, n.3, pp.429-439. ISSN 1983-8034.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-80422018263263.

Advance directives represent the decisions about medical care and treatment that a patient wishes to receive, if unable to express their will. We evaluated the knowledge of elderly caregivers in a geriatric outpatient clinic (n=66), lecturers (n=60) and medical students (n=72) regarding these directives, the intention to create the document, and the conduct during this situation. The results show that only 20% of the participants knew, or at least have an idea of, what these directives are. The majority of terminally ill patients (72%) preferred to die at home, receiving palliative care; 32% preferred dying in a hospital; and 45% agreed to be taken to an intensive care unit. Only 40% opt for this expression of will, even after explanations. More than half (56%) trust that medical teams will respect their decisions, and 83% trust their family members. It is concluded that the subject should be discussed more in society, especially in the fields of teaching and health care.

Keywords : Advance directives; Aged; Personal autonomy; Palliative care; Death.

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