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Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0102-8650On-line version ISSN 1678-2674

Acta Cir. Bras. vol.18 no.spe São Paulo  2003 



Experimental model of double wounds on the rats back , in order to study the skin cicatrization process on rat treated with cellulose coat1


Modelo experimental de dupla lesão no dorso de ratos, para estudo do processo de cicatrização da pele, utilizando-se a película de celulose



Lecy Marcondes CabralI; Lydia Masako FerreiraII; Manuel de Jesus SimõesIII; Oswaldo Alves MoraIV

IMaster in Plastic Surgery through UNIFESP-EPM. Brazil
IIHead and Chief of Plastic Surgery Division of Surgery Department – UNIFESP-EPM. Brazil.
IIIAssistant Professor and Chief of Histology and Structural Biology Discipline of UNIFESP-EPM. Brazil.
IVAssistant Professor of Histology and Structural Biology Discipline of UNIFESP-EPM. Brazil.

Correspondence to



ABSTRACT: To the  present  study  were used males rats (Rattus Norvegicus, var. Albinus, Rodentia Mammalia) EPM-1 Wistar, which came from  Biotério Central da UNIFESP-EPM. Each animal was submitted to two wound of circular shape, made with a “punch”, with superficial cuts of 2 cm diameter; located  on medium line of  dorsal region. In the present study, one wound was re-covered with the cellulose coat and the other serves as a control. This experimental form,  makes it possible  to us realize different studies such as macroscopic aspects of the wounds as well morphometric and morphological parameters analysis.

KEY WORDS: Wound cicatrization. Biological coat. Cellulose coat. Burns.

RESUMO: Foram utilizados para o presente estudo, ratos machos (Rattus Norvegicus, var. Albinus, Rodentia Mammalia), da linhagem EPM-1 Wistar, oriundos do Biotério Central da UNIFESP-EPM.Cada animal foi submetido a duas lesões de formato circular, realizadas através de um “punch”, com superfície de corte de dois centímetros de diâmetro; localizadas na linha média da região dorsal. No presente estudo uma das lesões foi recoberta com a película de celulose e a outra servindo de controle. Esta forma de modelo experimental, nos possibilita realizarmos estudos quanto ao aspecto macroscópico das lesões (contratura e fechamento das feridas), bem como a análise de parâmetros morfométricos e morfológicos, dentre outros.

DESCRITORES: Cicatrização de feridas. Curativo biológico. Película de celulose. Queimaduras




The temporary substitutes of skin have been subject of intense research in the some world-wide centers, had its importance in the extensive losses of the cutaneous tegumento.

Amongst the main priorities in an extensive wound tissue, it is yours fast cutaneous covering, either enxerto autógeno fresh or the diverse materials used  as  temporary skin substitutes, that as we know, they will favor a growth fast of the granulation tissue, for a posterior enxertia or a shorter  re-epithelization tissue  with second intention. However, until the moment, still human being did not arrive itself at an ideal substitute for the skin. Constituting ours to see, a stimulation to the experimental research.



This study it has as objective, to tell the experimental model, where if tegumentares caused two wounds, of similar size and forms, in same animal, re-covering itself one of the wounds with the cellulose coat and using it another injury as group has controlled, in rats.


Method description

Male and adult rats had used themselves, for being citizens to a lesser hormonal variation and of growth, this form minimizing possible interferences in the process cicatricial.

The cutaneous region to be chosen must, necessarily, be inaccessible to the attempts that the animal habitually makes  to reach it. By this reason dorsal craneal was chosen the medium region.

After the surgical act each cage was busy for an only animal, since it would have the risk of an animal to traumatize or same to remove the cellulose coat of the other. Kept with feeding and ad water libitum, temperature of 22º C and artificial illumination with fluorescent light bulb, being fotoperiod of 12 h clearly and 12h dark, considering the period of light from 7amuntil 7pm.

After one week of adaptation, the rats were submitted to the anesthesia, being placed under a bell jar with air saturated for sulphuric ether. After that, the animals were kept anesthestized  with ether mask  in enviromental air.

After being immobilized on plate, in position of ventral decubitus, the animal back of this were  then, shaved throughout its length and of its width, for manual traction of the coats. Being technique of easy execution that presents the advantage of not traumatize the region, fact of common occurrence when plated instruments are used.

Procedure of the used surgery  technique

 The animals had been submitted the two wounds of circular format, carried through with punch, which the cut surface has  2 cm of diameter, located in the medium line of the dorsal region.

The depth of the wound  included the epidermis, derme, hipoderme and muscular layer until the fascia superficialis. The first wound was made approximately the 2 cm of the base of the ears, in the direction skull-volume, and second wound , approximately the 2 cm of the first one (Figure 1).

After that, on the first wound,  cellulose coat, settled with 4 points of 5-0 monofilament nylon (Figure 2).

The setting of the coat through four points of suture with nylon mono filament 5-0, assured its immobility until its dehydration and consequence tack of the cellulose coat on the injury. The analysis of the morphometric  and morphologic parameters was carried through in days of postoperative daily pay-definitive. Making possible a morphologic and macrocospic study, where differences in the degree of contraction of the wound had been observed control (without coat ) and of the wound of the group with the coat, in the same animal (Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6).




The experimental model of the double wounds in the back of rats, revealed feasible. Being able to be extended, how much to the innumerable variants of study on the contraction and the cicatrization of the wounds, using itself other materials of temporary covering, as well as, substances of topical use, one being with the material to be studied and to another one serving of control.



1. Cabral LM, Gattaz MD, Factore LAP, Mattar JÁ, Diament D, Oliveira AM. Curativo biológico no tratamento do grande queimado [apresentação de caso]. Rev Bras Cir 1987;77: 383-9.        [ Links ]

2. Teves DC. Estudo morfométrico e ultra-estrutural dos leiomiócitos da camada circular interna do útero de ratas aos 6, 12 e 18 dias da prenhez [Tese Mestrado]. São Paulo: Universidade Federal de São Paulo; 1978.         [ Links ]

3. SimõesMJ, Mora OA, Oliveira Filho RM. Resorption of endometrical collagen in cophorectomized rats. Acta Anat 1985;120: 142-55.        [ Links ]


Conflict of interest: none
Finantial source: none



Lecy Marcondes Cabral
UNIFESP-EPM, Plastic Surgery Division, Surgery Division
Rua Napoleão de Barros, 715, 4º andar
04024-900  São Paulo – SP
Tel: (11)557604118 FAX: (11) 55716579



Data do recebimento: 22/ 04/2003
Data da revisão: 18/05/2003
Data da aprovação: 28/07/2003 



1 Work carried through in the Laboratory of Histology and Structural Biology Discipline of Federal University of  São Paulo – Paulista School of Medicine- UNIFESP-EPM. Brazil

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