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Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia

Print version ISSN 1809-9823On-line version ISSN 1981-2256

Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. vol.22 no.3 Rio de Janeiro  2019  Epub Nov 11, 2019 

Original Articles

Proposal for an instrument for the admission of the elderly to long-term care facilities: elaboration and validation

Eloá Sanches Martins Corrêa1

Maria Paula Pizzaia Arrabaça1

Mirian Ueda Yamaguchi2

Marcelo Picinin Bernuci2

1Centro Universitário de Maringá (UNICESUMAR), Departamento de Medicina. Maringá, Paraná, Brasil.

2Centro Universitário de Maringá (UNICESUMAR), Instituto Cesumar de Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (ICETI), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Promoção da Saúde. Maringá, Paraná, Brasil.



To elaborate and validate an instrument for the admission of the elderly to long-term care facilities.


A methodological study was performed, divided into two phases, the first of which was the elaboration of the instrument based on a literature review of research published in journals indexed in SciELO and in databases such as Medline, LILACS, IBECS, Embase and books related to gerontology, defining theoretical dimensionality through relevant information to support individualized and integral care for the elderly. The second phase of the study involved validation by nine experts from a multidisciplinary field. Six criteria were used to validate the construct, for which the experts chose one of the following options: adequate, inadequate or requires greater adequacy and also, when necessary, added suggestions. The decision to maintain, reformulate or exclude items was based on the Percentage of Consensus (PC) among the experts, for which consensus of more than 80% was adopted as the value of statistical significance.


The scientific evidence base for the construction of the instrument consisted of anamnesis and physical examination domains, segmented in ten and four sections, respectively. Half of the sections achieved a score above that proposed, four of which received a maximum consensus score in all criteria.


The instrument was developed and proved to be consistent for applicability by different professionals in the area, with the aim of promoting geriatric care focused on the health of the institutionalized patient.

Keywords: Data Collection; Geriatric Nursing; Validation Studies; Aged; Homes for the Aged; Health of Institutionalized Elderly



Elaborar e validar um instrumento para admissão de idosos em Instituições de Longa Permanência.


Trata-se de estudo metodológico, fragmentado em duas fases: elaboração do instrumento a partir de revisão de literatura de pesquisas publicadas em periódicos indexados na SciELO e nas bases de dados Medline, LILACS, IBECS, Embase e em livros relacionados à Gerontologia, definindo-se a dimensionalidade teórica por meio de informações relevantes para subsidiar um cuidado individualizado e integral ao idoso institucionalizado. A validação por nove especialistas do âmbito multidisciplinar caracterizou a segunda fase do estudo. Foram estabelecidos seis critérios para validar o constructo, para os quais os juízes indicaram uma opção: Adequado, Inadequado ou Necessita de adequação e, quando necessário, acrescentaram sugestões. A decisão pela manutenção, reformulação ou exclusão dos itens baseou-se no Percentual de Concordância (PC) entre os especialistas, para o qual adotou-se como valor de significância estatística a anuência acima de 80%.


As evidências científicas embasaram a construção do instrumento constituído pelos domínios Anamnese e Exame Físico, segmentados em 10 e quatro seções, respectivamente. Metade das seções atingiu índice acima do proposto, sendo que quatro receberam escore máximo de concordância em todos os critérios.


O instrumento foi elaborado e mostrou-se consistente para sua aplicabilidade por diferentes profissionais da área, com o intuito de promover uma assistência geriátrica voltada à integralidade da saúde do paciente institucionalizado.

Palavras-chave: Levantamento de Dados; Enfermagem Geriátrica; Estudos de Validação; Idoso; Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos; Saúde do Idoso Institucionalizado


There has been a notable increase in the world’s elderly population in recent decades. It is therefore important to understand that the aging process brings morphological, functional, biochemical and psychological changes that generate greater vulnerability, a higher incidence of pathological processes and difficulties in performing daily activities1.

In Brazil, approximately half of the elderly population need some help to perform at least one of their daily activities and a significant minority are highly dependent2. This data, coupled with the rapid demographic transition brings serious challenges and consequences for health services for the geriatric population, public policies and the family environment3.

As a result, the Brazilian Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology (or SBGG) and specialized committees have been debating the nature of Long-term Care Facilities for the Elderly (LTCFs), which can be governmental or non-governmental institutions, of a residential nature, dedicated to people aged 60 and over, with or without family support, in full conditions of dignity, freedom and citizenship4.

From 2007 to 2009, Brazil had 3,549 LTCFs, responsible for accommodating around 0.6% to 1.3% of the total elderly population, yet there are no well-defined selection criteria for the occupying of places2, 5. Thus, in the context in which we live, which is marked by great socioeconomic and cultural inequalities, geriatric clinics are extremely heterogeneous in relation to care, structure, financial support and the population served3.

Although the minimum standards of operation of these institutions is established by Resolution RDC No. 283/2005, following the guidelines of the National Policy of the Elderly6, many operate in precarious conditions, without systematization of care and with little individualized care3. In addition, institutionalization itself has a decisive impact on the health-disease process of the elderly, and should be composed of actions that address all the needs of these people, preserving their autonomy and reducing their limitations7.

Therefore, the elaboration of an instrument to be applied in the admission of patient-residents to the LTCFs, which collects information to support the planning of comprehensive and humanized gerontological-geriatric care, is necessary.

Following the elaboration of the instrument, the validation of to what extent it measures the desired phenomenon of interest is essential. The validation techniques are content validity, criteria validity and construct validity, and the content validity used in the present study attests to whether each element of the instrument contemplates the proposed theoretical dimension, ensuring its quality and veracity8.

The opinion of a committee of experts in the gerontological-geriatric area on the items of the instrument, known as the Delphi technique, was employed along with content analysis9.

Based on the above, the present study aimed to develop and validate an instrument for the admission of the elderly to long-term care facilities, to be used by qualified professionals from all areas of health, thus representing an interdisciplinary instrument that meets the current and future needs of the elderly population.


A methodological study was conducted between September 2017 and November 2018, and divided into two stages: 1) elaboration of the instrument for the multidisciplinary team for the admission of elderly persons to the LTCF; 2) validation and reformulation of the instrument.

For data collection, a bibliographic survey was conducted in journals indexed in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and in the PubMed databases, available through the Virtual Health Library (VHL), Medline, LILACS, IBECS and Embase using descriptors such as: data collection; validation studies; geriatric nursing; elderly person; long-term care facility for the elderly and health of the institutionalized elderly person.

From the integrative review of scientific articles, books related to gerontology and random consultations with professors from the area of health qualified in the process of construction and validation of instruments, the theoretical definitions, identification of domains and formation of sections and topics constitutive of the instrument were elucidated.

The theoretical dimensionality of the instrument was based on Anamnesis and Physical Examination, two major domains shared in the daily applicability of a range of health professionals, but with different denominations depending on area, such as in Nursing, in which anamnesis is designated as nursing history, but which ultimately share the same concept: fundamental data collection tools to support the formulation of diagnostic hypotheses and therapeutic planning10,11.

Thus, the Anamnesis and Physical Examination domains were divided, respectively, into ten and four sections, in order to organize and facilitate the completion and visualization of information.

Subsequently, the content validation method was performed, which consisted of verifying the quality of the instrument through the subjective judgment of a committee of experts. This step made it possible to ensure the validity of the instrument, that is, to indicate precisely what it was intended to measure. The evaluation of the experts involved qualitative and quantitative methodology. The measurement of the quality of the instrument was related to the clarity, pertinence, relevance and representativeness of the items, and the qualitative evaluation comprised the analysis of the domains in terms of the division of the set of items. The quantitative evaluation was measured by the degree of consensus among the experts12,13.

In the absence of a defined standard for the selection of experts and in line with the objective of the study9,14, the eligibility criteria were: to be a health professional with clinical experience in LTCFs or in the care of the institutionalized elderly for at least five years; to be a researcher in the gerontological-geriatric area and understand the methodological process employed in the construction of the instrument.

From this, a data survey was performed of health professionals from the city of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil, who worked in the geriatric sector, through the recommendation of the Post-Graduate Department in Health Promotion of the Medical Course of the Centro Universitario de Maringá (Unicesumar). Then, through curriculum analysis via the Lattes Platform, researchers were selected that fit the study outline.

It was decided to select an odd number of professionals, between five and ten, to make up the committee, due to the fact that there is no consensus in the literature as to the exact number of members required. Thus, nine experts were invited to compose a multidisciplinary committee, via e-mail, in order to add distinct theoretical and practical knowledge, extolling the validation process: two geriatricians, one nurse, two physiotherapists, a speech therapist, a nutritionist, a pharmacist and a professional with a degree in Nursing and Pharmacy.

After the experts agreed to contribute to the research, the data collection instrument and an explanatory document about the purpose of the study and its evaluation method were sent via e-mail12. At the same time, a guiding script containing a table-organized instrument was sent to evaluate domains, sections and items.

The criteria used by experts to evaluate the instrument in relation to the adequacy of the data contained in each dimension were: 1) format and presentation; 2) readability and ease of completion; 3) clarity and comprehension; 4) pertinence of content; 5) relevance of items and 6) proper sequence. Parameters one, two, and six refer to the aspect, appearance, and exteriority of the form; item three assesses whether the wording is intelligible, transparent, with coherent and unambiguous expressions; pertinence analyzes whether the data reflect the concepts involved and achieve the proposed objectives; and, finally, relevance verifies the significance of each item12,13,15.

The experts evaluated each section and item against the six criteria, for which they selected only one of the options: Adequate, Inadequate, or Requires Greater Adequacy. At the end of the script they recorded their opinions, criticisms and suggestions in the open spaces.

The forms were collected in the first half of February 2018, after 30 days. For data analysis, the answers were manually tabulated and all comments were organized in tables. The decision to maintain, reformulate or delete items was based on the Percentage of Consensus (PC) among the experts, with a value of statistical significance of consensus above 80% adopted13-15.

It should be noted that the participation of the experts did not consider them subjects of the research, but as evaluators of a proposal for a data collection instrument, therefore, the approval of the Research Ethics Committee involving human beings or a Form of Free and Informed Consent is not required.


After an extensive literature review of the scientific literature, the theoretical frameworks were established and the representative domains of the clinical evaluation of the institutionalized elderly persons chosen. Universal dimensions were used for the multiprofessional data collection, since the instrument is not restricted to a certain professional class.

The instrument consisted of two domains: Anamnesis and Physical Examination, common tools used by healthcare professionals to collect patient information. The researchers then returned to literature to define which dimensions would be relevant for the clinical evaluation of the institutionalized elderly, which constituted the sections of the instrument.

The Anamnesis domain was fragmented into the following sections: identification; legal guardian; reason for institutionalization; history of previous diseases; neurological evaluation; auditory and visual evaluation; gastrointestinal and nutritional evaluation; genitourinary evaluation; evaluation of lifestyle and basic activities of daily living. The Physical Examination consisted of: vital signs, anthropometric data, general evaluation and evaluation of skin and mucous membranes.

After the elaboration of the instrument, validation was performed by the nine experts with experience in caring for the institutionalized elderly. The profile of the experts is presented in Table 1.

Table 1 Data of professionals who evaluated the instrument designed for admission to LTCFs. Maringá, Paraná, 2018. 

Variables n (%) Mean (standard-deviation)
Age (years)
3 (33.33)
4 (44.44)
2 (22.22)
39.33 (±10.03)
7 (77.77)
2 (22.22)
Time since graduation (years)
6 (66.66)
2 (22.22)
1 (11.11)
16.22 (±10.60)
Academic qualification
7 (77.77)
5 (55.55)
Time working (years)
2 (22.22)
5 (55.55)
2 (22.22)
15.66 (±10.98)
Long Term Care Facility for the Elderly
5 (55.55)

To identify the experts, an alphabetical letter system was used, represented by: A and B- doctors; C- pharmacist; D and E- physiotherapists; F - speech therapist; G- pharmacist and nurse; H- nurse and I- nutritionist.

The results of the evaluation of the body of experts of the consensus and representativeness of the items in each section are shown in Table 2.

Table 2 Distribution of level of consensus among experts regarding the six evaluation criteria in the content validation process. Maringá, Paraná, 2018. 

Indicators Analysis Criteria Format and Presentation Readability and Ease of Completion Clarity & Comprehension Pertinence of Content Relevance of Items Proper order
Identification 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Legal Guardian 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Reason for institutionalization 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
History of previous illness 78% 78% 89% 89% 100% 78%
Neurological evaluation 89% 89% 67% 78% 100% 67%
Auditory and visual evaluation 89% 89% 89% 89% 89% 89%
Gastrointestinal and nutritional evaluation 78% 78% 67% 89% 89% 67%
Genitourinary evaluation 78% 89% 78% 89% 89% 78%
Living habits 89% 100% 89% 89% 89% 89%
Evaluation of basic activities of daily living 78% 89% 89% 78% 100% 89%
Physical Exam
Vital signs 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Anthropometric data 100% 100% 100% 89% 100% 89%
Overall evaluation 89% 89% 89% 89% 100% 89%
Skin and mucous membrane 89% 89% 89% 89% 100% 78%

According to the responses of the experts regarding the consensus and representativeness of the sections, eight achieved consensus rates above 80% in all the stipulated criteria. Of these, five remained unchanged, as shown in Chart 1, while in the remaining suggestions to modify some terms to better cover the proposed content were accepted, as shown in Chart 2.

Chart 1 Unchanged sections due to scores higher than stipulated in the six established criteria. Maringá, Paraná, 2018. 

Chart 2 Alterations made following specific suggestions of experts. Maringá, Paraná, 2018. 

The experts selected the option Requires greater adequacy for all the criteria that had a score of less than 0.8, while the option Inadequate was chosen once, by Expert D, for the criteria of adequate sequence in Gastrointestinal and nutritional evaluation.

The mean AP value for each of the six parameters was 0.90; 0>92; 0.89; 0.91; 0.97 and 0.87, respectively. All achieved means over 0.80, with the criteria of relevance having the best score (97%) and proper sequence the lowest (87%).

There were 48 suggestions in all, with each expert suggesting between one and 14 reformulations, some of which, despite the percentage indicating valid content, were accepted, in order to improve the instrument. Additionally, all the sections that did not achieve the determined percentage were reformulated and adapted.

The sections History of Disease, Gastrointestinal and nutritional evaluation, Genitourinary evaluation and Skin and mucous membrane evaluation underwent major adaptations, with the disparity between the initial version and the definitive version becoming clear, as can be seen in Chart 3.

Chart 3 Initial and final versions of sections: History of previous disease, Gastrointestinal and nutritional evaluation, Genitourinary evaluation and Skin and mucous membrane evaluation. Maringá, Paraná, 2018.  

In contrast, the sections Neurological evaluation and Evaluation of Basic activities of daily living underwent few changes. In the first, two experts proposed the following: substitution of the item “communication” with “comprehension”; the word “speech” was added to the item “communication” (speech/communication)”; the word “stutter” was excluded and the sequence of the items was inverted. In the second section, three experts (A, B and H) opted to include the Katz Scale, since the initial instrument included all the items that composed the scale in the form of questions and did not generate a score for dependence.


The importance of developing a specific data collection instrument for the admission of the elderly to long-term care facilities became evident when we identified the absence of such an instrument. The research on this theme also evidenced the inadequacies of publications available in the literature that contemplate integrative care among the various professional classes, aiming at holistic and integral care for the geriatric patient.

Therefore, for the development of the present study, it was difficult to obtain articles related specifically to data collection and the unification of information that could be shared and used by all professionals of the multidisciplinary team.

The choice of theoretical framework presupposed the union of information based on clinical medical examination and nursing history contained in the systematization of nursing care (SNC). Both processes are based on obtaining patient data through anamnesis and physical examination to better trace diagnoses and possible therapeutic approaches, thus ensuring individualized and continuous care18,19.

Thus, the references supported the structuring of the instrument, for which it was chosen to build two domains: Anamnesis and Physical Examination, which, in turn, were constituted by their respective sections and these by their respective items.

The first section refers to Identification, which provides the sociodemographic profile of the patient. These data are extremely important because they provide support for the analysis of anatomical-physiological differences between genders and the alternation of disease prevalence in relation to age and sex11.

The second section comprises the data of the Legal Guardian, i.e. identifies the person responsible for the hospitalization of the elderly person and other necessary contacts.

The third section discusses the Reason for Institutionalization, the reason that motivated seeking the health service, which indirectly indicates the social environment in which the elderly person was inserted and the expectation regarding the desired care.

It is noteworthy that the first, second and third sections achieved a 100% consensus level for all evaluation criteria, and no recommendations were made for alterations.

The next section deals with History of Previous Diseases, in which three evaluated criteria that achieved a AP of 0.78 were reviewed and reformulated. The insertion of the dementia syndrome, suggested by three experts, is justified because it encompasses several irreversible diseases that compromise the higher brain functions and impair the functionality of the individual. Among these, Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia and Lewy bodies were introduced as sub-items, as the former is responsible for 60% of all dementias, followed in order by the others (Chart 3)20-22.

In the same section, the terms meningitis and hepatitis B were replaced by urinary tract infection and pneumonia. About 15% to 30% of all infections found in elderly residents of LTCFs are due to urinary tract infection23. In developed countries, more than 50% of hospitalizations for pneumonia are in the elderly, with a higher prevalence of respiratory infection in institutionalized elderly persons than those who live in the community24.

Chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes mellitus and strokes negatively influence the functional capacity of the elderly and this deterioration progressively increases due to the number of morbidities25.

The fifth section of the instrument refers to the Neurological Evaluation, which analyzes the production and comprehension of the spoken language, neurological changes and motor skills. It was difficult to choose the items for this section as it is a very broad area and, at the same time, specific to certain health professionals. Thus, the inserted items subsidize a neurological evaluation based on overall understanding so that all of the multidisciplinary team know how to complete it.

The sixth section deals with the Auditory and Visual Evaluation that asks about the existence of hearing alterations, visual acuity and the use of corrective methods, since the decrease of sensory capacity is related to an increase in falls, cognitive and functional decline, depressive processes, social isolation and immobility2,6. Given a rate of consensus of over 0.8 in all items of the section, there were no significant changes, only the addition proposed by Expert B (Chart 2).

In the initial instrument, the seventh section comprised the Gastrointestinal and Nutritional Evaluation and the eighth the Genitourinary Evaluation. The analysis of the experts identified that the two sections were interconnected and for this reason received scores below the stipulated level in four evaluation criteria, and were reformulated in a different manner from the initial version, as shown in Chart 3.

After making the proposed changes, in the final version, the Digestive and Urinary Evaluation included urinary and fecal elimination, urinary incontinence and fecal incontinence, with the latter recommended by three experts (A, B and H). Both urinary and fecal incontinences are highly prevalent in institutionalized elderly persons, generating serious psychosocial consequences, such as social isolation, changes in self-esteem and self-image, and contribute to lower Katz Scale scores25,27,28.

The Nutritional Evaluation section included questions about the diet of the elderly, data relevant to the maintenance of an adequate nutritional state in a context of so many obstacles, such as the existence of chronic diseases; polypharmacy; aging-related physiological changes that interfere with appetite, nutrient intake and absorption, and social and economic issues29.

According to Silva and Dias29, institutionalized women have a higher risk of malnutrition than men, while men are more malnourished than women. This study also confirmed the relationship between the influence of nutritional status on the functionality of the elderly, with men, who are statistically more malnourished, having a lower functional capacity and becoming more dependent on the activities of daily living. On the other hand, Barbosa et al.25 found that women are more dependent in instrumental activities of daily living and, although they live longer, do so in worse living conditions.

Regarding the Living Habits section, which consisted of four items that investigate the consumption of tobacco, alcohol, fitness for certain leisure activities, including physical activity, and sleep patterns; it is important to specify which type of physical activity the elderly practice, as this age group prioritizes aerobic activities, flexibility, balance, endurance and muscle strength29.

The evaluation of sleep quality is extremely important, since insomnia and drowsiness are frequent complaints of the elderly, increasing the risk of falls, as well as having cognitive, respiratory and cardiovascular repercussions30.

The section Evaluation of the Basic Activities of Daily Living aims to assess the degree of dependence of the patient in performing activities of self-care31.

The Katz Scale assesses six basic self-care activities: bathing; dressing oneself; performing hygiene; transferring from bed to chair and vice versa; being continent and having the ability to feed oneself. The final score provides the degree of dependence of the individual. Its construction is based on the conclusion that functional loss follows an equal pattern of decline, that is, the ability to bathe is lost first, followed by an inability to dress, transfer and feed oneself, and when there is recovery, it occurs in the reverse order25.

Regarding the Physical Examination domain, the sections include: Vital Signs, Anthropometric Data, General Evaluation and Skin and Mucosal Membrane Evaluation, which were restructured after the evaluation of the experts.

Thus, the first section refers to the indicators of the body’s vital functions, which is important due to the fact that these data are fundamental for observing health and adequate physiology in the respiratory, cardiac, endocrine and neural areas32.

The second section, Anthropometric Data, despite being formed by a group of elements which are difficult to collect among the elderly population, are widely used because they are non-invasive, low cost and allow the nutritional status of the patient to be assessed29. The item calf circumference measurement was added as it is sensitive data for the evaluation of muscle mass; assisting in the detection of risks, in order to ensure adequate interventions to improve the quality of life of the elderly, as well as the body mass index and its reference values adopted for the elderly in Brazil16,17.

The Overall Evaluation section was created for subjective evaluation, using patient data and being interpreted by professionals according to their experiences. In this context, checking the overall state allows an understanding of how the disease has affected the body as a whole. The evaluation of the level of consciousness, although a little more complex, allows the individual’s ability to remain alert to be tested through responsiveness to environmental and verbal stimuli16. At the same time, the state of hydration can be assessed through abrupt weight loss, skin changes in moisture, elasticity and turgor, mucous membrane changes in relation to moisture and eye changes. In addition, skin color changes were also included in the initial version as: pallor (attenuation or disappearance of rosy skin color), jaundice (yellowish skin and mucous membranes resulting from bilirubin accumulation) and cyanosis (bluish skin color and mucous membranes due to reduced serum hemoglobin)33.

Finally, the last section, Skin and Mucous Membranes Evaluation, focused on elemental lesions - solid formations, liquid collections, changes in thickness and loss, and tissue repair - was initially organized in the form of tables to be completed. In this section, one expert (A) suggested excluding the items “skin disorders” and “pressure ulcer evaluation” from the table. In contrast, two experts (A and H) requested the incorporation of the Braden Scale into the instrument (Chart 3).

The Braden Scale assesses the risk for pressure ulcer, consisting of six topics: sensory perception (ability to react to pressure related to discomfort); moisture; activity; mobility (ability to change and control body position); nutrition; friction and shear. The sum of the score of these parameters can vary from 6 to 23, where the lowest values indicate worse conditions34. The scale is important as it complements the multidisciplinary clinical evaluation, with the purpose of identifying at risk individuals and supporting strategies for pressure ulcer prevention.

In short, after its construction and series of evaluations by the nine experts, the instrument was considered adequate in terms of meeting the needs of the health professionals for the admission of the elderly to LTCFs and their care while they remain institutionalized.

The process experienced in the elaboration of this instrument allowed the authors of this study to understand the relevance of multidisciplinary work, since, even after an extensive search for information in scientific databases, the numerous suggestions from professionals with their expertise was a relevant and fundamental factor for the functionality of the instrument.


Research in scientific and operational databases provided the necessary theoretical basis for the construction of the present instrument. However, it was difficult to choose the content inserted in the initial version, as the questions were required to cover universal dimensions for use by the multiprofessional team.

Subsequently, the instrument was evaluated by experts in the gerontological-geriatric area, a process designated as validation. Content validity, according to the opinion of the experts, demonstrated the satisfactory relevance, pertinence and representativeness of the inserted items. Some recommended suggestions allowed the inclusion, reformulation and exclusion of items to improve the clarity and comprehension of the instrument.

Thus, the present study achieved its objective - to develop and validate an instrument for the admission of the elderly in long-term care facilities that can be used by all healthcare professionals and, consequently, to support better care planning for this specific population.

This is an innovative instrument that is notable for its originality, since the justification for creating it was the absence of another multiprofessional form that allows a holistic view of institutionalized elderly persons and integrated care. Thus, the next step would be the application of the final instrument in long-term care facilities for the elderly, aimed at verifying its practicality, functionality and validity in clinical practice.


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Funding:Unicesumar, Institutional Program of Scientific Research Scholarships (or PROBIC). Research grant, number of process: 84233/2016.

Received: April 02, 2018; Accepted: July 07, 2019

Correspondence Eloá Sanches Martins Corrêa

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