Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
versión impresa ISSN 0101-2061
GRANATO, Daniel y MASSON, Maria Lucia. Instrumental color and sensory acceptance of soy-based emulsions: a response surface approach. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.4, pp. 1090-1096. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000400039.
Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was applied to evaluate the chromatic features and sensory acceptance of emulsions that combine Soy Protein (SP) and red Guava Juice (GJ). The parameters analyzed were: instrumental color based on the coordinates a* (redness), b* (yellowness), L* (lightness), C* (chromaticity), h* (hue angle), visual color, acceptance, and appearance. The analyses of the results showed that GJ was responsible for the high measured values of red color, hue angle, chromaticity, acceptance, and visual color, whereas SP was the variable that increased the yellowness intensity of the assays. The redness (R2adj = 74.86%, p < 0.01) and hue angle (R2adj = 80.96%, p < 0.01) were related to the independent variables by linear models, while the sensory data (color and acceptance) could not be modeled due to a high variability. The models of yellowness, lightness, and chromaticity did not present lack of fit but presented adjusted determination coefficients bellow 70%. Notwithstanding, the linear correlations between sensory and instrumental data were not significant (p > 0.05) and low Pearson coefficients were obtained. The results showed that RSM is a useful tool to develop soy-based emulsions and model some chromatic features of guava-based emulsions through RSM.
Palabras llave : colorimetry; response surface methodology; sensory acceptability; functional foods; Glycine max.