A NEW APPROACH FOR HEMORRHOID DISEASE: SELECTIVE DEARTERIALIZATION AND MUCOPEXY WITHOUT DOPPLER GUIDANCE

Carlos Walter SOBRADO Lucas Faraco SOBRADO Sergio Carlos NAHAS Ivan CECCONELLO About the authors

The surgical
procedure: three dearterializations and three mucopexies

HEADINGS:
Transanal minimally invasive surgery; Transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization; Hemorrhoids; Mucopexy, Surgical technique


ABSTRACT

Background:

Transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD) is safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for hemorrhoidal disease, but reports regarding recurrence and postoperative complications (pain and tenesmus) vary significantly.

Aim:

To evaluate if selective dearterialization and mucopexy at the symptomatic hemorrhoid only, without Doppler guidance, achieves adequate control of the prolapse and bleeding and if postoperative morbidity is reduced with this technique.

Methods:

Twenty consecutive patients with grade II and III hemorrhoids were treated with this new approach and were evaluated for postoperative complications and recurrence.

Results:

Control of prolapse and bleeding was achieved in all patients (n=20). Postoperative complications were tenesmus (n=2), external hemorrhoidal thrombosis (n=2) and urinary retention (n=2). After a mean follow-up of 13 months no recurrences were diagnosed.

Conclusion:

Selective dearterialization and mucopexy is safe and achieves adequate control of prolapse and bleeding and, by minimizing sutures in the anal canal, postoperative morbidity is diminished. Doppler probe is unnecessary for this procedure, which makes it also more interesting from an economic perspective.

HEADINGS:
Transanal minimally invasive surgery; Transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization; Hemorrhoids; Mucopexy, Surgical technique

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