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(Updated: 2022/07/14)

About the journal


Basic information


ABCD - ARQUIVOS BRASILEIROS DE CIRURGIA DIGESTIVA, the official publication of the Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD (Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery), since 1986, published in a single volume per year, whose mission is  the publication of articles of clinical and experimental studies that foster the advancement of research, guidelines, teaching and assistance in surgical, clinical, and endoscopic gastroenterology, and related areas. Its major sections are original articles, review or update articles, case reports, editorials (solicited) and letters to the Editor. Other sections may be included depending on the interest of the Journal or the need to  publish relevant subject matters not suitable for the categories above. 

Its abbreviated title is Arq. Bras. Cir. Dig., which should be used in bibliographies, footnotes, references and bibliographic strips.



Indexing sources

  • Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde - LILACS
  • SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online
  • PubMed 
  • PubMed Central
  • Scopus
  • Web of Science
  • DOAJ (Directory of Open Acess Journal)
  • Google Acadêmico


Intellectual Property


All content of the journal, except where identified, is licensed under a Creative Commons attribution type BY.





The Journal is financially supported by:

  • Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD
  • Associação Brasileira de Câncer Gástrico - ABCG
  • Capítulo Brasileiro da International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association - IHPBA
  • Grupo de Estudos das Doenças do Pâncreas



Editorial Board





  • Nelson Adami Andreollo
    Faculdade de Ciências Médicas
    Universidade Estadual de Campinas-UNICAMP
    Campinas - São Paulo- Brasil

Editores Associados

  • José Eduardo de Aguilar Nascimento
    Faculdade de Medicina - UNIVAG
    Cuiabá - Mato Grosso - Brasil
  • Francisco Tustumi
    Faculdade de Medicina
    Universidade de São Paulo - USP


Editorial Committee



Digestive Surgery

  • Carlos Alberto Malheiros - FCM Santa Casa - São Paulo - SP
  • Cleber Dario Pinto Kruel - UFRGS - Porto Alegre - RS - Brasil
  • Gaspar de Jesus Lopes Filho - UNIFESP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Ivan Cecconello -USP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Júlio César Uili Coelho - UFPR - Curitiba - PR - Brasil
  • Jurandir Marcondes Ribas Filho - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie - Curitiba - PR -Brasil
  • Luiz Roberto Lopes - UNICAMP - Campinas - SP
  • Osvaldo Malafaia - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie - Curitiba - PR
  • Nicolau Gregori Czeczko - UFPR - Curitiba - PR - Brasil
  • Ozimo Gama - UFMA - São Luiz - MA
  • Paulo César Galvão do Amaral - UFBA - Salvador - BA - Brasil
  • Paulo Roberto Savassi Rocha - UFMG - Belo Horizonte - MG - Brasil
  • Ramiro Colleoni Neto - UNIFESP - São Paulo - SP
  • Richard R. Gursky UFRGS - Porto Alegre - RS
  • Ronaldo Mafia Cuenca - UNB - DF - Brasil
  • Rubens Sallum - USP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Sérgio Carlos Nahas - USP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil

Obesity and Metabolic Surgery

  • Álvaro Antônio Bandeira Ferraz - UFPE - Recife - PE - Brasil
  • Fernando Antonio Siqueira Pinheiro - UFCE - Fortaleza - CE
  • Elinton Adami Chaim - UNICAMP - Campinas - SP
  • Josemberg Marins Campos - UFPE - Recife - PE - Brasil
  • Marco Aurélio Santo - USP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Marco Tulio Diniz - UFMG - Belo Horizonte - MG - Brasil
  • Paulo Afonso Nunes Nassif - Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie - Curitiba - PR - Brasil
  • Ronaldo Cuenca- Brasília - Brasília - DF

Liver, Biliary and Pancreas Surgery

  • André Luis Montagnini - USP - São Paulo - SP
  • Antonio Nocchi Kalil - Santa Casa - Porto Alegre - RS
  • Claudemiro Quirese - UFGO - Goiania - GO
  • Eduardo Ramos - UFPR - Curitiba - PR
  • José Jukemura - USP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Marcelo Moura Linhares - UNIFESP - São Paulo - SP
  • Orlando Jorge Martins Torres - UFMA - São Luiz - MA - Brasil
  • Paulo César Galvão do Amaral - UFBA - Salvador - BA
  • Paulo Herman - USP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Telesforo Bacchella - USP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil

Gastric Cancer

  • Antonio Carlos Weston - UFRGS - Porto Alegre - RS - Brasil
  • Bruno Zilberstein - USP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Carlos Alberto Malheiros - FCMSC-SP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Cláudio José Caldas Bresciani - USP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Laercio Gomes Lourenço - UNIFESP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Paulo Kassab - FCMSC-SP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Paulo Pimentel de Assumpção - UFPA - Belém - PA - Brasil
  • Ulysses Ribeiro Junior - FMUSP -   São Paulo - SP

Video surgery

  • Alexander Charles Morrell - HPM-SP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Andre Brandalise - Centro Médico - Campinas - SP 
  • Carlos Eduardo Domene - USP - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
  • Fabricio Ferreira Coelho -  USP - São Paulo - SP
  • Delta Madureira Filho - UFRJ - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brasil
  • Ricardo Z. Abdalla - USP   São Paulo - SP


  • Claudio R.S.Coy   UNICAMP - Campinas - São Paulo - SP
  • Fabio G.M. Campos - USP - São Paulo - SP
  • Francisco Sergio Pinheiro Regadas - UFCE - CE
  • Helio Moreira Filho - UFGO - Goiania - GO
  • Maria Cristina Sartor - UFPR - Curitiba - PR
  • Sergio Carlos Nahas - USP - São Paulo  - SP 


  • Agnaldo Lima Soares - Santa Casa - Belo Horizonte -  MG
  • Ilka F.S. Boin - UNICAMP  - Campinas - SP  
  • José Huygens Garcia - UFCE - Fortaleza - CE
  • Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque - USP - São Paulo - SP
  • Wellington Andraus - USP - São Paulo - SP


  • Antonio Carlos Campos - UFPR - Curitiba - PR  
  • Dan Waitzberg - USP - São Paulo - SP
  • José Eduardo Aguilar Nascimento -UNIVAG - Cuiabá - MT 


Digestive Surgery

  • Andre Duranceau, Centre Hospitalier de L'Univ. de Montreal - Canada
  • Arnulf Thiede, Würzburg University - Würzburg - Germany
  • Attila Csendes, University of Chile - Santiago - Chile
  • Italo Braghetto, University of Chile - Santiago - Chile
  • Luigi Bonavina, Policlinico San Donato - Universidade de Milão - Italy
  • J. Jan B. van Lanschot - Erasmus Medical Center / Erasmus University - Rotterdam - the Netherlands
  • Jean Marie Collard, Louvain Medical School - Brussels - Belgium
  • Karl Fuchs, Frankfurter Diakonie-Kliniken - Frankfurt - Germany
  • Nobutoshi Ando, Department of Surgery, Ichikawa General Hospital - Tokyo - Japan
  • Tom Ryan De Meester, University of Southern California - USA
  • Ulrich Andreas Dietz, Würzburg University - Würzburg - Germany
  • Yuko Kitagawa, Keio University - Tokyo - Japan

Obesity and Metabolic Surgery

  • Francesco Rubino, Cornell University - New York - USA
  • Lee Michael Kaplan, Harvard Medical School - Boston - USA
  • Mariano Palermo - University of Buenos Aires - Buenos Aires - Argentina
  • Michel Gagner - Clinique Michel Gagner - Montreal - Canada
  • Philip Schauer, Cleveland Clinic - Cleveland - Ohio - USA
  • Raul Rosenthal - Cleveland Clinic Florida - USA

Hepatobiliopancreatic Surgery

  • Eduardo Santibañes, Hospital Italiano - Buenos Aires - Argentina
  • Mickael Lesurtel, University Hospital - Zurich - Switzerland
  • Olivier Scatton, Hôpitaux de Paris - Université Descartes - Paris - France

Gastric Cancer

  • Giovanni De Manzoni, University of Verona - Italia
  • Mitsuru Sasako, Hyogo College of Medicine - Hyogo - Japan
  • Paul Mansfield, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center - Texas - USA
  • Takeshi Sano, Cancer Institute - Tokyo - Japan

Videosurgery and Robotics

  • Eduardo Parra-Davila - Florida Hospital Celebration Health - Celebration, FL - USA
  • Jeffrey M. Marks - UH Case Medical Center - Cleveland, OH - USA
  • Antonello Forgione - Niguarda Cà Granda Hospital, Milan - Italy
  • Giovanni Dapri - Saint-Pierre University Hospital, Brussels - Belgium


Editorial production

  • Review and final art
    Zeppelini Editorial




Instructions to authors



DEAR AUTHORS: Thank you for your interest in submitting your manuscript for evaluation and publication in ABCD – Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva.

The Journal is indexed in SciELO, PubMed and PubMed Central, Scopus, Web of Science, DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journal), LILACS and Google Scholar and receives many scientific papers for publication.

We suggest that you carefully read all the details included in these INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS, to prepare your scientific work and submit it to ABCD.



Scope and policy


ABCD is a quarterly journal with a single annual volume, official organ of the Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery (CBCD), and its mission is to publish articles on clinical and experimental studies that contribute to the development of research, teaching and assistance in surgical and clinical gastroenterology, and related areas.

Sections include: original articles, guidelines, review articles, surgical technique articles, guidelines, consensuses or updates, editorials (by invitation) and letters to the editor. There may be other sections depending on the journal's interest or the need for dissemination.

Works submitted for publication must be unpublished and exclusively intended for ABCD. They must not have been previously published in a similar form and should not be under consideration for publication in another national or international journal.

Its content must include a scientific contribution to surgical and clinical gastroenterology, have scientific merit and highlight the national and international literature.

All matters related to human research and animal research must have prior approval from the Research Ethics Committee (REC) of the institution where the work was carried out, or in another local or regional institution if there is no such committee where the study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, revised in 2013. Following current standards of good practice in human research, it is the full responsibility of the authors that patients enrolled in the study must have signed an informed consent form.

ABCD supports the policies of the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) in registering clinical trials, recognizing the importance of these initiatives for the international registration and dissemination of clinical trial information for open access. Therefore, clinical trials will only be accepted for publication after they have received an identification number from one of the Clinical Trials Registers validated by the criteria established by WHO and ICMJE, whose addresses are available at the ICMJE website. The identification number must be registered at the end of the abstract.



Form and preparation of manuscripts



Original articles must be submitted on the Journal's website, at the following email address: When accessing the site, the author responsible for submitting the article must identify himself by means of a username and password.

The website contains INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS and detailed guidance on the preparation of a research paper and its bibliographic references, in Portuguese and English. In addition, authors should note that the site has options for including the content of the scientific work, in Portuguese and English.

As of January 1, 2022, the Journal will publish works exclusively in English. Therefore, authors from abroad must submit the work in English. Brazilian authors may initially provide the work in Portuguese, and after reviewers' evaluation, adaptations and final acceptance for publication, they need to provide the translation and send the final work in English.

The Editors, upon request of the authors, may arrange for the translation into English of the respective accepted works, with the costs of the translation being passed on to the authors. Editors will send all accepted papers for review in English, complying with academic, technical and medical language and terminology.

If authors wish to obtain information about the analysis and decision to publish their scientific paper sent to ABCD, they should use the following email address:

Articles must be typed in double space, using a 12-pt Arial font and numbering the pages consecutively starting with the title page. The maximum length of the text, excluding references and tables, is 5000 words for original and review articles and 800 for letters to the editor and editorials.

The Journal does not accept case reports.

All concepts and scientific assertions emanating from articles, or printed advertisements, are the sole responsibility of the authors or advertisers. To standardize the language of medical terms, authors should, São Paulo, Terminologia Anatômica. Editora Manole, 1st Ed., 2001, for anatomical terms. ABCD is free to do so if the author(s) has not followed it.

Every article submitted for publication must be written concisely and entirely in the third person singular or plural, and it must consist of a pre/post-textual and textual part.

The manuscript must be composed of:


1) Title in Portuguese and English;

2) Full name(s) of author(s)

3) Identification of the place(s) where the work was carried out, making clear the institution(s) involved, city, state and country;

4) Name and email address of the responsible author and for correspondence with the Editors;

5) ORCID number of all authors.


It should be sent in Portuguese and English, consist of up to 300 words in a single paragraph, structured describing BACKGROUND, AIM, METHODS, RESULTS, CONCLUSION and HEADINGS (Key Words) An abstract is not needed for Letters to the Editor. It should not contain abbreviations, acronyms or references.


Three to five keywords must be listed, which are contained in the Health Sciences Descriptors - DeCS or MESH - (Attention: key words that do not appear in DeCS/MESH must not be used).


Due to the inclusion of social media in bibliometric evaluations (called altmetrics), as of 2020, ABCD, as well as the most important national and international medical journals, are adding small texts to their publications, called Central Message and Perspectives. In addition, a Visual Abstract or Highlights must be included, which will be disseminated through Twitter, Facebook and similar media. The words of these texts must be simple so that the medical and lay public can understand the advancement of science that the article proposes.

The Central Message is not a brief summary of the results but a simple overview of them (maximum of 100 words).

Perspectives is the message that should indicate the significance of the findings and how the authors anticipate that their results will help in clinical practice (maximum of 100 words).

Visual Abstract or Highlights present a brief graphic summary of the article. They should indicate the topic being addressed and provide a summary of the results, most often using simple icons, figures and graphs. One to three columns can be used.

The Abstract, Central Message, Perspectives and Visual Abstract are not necessary for Letters to the Editor and editorials.


Articles of study types listed at the Equator for Health Research Reporting website must be submitted with the corresponding checklist completed.

Acronyms should only be used for repeated technical words. They must be included in parentheses the first time they appear and then only the acronyms. The division of the text must be according to the following guidelines:

Original articles: Introduction (whose last paragraph will be the Objective); Method(s); Results; Discussion; Conclusion(s); and References.

Review articles: Introduction (whose last paragraph will be the Objective); Method(s); Results; Discussion; Conclusion(s); and References.

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses: Narrative reviews must be transparent and, although they do not need to detail the search and selection of evidence, it is necessary to provide the terms used in the searches, the databases consulted and the study designs included.

Editorials: They should be done by invitation of the Editorial Board. They do not need to be structured.

Letters to the Editor: Needed is clear wording on the comment intended to be published in a maximum of three pages, which may or may not contain references. It need not be structured.


The authors must declare funding sources (if any) and if there are conflicts of interest.



They need to be formatted according to the Vancouver Standards (Ann Inter Med 1997; 126:36-47 or website items IV.A.9 and V). Up to 80 references will be accepted for Original, Technical and Review Articles and 10 for Letters to the Editor and Editorials,

ATTENTION: List the references in alphabetical order of the authors' surnames and number them sequentially.

All authors mentioned and referenced in the body of the text must be included in the Reference List. However, if the referenced work has more than 6 authors, cite the first 6 authors and then use et al. When citing in the text, use the reference number in superscript form. Journal titles should be referred to in abbreviated form according to the List of Journals Indexed in Scielo and PubMed.

At the end of each work, the doi number, if available, must be included. References to textbook chapters must include the names of the authors, the title of the chapter, the book, the edition, the publisher, the year of publication, the chapter number, and the initial and final page.

Examples of references:

  • Castro ADAE, Skare TL, Yamauchi FI, Tachibana A, Ribeiro SPP, Fonseca EKUN, et al. Diagnostic value of c-reactive protein and the influence of visceral fat in patients with obesity and acute appendicitis. Arq Bras Cir Dig. 2018;31(1):e1339. doi: 10.1590/0102-672020180001e1339.
  • Dias AR, Pereira MA, Mello ES, Zilberstein B, Cecconello I, Ribeiro Junior U. Carnoy's solution increases the number of examined lymph nodes following gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma: a randomized trial. Gastric Cancer. 2016;19(1):136-42.doi: 10.1007/s10120-014-0443-2.
  • Battistelli C. Número de cirurgias bariátricas no Brasil aumenta 46,7%. SBCBM, Jul. 11, 2018. Available at: <>. Accessed: Mar. 14, 2019. »
  • GLOBOCAN 2019. Stomach cancer incidence and mortality worldwide. Available at: Accessed: Jan. 26, 2020.
  • Alani JA, In H, Sano T, Gaspar LE, Erasmus JJ, Tang LH, et al. American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC). Cancer Staging Manual. 8th edition. Stomach. Springer 2017; 17:203-220.
  • WHO Classification of Tumours Editorial Board. Digestive System Tumours. Lyon (France): International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2019. (WHO Classification of Tumours Series, 5th ed.; vol. 1).

Authors should pay attention to the wording of the references, as all that are included will be evaluated by the Editors, Reviewers and the Journal's technical team, in all their details, and it may be suggested, at the end, to remove inappropriate references or, to include new references relevant to the work  sent.


They must be included in the body of the text when they are sent to the Journal. They must be cited in the manuscript where they appear. Special care must be taken so that there is no redundancy between them.

Tables must be numbered with Arabic numerals and with their title and legends located at the top, and also included in the body of the text, at the time of submission to the Journal.


Figures, graphs, drawings or photographs must be included in the body of the text, when they are sent to the Journal, and numbered in Arabic numerals (a maximum of six). Figures corresponding to flowcharts must be prepared in WORD or JPEG (power point), so that they can be edited. They must be sent with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. If there is a need for printed publication of color images, the costs will be passed on to the authors. The title and legends must be located at the bottom of the figure. Previously published figures must be cited with the author's permission.


The studies submitted to ABCD are sent to two reviewers of recognized competence in the topic addressed, designated by the Journal's Editorial Board (peer review). Reviewers will check the relevance of the article's contribution, existing originality, prior approval by the local ethics committee, validity of the methods used, statistical analysis, validity of results, tables, figures, references and the formal aspect of the writing and the language of the text. Reviewers' anonymity is guaranteed during the whole evaluation process.


The final version of the article approved or accepted, after analysis by the members of the Editorial Board, will be forwarded to the authors for approval, adjustments and suggested corrections. Authors should forward the work to the Journal, using the email address, within the period recommended by the Editorial Board, so that it can follow the sequence of new revisions and final acceptance, for publication in the Journal.


It is stipulated that with electronic submission, the author(s) agree(s) with the following premises:

# that the work sent to the Journal will be submitted to plagiarism analysis, even before being sent to the reviewers;

# that in the article there is no conflict of interest, complying with CFM Resolution No. 1595/2000 that disallows the publication of works and materials with promotional purposes of medical products and/or equipment. If there is a conflict of interest, it must be mentioned at the end of the references with the text: “The author(s) (name them) received a research grant from the company (mention the name) to carry out this study”, which all the authors included in the work participated in its preparation and agree with the final text, sent for publication, that the funding source, if any, must be identified and that the work was submitted to the Research and Ethics Committee (REC), which approved it. If there is prior approval by the REC, the corresponding number must be included in the text of the work, which grants the copyrights for publication to ABCD, which authorizes the Editors and/or Editorial Board of the journal to make changes to the text and references sent to it. 

If there is disagreement with these premises, the authors must write a letter making the point where they disagree, and ABCD will then need to determine whether the article can be sent for publication or returned to the authors.

# Articles submitted on the website that do not comply with all of the aforementioned Instructions to Authors will be immediately returned to the authors.                                    


All articles accepted by ABCD will be charged to the main author, after the final acceptance of the work for publication (see the Instructions to Authors on the site of ABCD – gnpapers/ABCD).


1. Publication fees will not be charged if at least one of the authors of the accepted paper is an active and compliant member of Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery (CBCD).

2. After payment of the aforementioned fee to CBCD, the final publication of the accepted article will follow the usual flow of the Journal, and inclusion in the following numbers of ABCD, SciELO, PubMed and other indexers..

3. For papers sent from abroad and accepted for publication in ABCD, the authors will be appropriately instructed on how to pay the publication fee.


The members of the ABCD Editorial Board and Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery (CBCD) thank you for submitting your manuscript. In the evaluation of the article submitted by the authors, joint works are developed by the Editor and Vice-Editors, in addition to the Journal's technical team and the members of the Editorial Board, with the primary objectives of evaluating the scientific content of the study and its contribution to the literature and contributing to the improvement of your manuscript. In this way, the Journal will be contributing to the advancement of device surgery and gastroenterology, nationally and internationally.

The Journal's editorial process consists of the following steps:

1. TECHNICAL REVIEW: This is carried out by the Editors, Vice-Editors and the technical team. It basically consists of reviewing aspects of scientific form and writing, verifying that the manuscript meets all of the ABCD standardization, including all the items detailed in the Journal's INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS and is able to go through the external peer review process.

2. EXTERNAL PEER REVIEW: This review is performed by at least two external reviewers who make up the ABCD Editorial Board and have solid knowledge and experience in the subject area of the manuscript. At this stage, reviewers will assess the scientific merit, writing, contribution to the literature and content of the manuscript, and may then issue constructive comments for its improvement. Reviewers do not know the identity of the authors and the location of the research and follow the ABCD guidelines, including checking the ethical aspects of the research.

3. REVIEW BY EDITORS: Upon the analysis of the Journal's technical team and reviewers, regarding the aspects that can be improved in the writing or the need to adapt to the standards adopted for publication in ABCD, the Editors will issue an opinion on the initial evaluation of the study and the subject area, requesting or not the authors to reformulate and adapt the manuscript (Title, Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References and Acknowledgments, and the figures, graphs and tables as well). At this stage, the manuscript may be considered approved and ready for publication, or pre-approved for publication, and then the authors will be asked to resubmit the paper, to continue the review process for publication.

4. The manuscript not approved for publication will be immediately returned to the authors, with the opinions issued, so that they have the opportunity to submit the study for publication in another journal.

5. FINAL REVIEW BY EDITORS AND EDITORIAL BOARD: Manuscripts pre-approved and then returned to the Journal will be re-analyzed as to the need for new adaptations and adjustments by the authors. And finally, the manuscript considered approved and ready for publication will be sent to be submitted to the entire editing process by the layout section responsible, in compliance with the standards of SciELO, PubMed, PubMed Central and other indexers. At this stage, thanks will be sent to the authors, and the main author will be asked to pay the publication fee, directly to Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery (CBCD), according to the Instructions to Authors.


Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery – CBCD

Av. Brigadeiro Luiz Antonio – 278 – room 10/11 - Bela Vista

Sao Paulo – SP – Brazil

Zip code - 01318-000





Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva Av. Brigadeiro Luiz Antonio, 278 - 6° - Salas 10 e 11, 01318-901 São Paulo/SP Brasil, Tel.: (11) 3288-8174/3289-0741 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil