Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the Japanese-Brazilian community of Mombuca, Guatapará, SP

Prevalência do diabetes melito na comunidade nipo-brasileira de Mombuca, Guatapará, SP

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in the Japanese-Brazilian community of Mombuca in relation to risk factors (FR) for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 131 individuals of Japanese ancestry (69% first generation), aged 20 years or more, submitted to socio-cultural, anthropometric, and biochemistry evaluation. RESULTS: Of the individuals studied (n = 131, age = 55.1 ± 15.9 years), 58.8% were women. The prevalence of DM2 and IGT were 13.7% and 14.5%, respectively. Regarding RF, 76.3% presented dyslipidemia, 52.7% abdominal obesity, 48.1% arterial hypertension, and 42.3% whole body obesity. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of DM2, IGT, and RF in this Japanese-Brazilian community was higher than in the adult population of the city of Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil, suggesting an increase in risk conditions for these morbidities.

Prevalence; diabetes mellitus; impaired glucose tolerance; Japanese Brazilians; cardiovascular risk factors

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