Productive performance of castrated or non-castrated bovines of different breeds at finishing phase

A. Vittori A. Gesualdi Júnior A.C. Queiroz F.D. Resende G.F. Alleoni A.G. Razook L.A. Figueiredo About the authors

Eighty-six castrated and non-castrated, approximately 20-month-old bovines averaging 329kg were used. They were 12 Gyr, 20 Nellore, 20 Guzerá and 20 Caracu, which were submitted to selection to weight at 378 day-old (W378) and 14 control Nellore - chosen based on nule selection differential to W378. The diet contained 14.8% of crude protein in dry matter (DM) and corn silage was used in the ratio of 60:40% forage: concentrate in DM basis. A completely randomized design in a 5 x 2 factorial arrangement (breed and sexual condition) was used. The average daily gain of 1.51kg and 1.53kg for selected Nellore and Guzerá did not differ, however surpassed those from the other breeds, which did not differ from each other. There was no difference between castrated and non-castrated animals. The dry matter intake in kg/day were higher for selected Nellore, Guzerá and Caracu (10.30; 10.04 and 10.71kg/day, respectively) and the values observed for the two other groups did not differ from each other. The bionutritional efficiency was worse for Caracu (2.13) and better for control Nellore (1.58). Caracu needed to remain in feeding 133 days longer to reach 4mm of subcutaneous fat thickness. The time in feeding for the others groups were similar.

cattle; bionutritional efficiency; feedlot

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária Caixa Postal 567, 30123-970 Belo Horizonte MG - Brazil, Tel.: (55 31) 3409-2041, Tel.: (55 31) 3409-2042 - Belo Horizonte - MG - Brazil