Hemogasometric and biochemical changes caused by diets with high negative cation-anion balance in dairy cows

Josiane de Oliveira Feijó Uriel Secco Londero Camila Pizoni Joao Alveiro Alvarado-Rincón Antônio Amaral Barbosa Eduardo Schmitt Rubens Alves Pereira Francisco Augusto Burkert Del Pino Marcio Nunes Corrêa About the authors

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate hemogasometric and metabolic indicators in the first postpartum hours of dairy cows that received different cation-anion diets in the prepartum period. Holstein cows (n=14), multiparous, were divided into two groups: (1) acidogenic diet (DA -27.13 mEq/100 g of DM) (n=7) and (2) neutral diet (DN -3.25 mEq/100 g of DM) (n=7), provided from 30 days before the expected calving. Urine samples were collected every three days from the beginning of supplementation until the day of delivery for pH verification. Blood samples were collected at 0, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60 and 72 h postpartum for hemogasometric and biochemical analyses. The animals that received DA presented lower urinary pH. The serum concentration of total calcium, ionized calcium and the incidence of subclinical hypocalcemia did not differ between groups. Animals that received DA presented reduction in blood levels of total plasma proteins, globulins, bicarbonate and blood pH, in addition to increased activity of paraoxone-1 and reduction in the concentration of haptoglobin from animals of DN. In conclusion, we can infer that, anionic diets can alter blood pH, interfere with protein synthesis, and probably improve antioxidant capacity.

Keywords:
acid-base; subclinical hypocalcemia; hemogasometry; dairy cows

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