Effect of aflatoxin B1 on digestibility and blood parameters in horses

Auro CésarBraga Fernando Queiroz de Almeida Vinicius Pimentel Silva Kelly Moura Keller Marina Prado Maciel Maria Izabel Vieira de Almeida Carlos Alberto da Rocha Rosa About the authors

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on the digestibility of nutrients and the hematological profile of horses. The assay lasted 40 days, with 12 days for adaptation and 28 days for experimentation. In the experimental stage, the horses were distributed in a completely randomized design, including three treatment groups with four animals in each group. The treatments used included 0 µg/kg (control), 50 µg/kg, and 100 µg/kg of AFB1 added to a concentrate in the basal diet. The basal diet contained mycotoxins from naturally contaminated feed. A digestibility essay was carried out at the end of the experimental period through partial feces collection, with LIPE® as an indicator. Blood samples were collected once a week during the assay for hematological and biochemical evaluations. The results of the hematological and biochemical parameters were submitted to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and compared by the Tukey test at 5% significance. The aflatoxins in the diet increased the leukocyte count, especially that of mature neutrophils. Creatine kinase and alkaline phosphatase (P < 0.05) activities were higher in horses fed more toxic diets. The digestibility of nutrients was unaffected by the level of mycotoxins in the diet (P > 0.05).

Keywords:
digestibility; equine; hematology; mycotoxin

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