Securitized Referent Objects in Brazilian Defence Documents: Natural Resources, Critical Infrastructure and Energy Security

Recursos Naturais, Infraestrutura Crítica e Segurança Energética: Objetos Referentes Securitizados em Documentos de Defesa Brasileiros?

Henry Iure de Paiva Silva Augusto W. M. Teixeira JúniorAbout the authors

Abstract

How do Brazil’s defence documents incorporate natural resources and critical infrastructure as political and strategic components of the national energy security framework? After presenting the contemporary international landscape on the subject, which is marked by rising powers and geopolitics, the paper explains the theory and the conceptual foundations that support the claim of a securitization movement on natural resources and critical infrastructure that relates to energy security in response to the absence of existential threats to Brazil. Following this effort, the text reflects upon and analyses how the matter has developed from 2005 to 2016 in Brazilian defence policies and in national defence strategies. By applying securitization theory to the case study, the final remarks imply the need for a reflection on the importance of incorporating the geopolitics of natural resources and critical infrastructure related to energy security in defence thinking.

Keywords
natural resources; critical infrastructure; energy security; defence documents; Brazil.

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