The diaspora of the Portuguese women's religious congregations to Brazil in the early twentieth century: politics, religion, gender

Maurício de Aquino About the author

This article attempts to reconstruct historically the process of diaspora of three Portuguese Women's Religious congregations as a result of the new religious policy established by the Republic of Portugal in 1910: will be favored Franciscan Hospitaller Sisters of the Dominican Sisters of St. Catherine and the Sisters of Jesus, Mary and Joseph, especially the latter two who have settled in São Paulo in 1910. During this period, St. Paul had already emerged as the leading state in Brazil and its boundaries, the coffee expansion, urbanization, railway, surrounded by European immigration and industrialization, opened new possibilities for working women, although the technological modernization was not accompanied in the field of gender relations. Women sisters from Portugal joined the others who were here and took over the management of nursing homes, schools, colleges and hospitals, leading men and women who longed for attracting other perspectives of life beyond those offered by civil society of the time.

Diaspora; Nuns Women; Gender and Religion

Núcleo de Estudos de Gênero - Pagu Universidade Estadual de Campinas, PAGU Cidade Universitária "Zeferino Vaz", Rua Cora Coralina, 100, 13083-896, Campinas - São Paulo - Brasil, Tel.: (55 19) 3521 7873, (55 19) 3521 1704 - Campinas - SP - Brazil